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Economic Survey 2016-17 for IAS Prelims: Review of Economic Development III

Feb 8, 2017 19:13 IST

    Economy Survey 2016-17

    The Economic Survey 2016-17, a flagship annual document of the Ministry of Finance, Government of India has been released now. Now, it is a high time for the IAS aspirants to study it for IAS Exam preparation. Here, for the convenience of the IAS aspirants, we have provided Indian Economy questions based on the Economic Survey 2016 17.

    Economic Survey 2016-17 for IAS Prelims: Review of Economic Development II

    1. A broader coverage on labour employed and related statistics is provided by the Annual Employment and Unemployment Surveys (EUS). Consider the following statements regarding the EUS 2015-16:
    I. The All India Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) of females is much lower than that for males.
    II. The North Eastern and Southern States, in general, display high female LFPR as compared to low levels in Northern States.
    III. As per EUS, 2015-16, the unemployment rate for females was higher than that of males across rural and urban areas.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a. Only I
    b. I and II
    c. II and III
    d. All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Present Report relates to the Fifth Annual Employment-Unemployment Survey Report 2015-16 conducted by Labour Bureau. The survey has been conducted in all the States/UTs and covers all the districts. A total sample of 1, 56,563 households have been covered with a break up of 88,783 households in the rural sector and 67,780 households in the urban sector.

    The Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) at the all India level based on usual principal status approach was estimated at 50.3 per cent. The All India LFPR of females is much lower than that for males. There are wide interstate variations in the female LFPR as well. The North Eastern and Southern States, in general, display high female LFPR as compared to low levels in Northern States. As per EUS, 2015-16, the unemployment rate for females was higher than that of males across rural and urban areas.

    Economic Survey 2016-17 for IAS Prelims: Review of Economic Development Set I

    2. At present, the total number of Central labour laws are:
    a. 45
    b. 41
    c. 39
    d. 35

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The multiplicity of labour laws and the difficulty in their compliance have been an impediment to the industrial development and employment generation. At present, there are 39 Central labour laws which have been broadly proposed to be grouped into four or five Labour Codes on functional basis with the enactment of special laws for small manufacturing units. In a major initiative for bringing compliance in the system, catalysing the need of job creation and to ensure ease of doing business while ensuring safety, health and social security of every worker, the Government has put forth a set of labour reform measures.

    Economic Survey 2016-17 for IAS Prelims: Economic Outlook and Policy Challenges I

    3. In order to address the issue of absenteeism and the shortage of professionally qualified teachers in schools which of following measures have been suggested by ASER 2014:
    I. A biometric attendance of all teachers in primary schools for each scheduled class/lecture/session/distinct from the present system.
    II. Apart from the biometric attendance being regularly monitored by local communities and parents, it should also be put in public domain.
    III. The scope of implementation should leave room for flexibility at the local level so the same do not end up as top driven ‘Model Schools’.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a. Only I
    b. I and II
    c. II and III
    d. All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    An option to address teacher absenteeism that can be explored is biometric attendance of all teachers in primary schools for each scheduled class/lecture/session/distinct from the present system, where it is morning and evening to ostensibly record arrival and departures with little control on the activities during the working hours. A pilot project in one district of every state may be implemented for six months to be expanded to all districts in three years.

    Apart from the biometric attendance being regularly monitored by local communities and parents, it should also be put in public domain. This should be backed by adequate teaching aids, recorded lectures, etc. to fill in for absentee teachers. The scope of implementation should leave room for flexibility at the local level so the same do not end up as top driven ‘Model Schools’. The pilot of biometric attendance of teachers should be accompanied with an evaluation of learning outcomes.

    Complete study material of ECONOMIC SURVEY 2016-17

    4. Consider the following statements regarding the approach of India’s health policy:
    I. The aim of good health and well-being for all as envisaged in the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3 should be synchronized with India’s domestic targets to reap the benefits of the 'demographic dividend'.
    II. On 1 January 2016, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development — adopted by world leaders in September 2015 at an historic UN Summit — officially came into force.
    III. The SDGs, also known as Global Goals, build on the success of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and aim to go further to end all forms of poverty.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a. Only I
    b. I and II
    c. II and III
    d. All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    India’s health policy aims at an integrated approach which will provide accessible, affordable and equitable quality health care to the marginalized and vulnerable sections. The aim of good health and well-being for all as envisaged in the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3, “Ensure healthy lives and promote well being for all at all ages” should be synchronized with India’s domestic targets to reap the benefits of the 'demographic dividend'.

    As on 1 January 2016, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development — adopted by world leaders in September 2015 at an historic UN Summit — officially came into force. The SDGs, also known as Global Goals, build on the success of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and aim to go further to end all forms of poverty.

    Union Budget 2017 Questions for IAS Exam

    5. Consider the following statements regarding the challenges faced by the government in providing affordable health services to the population:
    I. Life expectancy has doubled and infant mortality and crude death rates have reduced sharply.
    II. India’s total fertility rate (TFR) has been steadily declining and was 2.3 (rural 2.5 & urban 1.8) during 2014.
    III. The Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) declined from 301 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births during 2001-03 to 167 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births during 2011-13.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a. Only I
    b. I and II
    c. II and III
    d. All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Life expectancy has doubled and infant mortality and crude death rates have reduced sharply. India’s total fertility rate (TFR) has been steadily declining and was 2.3 (rural 2.5 & urban 1.8) during 2014. Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) has declined to 37 per 1000 live births in 2015 from 44 in 2011. The challenge lies in addressing the huge gap between IMR in rural (41 per 1000 live births).

    The Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) declined from 301 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births during 2001-03 to 167 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births during 2011-13. There are wide regional disparities in MMR, with States like Assam Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar recording MMR well above the all India MMR of 167. Therefore, in addition to reducing the all India MMR in line with SDG 3 targets, by improving health and nutritional status of women, there is need to focus on States with MMR higher than the national average.

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2017- January 2017

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