In IAS prelims preparation, all subjects like polity, geography, and economics should be read complimentary to the current happenings related to its subject matter. As the current affair is the most vital part of IAS prelims as well as IAS mains Exam. Here, we cover important issues from the most authentic sources like the Hindu and Press Trust of India.
We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better perception of how questions can be asked in the examination.
1. Consider the following statements regarding the capability of ISRO to launch satellites:
1) India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) has the capability of launching to Sun Synchronous Polar Orbit.
2) The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) has the capability to launch satellites to Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).
3) GSLV has proven its versatility in launching multi-orbit missions as well as lunar (Chandrayaan-1) and interplanetary missions (Mars Orbiter Mission).
Which of the above statements is correct?
a. 1 and 3
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 2
d. 1, 2 and 3
India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) has the capability of launching 1700 kg to Sun Synchronous Polar Orbit (600 km). The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV), with indigenous cryogenic upper stage, has the capability to launch satellites up to 2.2 tonnes to Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).
PSLV has proven its versatility in launching multi-satellite/multi-orbit missions as well as lunar (Chandrayaan-1) and interplanetary missions (Mars Orbiter Mission). PSLV has already established itself as a preferred launch vehicle, in its class, in the global market for launch services, especially for smaller satellites.
In order to enhance the capability, ISRO has developed the next generation launch vehicle i.e. GSLV MkIII with indigenous high-thrust cryogenic stage, to launch 4 tonne class of communication satellites to GTO and its first developmental flight is scheduled to take place in the second quarter of 2017. The development of Semicryogenic engine has also been undertaken to further enhance the GTO payload capability of GSLV MkIII to 6 tonnes.
2. Recently, the National Commission for Schedule Tribes (NCST) has approved the proposal for five additional seats for tribals in the assembly of which of the following states?
a. Madhya Pradesh
National Commission for Schedule Tribes (NCST) has approved the proposal for five additional seats for tribals in Sikkim assembly. At present, there are 32 members in Sikkim assembly and it would be increased to 40. Out of the, proposed additional eight seats, five seats would be reserved for Limbu and Tamang tribes.
The Commission has also decided to send a three member high level investigation committee for on the spot investigation of atrocities on Scheduled Tribes. The Commission also decided send a letter to States seeking latest update on tribal welfare programmes. States will also be asked to provide full details about the activities of Tribal Advisory Committees.
3. Which of the following statements is one of the target to be fulfilled by a village to be termed as “Adarsh Village” as per Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY)?
a. Villages should be 100 % open defecation free
b. 50% institutional deliveries for pregnant women
c. 50% immunisation of children
d. All of the above
As per the scheme, details for a village to be declared as Adarsh village a minimum of three of the targets listed below have to be achieved by the end of the third year of implementation of PMAGY:-
• As far as possible, elimination of poverty, but the reduction in its incidence by at least 50% within three years.
• Universal adult literacy
• 100% enrolment and retention of children at the elementary stage (I-VIII).
• Reduction of infant mortality rate (per thousand live births) to 30 and maternal mortality rate (per lakh) to 100, by 2012.
• The village should fulfil the Nirmal Gram Puraskar norms of the Deptt. Of Drinking Water, Supply and these villages should be 100 % open defecation free.
• Access to safe drinking water facility to all villagers on a sustainable basis.
• 100% institutional deliveries for pregnant women
• Full immunisation of children
• Achieving all weather road connectivity to the village
• 100% registration of deaths and births in the village
• No child marriages, and child labour
• No public consumption of liquor and other intoxicating substances
• 100% allotment of Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana (PMGAY) houses to all eligible families.
4. The Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana will be launched in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh soon. Which of the following statements best describe the aim of this scheme:
a. Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana will aim at providing Physical Aids and Assisted-living Devices for all citizens belonging to sc/st category.
b. Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana will aim at providing Physical Aids and Assisted-living Devices for all Senior citizens only.
c. Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana will aim at providing Physical Aids and Assisted-living Devices for Senior citizens belonging to BPL category.
d. All of the above
The “Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana”, a ‘Scheme for providing Physical Aids and Assisted-living Devices for Senior citizens belonging to BPL category’ will be launched in District Nellore, Andhra Pradesh on 1st April 2017.
The Physical Aids and Assisted-living Devices for Senior citizens will be distributed in Camp mode. The devices will help the Senior Citizens to overcome their age related physical impairment and to lead a dignified and productive life with minimal dependence on care givers or other members of the family.
5. India's first genetically-modified varieties of cotton whose seeds could be reused by farmers is being developed by which of the following university?
a. Punjab Agricultural University
b. University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore
c. G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology
d. Indian Agricultural Research Institute
Punjab Agricultural University in Ludhiana has announced that it has developed the country’s first genetically modified varieties of cotton — the seeds of which could be reused by farmers with no commercial restrictions.
The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has identified three Bt cotton varieties – PAU Bt 1, F1861 and RS2013 – for cultivation in Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. All three varieties carry the Cry1Ac gene imparting resistance against bollworm complex.
Cotton is the only GM crop allowed to be cultivated in India. Punjab alone needs around 20-25 lakh packets of Bt cotton seed. The price of these varieties will be much lower than current Bt cotton hybrid seed, and it can cut cultivation costs.