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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 25 April 2017

Apr 25, 2017 12:36 IST

    Current Affairs Quiz

    Current affairs have a significant place in IAS Exam and a large number of questions asked in IAS Prelims Exam from this section alone. An IAS aspirant should prepare current affairs with great efficiency so that they can score better in every stage of UPSC IAS Exam.

    Current Affairs Weekly Quiz for IAS Prelims Exam- 15 to 21 April 2017

    1. Significant Achievements of NITI Aayog over the last three years has been in the news recently. Consider the following statements regarding one of the achievements of the NITI Ayog- the Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index:
    I. The ‘Agriculture Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index’ has been developed by the NITI Ayog to sensitise states about the need to undertake reforms of Agriculture Market Reforms only.
    II. The index carries a score with a minimum value “0” implying no reforms and maximum value “100” implying complete reforms in the selected areas.
    III. As per NITI Aayog’s index, Maharashtra ranks highest in the implementation of various agricultural reforms.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a. Only I
    b. I and II
    c. II and III
    d. All of the above

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    NITI Aayog has developed the first ever ‘Agriculture Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index’ to sensitise states about the need to undertake reforms in the three key areas of Agriculture Market Reforms, Land Lease Reforms and Forestry on Private Land (Felling and Transit of Trees). The index carries a score with a minimum value “0” implying no reforms and maximum value “100” implying complete reforms in the selected areas.

    As per NITI Aayog’s index, Maharashtra ranks highest in the implementation of various agricultural reforms. The State has implemented most of the marketing reforms and offers the best environment for undertaking agri-business among all the States and UTs.  Gujarat ranks second with a score of 71.50 out of 100, closely followed by Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. Almost two third States have not been able to reach even the halfway mark of reforms score, in the year 2016-17. The index aims to induce a healthy competition between States and percolate best practices in implementing farmer-friendly reforms.

    Current Affairs for IAS Prelims 2017- March 2017

    2. Recently, the Digital Payments Movement has been in news recently. Consider the following statement regarding the Digital Payments Movement in India:
    I. NITI Aayog has constituted a Committee of Chief Ministers on Digital Payments on 30th November 2016 with the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Chandrababu Naidu, as the Convener to promote transparency, financial inclusion and a healthy financial ecosystem nationwide.
    II. To incentivize the States/UTs for the promotion of digital transactions, the Central assistance of Rs. 50 crore would be provided to the districts for undertaking Information, Education and Communication activities to bring 5 crore Jan Dhan accounts to a digital platform.
    III. Niti Aayog also launched two incentive schemes to promote the digital payments across all sections of society - the Lucky Grahak Yojana and the Digi Dhan Vyapar Yojana  –Over 16 lakh consumers and merchants have won Rs. 256 crore under these two schemes.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a. Only I
    b. I and II
    c. II and III
    d. All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Digital Payments Movement undertaken by the Government:

    a. An action plan on advocacy has been prepared regarding awareness and co-ordination of handholding efforts among general public, micro enterprises and other stakeholders was prepared. Appropriate literature in print and multimedia was prepared on the subject for widespread dissemination. Presentations/ interactions were organized by NITI Aayog for training and capacity building of various Ministries/Departments of Government of India, representatives of State/UTs, Trade and Industry Bodies as well as all other stakeholders.

    b. NITI Aayog also constituted a Committee of Chief Ministers on Digital Payments on 30th November 2016 with the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Chandrababu Naidu, as the Convener to promote transparency, financial inclusion and a healthy financial ecosystem nationwide.  The Committee submitted its interim report to the Prime Minister in January 2017.

    c. To incentivize the States/UTs for promotion of digital transactions, Central assistance of Rs. 50 crore would be provided to the districts for undertaking Information, Education and Communication activities to bring 5 crore Jan Dhan accounts to digital platform.

    d. Cash back and referral bonus schemes were launched by the Prime Minister on 14.4.2017 to promote the use of digital payments through the BHIM App.

    e. Niti Aayog also launched two incentive schemes to promote digital payments across all sections of society - the Lucky Grahak Yojana and the Digi Dhan Vyapar Yojana  –Over 16 lakh consumers and merchants have won Rs. 256 crore under these two schemes .

    f. Digi Dhan Melas were also held for 100 days in 100 cities, from December 25th to April 14th.

    Current Affairs Quizzes of February 2017

    3. Recently, the BHIM-Aadhaar platform has been launched along with the two incentive schemes also has been launched. Consider the following statements regarding the BHIM Referral Bonus Scheme for the individuals:
    I. The Referral Bonus scheme will incentivise existing BHIM users for bringing new users on the BHIM platform and encouraging the new users to do transactions with others using BHIM or by referring new users on BHIM.
    II. The referral will be considered successful only after 3 unique successful financial transactions have been completed by the new user.
    III. Any Indian citizen or foreign nationals can pay digitally using their biometric data like their thumb imprint on a merchants’ biometric enabled device which could be smart phone having a biometric reader.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a. Only I
    b. I and III
    c. II and III
    d. All of the above

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Cash back and referral bonus schemes were launched by the Prime Minister on 14th April 2017 to promote the use of digital payments through the BHIM App.

    BHIM Referral Bonus Scheme (for individuals):

    (1) The Referral Bonus scheme will incentivise existing BHIM users for bringing new users on the BHIM platform and encouraging the new users to do transactions with others using BHIM or by referring new users on BHIM. Hence, the bonus will be paid to both the referrer and the new user of BHIM (referee).

    (2) The referral will be considered successful only after 3 unique successful financial transactions have been completed by the new user.

    3) On completion of minimum 3 unique successful transactions totalling only Rs 50 to any 3 unique users (either to customers or to merchants), the referrer and the referee will be notified about the bonus amount via notification in BHIM app. The referrer will get Rs 10 per successful referral, while the new users will get Rs 25 for downloading and transacting from BHIM App.

    (4) Any Indian citizen can pay digitally using their biometric data like their thumb imprint on a merchants’ biometric enabled device which could be smart phone having a biometric reader.

    (5) Any citizen without access to smart phones, internet, debit or credit cards will be able to transact digitally through the BHIM Aadhaar platform.

    (6) Already, 27 major banks are now on board with 7.15 lakh merchants, so that they can start accepting payments using BHIM Aadhaar.

    ECONOMIC SURVEY 2016-17 IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

    4. Recently, the 48th Dadasaheb Phalke Award to be conferred to which of the following eminent personality of the Indian Cinema?
    a. Tapan Sinha
    b. Kasinadhuni Viswanath
    c. Rishi Kapoor
    d. K. Murthi

    Answer: b

    Explanaton:

    Renowned Film Director & Actor Kasinadhuni Viswanath is to be conferred the 48th Dadasaheb Phalke Award for the year 2016.

    The I&B Ministry has approved the recommendation of the Dadasaheb Phalke Award committee.  The Award is conferred by the Government of India for outstanding contribution to the growth and development of Indian Cinema. The Award consists of a Swarn Kamal (Golden Lotus), a cash prize of Rs. 10 lakhs and a shawl. The Award shall be conferred by the President of India at a function on May 3rd2017 at Vigyan Bhawan.

    Union Budget 2017 Questions for IAS Exam

    5. Recently, at the third meeting of the Governing Council, NITI Aayog, in which the CEO of NITI Ayog outlined the initiatives taken in areas such as agriculture, poverty elimination, health, education, digital payments, disinvestment, coastal zone and island development etc. Which of the following components of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana was undertaken to improve the earning of the farmers in the country?
    a. Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme
    b. Har Khet Ko Pani
    c. Per Drop, More Crop
    d. All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    At the third meeting of the Governing Council, NITI Aayog, the CEO, NITI, Amitabh Kant, apprised the gathering of the work done by Niti Aayog for transforming the economy and cooperation with States in the sectors of education, health, infrastructure etc. He spoke of the work done by the sub-groups of Chief Ministers on the rationalisation of Centrally Sponsored Schemes, Swachh Bharat Mission and Skill Development. He outlined initiatives taken in areas such as agriculture, poverty elimination, health, education, digital payments, disinvestment, coastal zone and island development etc. He said that NITI will work with States to improve basic services and infrastructure, in districts and regions which require specific attention. He reiterated its resolve to facilitate partnership with States for transforming India under the framework of cooperative and competitive federalism. He requested the states to treat NITI as their outpost in Delhi.

    Member-Agriculture, NITI Aayog, Ramesh Chand elaborated on some of the steps needed for doubling farmers’ income and spoke of the various elements of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, such as Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme, Har Khet Ko Pani, and Per Drop, More Crop.

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2017

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