Civil Engineering is one of the oldest and probably most popular branches of engineering. While we may not realize it, the roots of civil engineering were laid during ancient times, when a man decided to build a shelter to put a roof on his head in order to build a safe environment for living. The definition of civil engineering flows from this concept and involves the study, design, development, construction and maintenance of build environments for human beings. The common misconception among people regarding civil engineers is that they only supervise workers at construction sites; however the scope of civil engineering as a subject is very vast.
Scope of Civil Engineering
Going by the definition of civil engineering, the subject can be defined as the study, design, development and maintenance of the built environment. When we talk about build environments in the context of civil engineering, it involves both the natural environment and build environment.
The main job of a civil engineer is to try and find a balance between these two environments in order to construct manmade structures that make human lives better, easier and more comfortable without hampering the natural ecology of the earth as well as ensuring economic feasibility and catering to the general needs of the human society.
Going by the above understanding, civil engineering has a vast scope of applications in addition to the core construction field. Any industry that is involved in the creation of sustainable infrastructure like oil and energy, chemicals, transportation, power, environmental and marine, need the help of civil engineers to create safe build environments.
Topics covered in the Civil Engineering Syllabus:
The general curriculum followed by civil engineering academic programmes deals with following topics and sub-domains.
In recent past, the field of civil engineering has undergone drastic changes with development and introduction of new and innovative fields and sub-domains. This has lead to the expansion of the specialization fields that are available to civil engineers at both undergraduate and postgraduate level programmes. The popular civil engineering specialization options available to students include:
Civil Engineering v Architecture
One of the most common and confusing aspects about civil engineering is its comparison with architecture. Students are most often confused about either joining a B.Tech Civil Engineering programme or a B.Arch programme as both the courses deal with infrastructure development field and have many common topics and sub-domains as pointed out in the above section.
While Civil Engineering and Architecture may look and sound similar, they are two completely different fields. For the most part, they both work in collaboration to develop excellent infrastructural facilities. To simply understand the distinction between these two, we have to look at the job profiles handled by them.
Eligibility for Civil Engineering Programmes
Students interested in joining civil engineering programmes can do so through any of the below-mentioned modes:
Some technical institutes are also known to offer 5-year integrated M.Tech in civil engineering programme.
Career Prospects for Civil Engineers
Civil Engineers have traditionally been one of the most well-respected career choices available to students from engineering background. However, due to the recent Information Technology boom and expansion of software industry, the domain of civil engineering has been sidelined. However, the civil engineering sector has bounced back strongly to cater to the rising needs of development of credible and sustainable infrastructure in both public as well as private sector.
If we go by the current trends, the field of civil engineering is going to see exponential development in coming years, with over 50,000 new jobs being offered in this sector every year. Even the central government has announced a recent push for the development of public infrastructural facilities across the country with an initial investment of Rs 50,000 crore.
Pay Package for Civil Engineers
Civil Engineers are one of the well-paid professionals from engineering backgrounds. In addition to the on-going real estate boom, the recent policy measures announced by the government have led to an increase in the demand for civil engineers across the country. Lack of credible candidates to fill these vacancies has resulted in a significant hike in the pay packages being offered to civil engineers in India.
When it comes to pay packages, the private sector is known to be a better paymaster compared to the public sector; but it does suffer from frequent layoffs and recessions.
Top Civil Engineering Institutes
Top Civil Engineering Institutes that offer both undergraduate and postgraduate level academic programmes are:
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