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Economic Survey 2016-17 for IAS Prelims: Labour Migration in India III

Feb 27, 2017 17:51 IST

    Economic Survey on demonetisation part 4The IAS aspirants must do practice of Economic Survey based questions provided in this article. Such Indian Economy questions are quite important in terms of IAS Prelims Exam and it will help to gain momentum during the preparation of IAS Prelims Exam.

    Economic Survey 2016-17 for IAS Prelims- Labour Migration in India II

    1. Consider the following statements regarding the labour mobility in India:
    I. As per the new estimates that the migration within India is between 5 and 9 million annually, indicate that labour mobility in India is much higher than has been previously estimated.
    II. Another interesting finding of this study is that the acceleration of migration was particularly pronounced for females and increased at nearly twice the rate of male migration in the 2000s.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a. Only I
    b. Only II
    c. Both I and II
    d. Neither I nor II

    Answer:

    Explanation:

    An India on the move is an India of churn, as Dr. Ambedkar observed. As per the new estimates that the migration within India is between 5 and 9 million annually, indicate that labour mobility in India is much higher than has been previously estimated. Another interesting finding of this study is that the acceleration of migration was particularly pronounced for females and increased at nearly twice the rate of male migration in the 2000s.

    The patterns of migration observed conform to priors – less affluent states and districts evince higher out-migration, and rich metropolises attract large inward flows of labour. Over time, there has been a shift towards the southern states, reflecting the opening up of new migration corridors in recent years.

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    2. The preliminary evidence in the gravity model study predicts that an increasing rate of growth of migrants over the years. Which of the following statements is incorrect regarding the migration pattern in India?
    a. The numbers show that internal migration has been rising over time, nearly doubling in the 2000s relative to the 1990s.
    b. One plausible hypothesis for internal migration is that the rewards (in the form of prospective income and employment opportunities) have become greater than the costs and risks that migration entails.
    c. Lower growth and a less number of economic opportunities could therefore have been the catalyst for such an acceleration of migration in India.
    d. Higher growth and a multitude of economic opportunities could therefore have been the catalyst for such an acceleration of migration in India.

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Over time, there has been a shift towards the southern states, reflecting the opening up of new migration corridors in recent years. Preliminary evidence in the gravity model study suggests the absence of language as a significant barrier in the migration of people – a finding that will surely allay the apprehensions of this country’s founding fathers. This study predicts an increasing rate of growth of migrants over the years. The numbers show that internal migration has been rising over time, nearly doubling in the 2000s relative to the 1990s.

    One plausible hypothesis for this acceleration is that the rewards (in the form of prospective income and employment opportunities) have become greater than the costs and risks that migration entails. Higher growth and a multitude of economic opportunities could therefore have been the catalyst for such an acceleration of migration.

    Complete study material of ECONOMIC SURVEY 2016-17

    3. Which of the following districts of Uttar Pradesh has high net in-migration by using CMM Methodology?
    a. Gautam Buddha Nagar
    b. Moradabad
    c. Meerut
    d. Sant Ravi Das Nagar

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    Districts with high net out-migration [CMM 2001-11 scores less than minus 15%] in the state of Uttar Pradesh are Muzaffarnagar, Bijnor, Moradabad, Rampur, Jyotiba Phule Nagar, Meerut, Baghpat, Bulandshahr, Hathras, Etah, Mainpuri, Budaun, Bareilly, Shahjahanpur, Unnao, Rae Bareli, Farrukhabad, Kannauj, Auraiya, Kanpur Dehat, Hamirpur, Fatehpur, Pratapgarh, Kaushambi, Faizabad, Ambedkar Nagar, Sultanpur, Shravasti, Basti, Sant Kabir Nagar, Gorakhpur, Kushinagar, Deoria, Azamgarh, Mau, Ballia, Jaunpur, Ghazipur while Sant Ravi Das Nagar while Gautam Buddha Nagar has net in-migration [CMM 2001-11 scores above 15%].

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    4. Which of the following districts of Bihar has high net out-migration [CMM 2001-11 scores less than minus 15%]?
    a. Darbhanga, Gopalganj,  Siwan,  Saran,  Sheikhpura,  Bhojpur, Buxar,  Jehanabad
    b. Darbhanga,  Gopalganj, Katihar, Saharsa, Supaul, Kishanganj
    c. Sheikhpura,  Bhojpur, Buxar,  Jehanabad, Madhepura, Dhanbad, Vaishali
    d. Hajipur, Muzaffarpur, Buxar, Patna, Nalanda, Purnea, Madhubani

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    Districts with high net in-migration [CMM 2001-11 scores above 15%]: Chandigarh; Gurgaon (HR); Delhi; Gautam Buddha Nagar (UP); Sonitpur (AS); Indore, Bhopal (MP); Surat, Valsad (GJ); Daman; Dadra and Nagar Haveli; Thane, Mumbai Suburban, Pune (MH); Rangareddy (TG); Bangalore (KA); Thiruvallur, Chennai, Kancheepuram, Erode, Coimbatore (TN); Yanam, Puducherry (PY).

    Districts with high net out-migration [CMM 2001-11 scores less than minus 15%]: Hamirpur (HP); Uttarkashi, Chamoli, Rudra Prayag, Tehri Garhwal, Pauri Garhwal, Pithoragarh, Bageshwar, Almora, Champawat (UK); Churu, Jhunjhunun, Pali (RJ); Muzaffarnagar, Bijnor, Moradabad, Rampur, Jyotiba Phule Nagar, Meerut, Baghpat, Bulandshahr, Hathras, Etah, Mainpuri, Budaun, Bareilly, Shahjahanpur, Unnao, Rae Bareli, Farrukhabad, Kannauj, Auraiya, Kanpur Dehat, Hamirpur, Fatehpur, Pratapgarh, Kaushambi, Faizabad, Ambedkar Nagar, Sultanpur, Shravasti, Basti, Sant Kabir Nagar, Gorakhpur, Kushinagar, Deoria, Azamgarh, Mau, Ballia, Jaunpur, Ghazipur, Sant Ravi Das Nagar (UP); Darbhanga, Gopalganj, Siwan, Saran, Sheikhpura, Bhojpur, Buxar, Jehanabad (BR); Nalbari, Darrang (AS); Bolangir, Ganjam (OR); Dhanbad, Lohardaga, Gumla (JH); Jhabua, Betul (MP); Amreli (GJ); Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg (MH); Bidar (KA).

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2017- January 2017

    5. Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS), Ministry of Railways provided the monthly data on tickets booked through the Unreserved Ticketing System (UTS). Consider the following statements regarding the CRIS:
    I. The Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS) is an Autonomous Organization under the Ministry of Railways.
    II. It develops and manages the Information Technology applications of the Indian Railways.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a. Only I
    b. Only II
    c. Both I and II
    d. Neither I nor II

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS), Ministry of Railways provides the monthly data on tickets booked through the Unreserved Ticketing System (UTS) for travel across different station dyads in India for period between FY 2011-12 and FY 2015-16. The Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS) is an Autonomous Organization under the Ministry of Railways. It develops and manages the Information Technology applications of the Indian Railways. CRIS also provides IT applications for non-Railway Government and Public Sector organizations.

    In the first stage, the stations were geo-coded and mapped to various Indian states and Indian districts. Data for few stations without geo-codes and stations in Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh were dropped from the analysis. Data for 26 states and union territories was kept in the analysis. In the second stage, the data was aggregated to create Origin Destination dyad passenger flow matrix for each of the Financial Years. Aggregation of the passenger flows over financial years was done to ensure that the results are not impacted by any seasonality and, to check the robustness of the results, passenger flow data was aggregated over the calendar year as well.

    IAS Prelims 2017- GS Economy complete Study Material

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