Child Development and Pedagogy Practice Questions
1. Team teaching is a clear indication of
(A) the proliferation of frills in education
(B) the deprofessionalization of the certified teacher
(C) the use of psychological principles in education
(D) the tendency to avoid whichever possible the waste of money in educational administration
(E) how new teachers may be trained in a practical and speedy manner.
2. State certification of teachers has as its main function
(A) guarding of teacher applicants who have -training in pedagogy against the competition of applicants who do not possess that training
(B) provision for an index of public commitment to the support of education
(C) exclusion of teaching candidates who would be harmful to or ineffective with children and youth out of the school milieu
(D) assurance of higher salaries and other conditions relevant to better service and higher professional status
(E) arranging for competition between one state education department and another state education department
3. A principal who is interested in upgrading the courses of will probably be successful if his first step is to
(A) stiffen the criteria for teacher recruitment
(B) hold a series of preliminary meetings with the executive board of the P. T. A.
(C) institute the salary merit system for the teachers
(D) put into operation a testing program of wide scope
(E) re-evaluate his subject- supervisor staff
4. Which one of these educators has stressed that intellectual improvement and development ought to be the primary function of our educational institutions?
(A) Theodore (b)Brameld
(C) George (d) Counts (e) cannot say
5. A child who looks blank and bites his nails when he is reprimanded by the teacher is probably demonstrating a pattern of behaviour which is termed
6. A teacher who structures her lessons very carefully and systematically is least appealing to the student who
(A) has a high I. Q.
(B) is culturally disadvantaged
(C) is inattentive
(D) is a recent transfer from a parochial school
(E) likes to work with his hands
7. When educators use the expression "readiness," they are implying that
(A) when the teacher's lesson plan has been made up properly, the children are ready to learn
(B) children are ready to learn only when they have the I.Q. required for the learn-ing at hand
(C) factors other than mental age alone must be considered in evaluating a child's degree of readiness
(D) physical maturation in girls is more im-portant in the learning process than phy-sical maturation in boys
(E) cognition precedes perception in the development of readiness
8. The 100% promotion plan is
(A) opposed by most social psychologists
(B) losing favor year by year among edu-cators
(C) disadvantageous in that it encourages the average student to do less work
(D) is more educationally sound for bright students than for slow students
(E) less costly in overall per pupil expenditure
9. The bad effects upon the student of an emotional upset may be best described by the teacher if the latter sees to it that there will be no occasion for
(A) the student to experience emotional involvement
(B) the student to meet with an anxiety-producing situation
(C) the teacher to lose her patience
(D) a controversial issue to be discussed
(E) lack of interest on the part of the student
10. The type of child who gets the "worst break" in a group intelligence test is the child who is
(B) physically immature
(E) socially mature
Answer With Explanation:
1. (C) A teaching team includes a master teacher, one or more certified teachers, some part-time teachers, a secretary or teacher-aide, and an intern. Such a combination,
recognizing the importance of accommodating individual needs through special competencies and devices, reflects the latest findings of the educational and behavior psychologists. Utilizing the lesser teacher or teacher-aid for grading routine papers, performing many of the menial classroom chores, and keeping records, makes it possible for the more skilled teacher to find out more about the misconceptions that have developed about his students' progress. Similarly, the skilled teacher is then free to work individually with the slow learner or with the gifted child.
2. (B) Certification requirements reflect the value a state places upon education and is an index of public commitment to the support of education. High certification standards are generally associated with higher salaries and other conditions that relate to better service and higher professional status. Certification programs also serve to keep persons who would be harmful to, or ineffective with children and youth, out of the schools.
3. (D) Questionnaires, seminars, faculty conferences and professional literature will give the administrator some idea of the directions his efforts should take. But it is the comprehensive testing program, organized on the basis of a clear definition of the aims and objectives of the curriculum revision contemplated that will give him the more scientific data on which he will then proceed to deploy his present staff, facilities, materials, and other resources.
4. (E) There has been a very heated controversy between the "intellectuals like Bestor (Educational Wastelands) and others that the schools exist for the training of the intellect, with very little attention to be given to pre-paring youngsters for social adjustment, mental and physical health, the ordinary leisure pursuits, home living, and parenthood and the raising of children. Anything but intellectual training is construed by the Bestor contingent as "frills" or social-welfare services.
5. (D) Symptoms such as bed wetting, finger-nail-biting, food idiosyncrasies and excessive thumb-sucking¬ all generally characteristic of infantile behavior—are
indicative of instability. These symptoms are not simply the result of worrying over a recently committed misdeed, or about one to be committed; rather, they may have their roots even in early infancy, and may suggest a mai-adjustment that is deepseated and evidenced only in part by the regressive behavior.
6. (A) The intelligent, creative student is generally self-motivated and self-directed, with interests that are so dynamic as to make it constricting and uncomfortable for him to function within a highly structured system usually geared to the average or sub¬average student. Since the intelligent, creative student is also generally well-adjusted emotionally, he does not need the various safeguards built into a highly structured system to accommodate the shy, the culturally disadvantaged, the motor-minded and the inattentive (usually directionless, rather than willfully free-wheeling) students.
7. (C) Readiness ( preparatory adjustment) is the product of the combined abilities of the individual and is expressed in his willingness to explore and discover, to learn to follow and be directed. yet still inquisitively develop his own way as he works with the assistance of others. Such readiness is an expression of how long the person has lived, the quantity and quality of intellect. the level of knowlede how easily he copes with tasks and people, and his attitudes.
8. (E) There is no doubt that the policy of non-promotion involves additionaladministrative costs. For example, repeater classes, remedial classes. additional guidance services. etc would have to be set up to accommodate the -retained" pupils. The cost per pupil would necessarily, go up, thereby leaving lees money for other school services and activities. In the final analysis, one must choose between the humanm values and the economic values involved.
9.(B) It is possible to get some indication of the degree of anxiety or emotional stress associated with various stimuli by measuring the degree of somatic disturbance caused by those stimuli. Emotional disturbance created by an anxiety-producing situation will, for example, result in slower reaction-time (blocking) and in increased muscular tension.
10.(A) The shy and withdrawn child is generally uncomfortable and inhibited in almost any group activity. Thus, when asked to take a group intelligence test, his anxiety level will rise considerably, since so much is at stake, For such a child, an individual intelligence test is