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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: September 2016 Questions VIII

Sep 23, 2016 13:03 IST

    Current affairs should be organized keeping in mind the syllabus of UPSC IAS prelims and mains. For anyone who is starting his/her preparation, current affairs should be given priority. We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better perception of how questions can be asked in the examination.

    Q1. To control price hikes and push pulse production, CEA panel has released report titled-“Incentivizing Pulses Production through MSP and other policies”. Which of the following statements is the recommendation made under this report?

    a)The report recommends promoting GM-technology in pulse production.
    b)It recommends the government to build a large buffer stock up to 2 million tons with targets for individual pulses.
    c)Advised the Government of India to announce higher MSP for pulses specially Chana, Rabi and Tur.
    d)All of the above

    Answer: d


    In a bid to boost pulse output and check prices, the Chief Economic Advisor-led panel advised the government to immediately announce higher MSP of gram (chana) to Rs 4,000 a quintal for rabi 2016 and Rs 6,000 a quintal for both urad and tur for kharif season 2017.
    Key Recommendations
    1.The report  recommended that the government should procure pulses on a "war footing", create buffer stock of 2 million tones
    2.The Government should push states to delist pulses from APMC and promote development of GM technologies.
    3.It also prescribed subsidies to farmers for growing pulses. Efforts to be made to give production subsidies to farmers for growing pulses in irrigated areas of about Rs 10-15 per kg.
    4.The report is of views that enhancing domestic productivity and production of pulses rapidly and sustainably is the only reliable way of minimizing volatility in pulse market.
    5.The report further suggested that the government procurement machinery should be in "high gear" to ensure procurement of kharif pulses at this season's already-announced minimum support price (MSP).
    6.It suggested elimination of export ban on pulses and stock limits.

    Q2.Recently,BIRAC(Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council), under the aegis of Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Government of India, is organizing the 5th Innovators Meet. Consider the following statements regarding BIRAC.

    1. BIRAC is a non-profit Public Sector Enterprise.
    2. BIRAC’s mandate is to serve as a single window interface to promote affordable innovation in key social sectors with higher focus on start-ups & small and medium enterprises.

    Choose the correct statement?

    a)Only 2
    b)Only 1
    c)Both 1 and 2
    d) None of the above

    Answer: d


    Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC) is a not-for-profit Public Sector Enterprise, set up by Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Government of India as an Interface Agency to strengthen and empower the emerging Biotech enterprise to undertake strategic research and innovation, addressing nationally relevant product development needs.

    1.BIRAC is a new industry-academia interface and implements its mandate through a wide range of impact initiatives, be it providing access to risk capital through targeted funding, technology transfer, IP management and handholding schemes that help bring innovation excellence to the biotech firms and make them globally competitive.

    2.BIRAC has initiated several schemes, networks and platforms that help to bridge the existing gaps in the industry-academia Innovation research and facilitate novel, high quality affordable products development through cutting edge technologies.

    3.BIRAC has initiated partnerships with several national and global partners to collaborate and deliver the salient features of its mandate.

    Q3. With which country has the Government of India recently approved to ratify an agreement for the exchange of information with respect to Taxes?


    Answer: a


    The Agreement will stimulate the flow of exchange of information between India and Samoa for tax purposes which will help curb tax evasion and tax avoidance.
    Salient features of the Agreement:
    1. The Agreement enables the competent authorities of India and Samoa to provide assistance through exchange of information that is foresee ably relevant to the administration and enforcement of the domestic laws of the two countries concerning taxes covered by this Agreement.
    2. The information received under the Agreement shall be treated as confidential .Information may be disclosed to any other person or entity or authority or jurisdiction with the prior written consent of the information sending country.
    3. The Agreement also provides for Mutual Agreement Procedure for resolving any difference or for agreeing on procedures under the Agreement.

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    Q4. Recently, The Union Cabinet has approved enactment of Admiralty (Jurisdiction and Settlement of Maritime Claims) Bill 2016. Consider the following statements regarding this bill.

    1.The Bill confers admiralty jurisdiction on High Courts located in coastal states of India and but this jurisdiction might not be extended up to territorial waters.
    2.It does not apply to warships and naval auxiliary and vessels used for non-commercial purposes.

    Choose the correct statement?

    a) Only 2
    b) Only 1
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) None of the above

    Answer: a


    Salient Features of Admirability Bill, 2016
    1.The Bill confers admiralty jurisdiction on High Courts located in coastal states of India and this jurisdiction extends up to territorial waters.
    2.The jurisdiction is extendable, by a Central Government notification, up to exclusive economic zone or any other maritime zone of India or islands constituting part of the territory of India.
    3.It applies to every vessel irrespective of place of residence or domicile of owner.
    4.Inland vessels and vessels under construction are excluded from its application.
    5.It does not apply to warships and naval auxiliary and vessels used for non-commercial purposes.
    6.In order to ensure security against a maritime claim a vessel can be arrested in certain circumstances.

    Q5. To improve telecom connectivity Government of India has approved an ambitious plan to provide submarine optical fibre cable connectivity between mainland (Chennai) and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Which of the following principle of operation is used by optical fibre cable transmission?

    a)Total Internal Reflection
    b)Index of Refraction
    c)Sin law
    d)Both (b) and (b)

    Answer: d


    The approval of optic fibre cable would equip Andaman & Nicobar Islands (ANI) with appropriate bandwidth and telecom connectivity for implementation of e-Governance initiatives. It will also enable the provision of adequate support to educational institutes for knowledge sharing, availability of job opportunities and fulfill the vision of Digital India.
    An optical fiber is a cylindrical dielectric waveguide that transmits light along its axis, by the process of total internal reflection. The fiber consists of a core surrounded by a cladding layer, both of which are made of dielectric materials. To confine the optical signal in the core, the refractive index of the core must be greater than that of the cladding. The boundary between the core and cladding may either be abrupt, in step-index fiber, or gradual, in graded-index fiber.

    Q6. Consider the following statement regarding the landmark budgetary reforms to be put into effect from the Budget 2017-2018.

    a)The merger of Railway budget with the General budget.
    b)The advancement of the date of Budget presentation from the last day of February
    c)The merger of the Plan and the Non-Plan classification in the Budget and Accounts.
    d)All of the above

    Answer: d


    All the three statements are the major reforms in budget.
    The presentation of a unified budget will bring the affairs of the Railways to centre stage and present a holistic picture of the financial position of the Government. Consequent to the merger, the appropriations for Railways will form part of the main Appropriation Bill. The advancement of budget presentation by a month would pave the way for early completion of Budget cycle and enable Ministries and Departments to ensure better planning and execution of schemes from the beginning of the financial year. This will also preclude the need for seeking appropriation through 'Vote on Account' and enable implementation of the legislative changes in tax; laws for new taxation measures from the beginning of the financial year.

    Q7. Government of India is developing National Waterway-1 under Jal Marg Vikas Project, with assistance from the World Bank. Which of the following waterways are correctly matched with the river they are associated with?

    a)National Waterway 2 of Brahmaputra River.
    b)National Waterway 4 of Godavari and Krishna Rivers.
    c)National Waterway 6 of Bark River
    d)All the correctly matched

    Answer: d


    India has an extensive network of inland waterways in the form of rivers, canals, backwaters and creeks. The total navigable length is 14,500 km, out of which about 5200 km of the river and 4000 km of canals can be used by mechanized crafts. Freight transportation by waterways is highly under-utilized in India and hence has push started individual projects to boost inland waterways.

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