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Enrich your vocab for Bank exam: ‘Farewell with a message’

Jan 19, 2017 18:24 IST

    English is a global language. It has been a means of interacting with others around the globe. It plays a vital role while preparing for competitive exams. There is no need to learn the glossary of complicated words and the jargons used. But, you should have the basic knowledge of word usages, grammar and its meaning in different contexts. In the competitive exams, the English language questions are based on assessing knowledge of the candidate and their understanding of words in various contexts. It is our motto to help you prepare better so that you can pass these exams with flying colours. So, below is Vocab quiz based on the article taken from the ‘The Hindu’ (dated January 12th, 2017).

    Good luck for your preparation!

    Article: Farewell with a message’

    With just days remaining before his stint in office draws to an end, U.S. President Barack Obama addressed the American people one last time in a soaring speech that highlighted his administration’s top achievements and warned his fellow citizens about rising economic inequality, simmering racial divisions and regression into intractable partisanship. Although he will demit office with one of the highest approval ratings in recent history, to get to the door he will have to step across the debris of the Democratic Party, which suffered a debacle in the November general election. No wonder that the 44th President of the U.S. used his final address to urge Americans to rebuild trust in democratic institutions by reducing the corrosive influence of money in politics and breaking the logjams of congressional dysfunction through grass-roots activism. Mr. Obama knows that the polarization of the electorate turned even more bitter over his policy agenda. While there were a few areas where he faced relatively less resistance from Capitol Hill, including his aggressive positions on drone warfare and domestic mass surveillance, his most seminal policy achievement, the passage into law of the Affordable Care Act, was only by a sliver of a majority. And he was rebuffed on agenda points closest to his heart, including common sense gun control reform.

    Mr. Obama has built an impressive legacy spanning domestic and foreign policy. Inheriting an economy buckling under a severe economic recession, he sprang into action early on in his first term and passed numerous pieces of legislation to buoy the sinking assets of American enterprise. As he pointed out in his speech, today the unemployment rate is near a ten-year low and the U.S. economy is growing again. In foreign policy Mr. Obama was justified in claiming points for the Iran nuclear agreement; on his watch Cuba was finally brought in from the cold, and the death of Osama bin Laden closed the page on a turbulent chapter of terror on U.S. soil. Mr. Obama, however, was less effective in détente with Russia and China, and his relatively soft approach imbued them with the impunity to challenge Washington across multiple arenas. Yet it is not so much the score that Mr. Obama gets for his achievements and failures that he will be remembered for as much as the man that he was. The U.S.’s first African-American president will be remembered as a thoughtful Commander-in-Chief, a leader who strived to provide a progressive template for being, and a man of the 21st century who was as comfortable with social media and popular culture as he was sensitive to searing pain of victims of gun crime or racial hate. He will be missed.

    1. Soaring (adjective/verb) (ऊंची उड़ान भरना): is to rise or fly high in the air.

    Synonym: Climbing, towering, elevated, ascending

    Antonym: Diminished, boorish, abject, plummeting

    Sentence: The kite was soaring up in the sky.

    2. Regression (noun) (वापसी): refers to an act of going back.

    Synonym: Reversion, relapse, retrogression, throwback

    Antonym: Advancement, development, advance, upturn

    Sentence: Now-a-days, the attitude of the people towards the education and empowerment of girls is quite regressive.

    3. Intractable (adjective) (असभ्य): is something which is very difficult or impossible to control or a difficult person.

    Synonym: Incurable, stubborn, awkward, cantankerous

    Antonym: Willing, manageable, docile, submissive

    Sentence: He is a spoiled brat and completely intractable at times.

    4. Demit (verb) (छोड़ना): is to give up a job or a position by telling your employee that you are leaving it.

    Synonym: Relinquish, abandon, abdicate, cede

    Antonym: Enlist, enter, legacy

    Sentence: The office politics led to demit of an old and a hard working employee.

    5. Debris (noun) (मलबा): the broken or torn pieces of something larger.

    Synonym: Junk, remains, rubbish, rubble

    Antonym: Possessions, neatness, purity, sense

    Sentence: After the bomb blast, people were shocked to the debris of all those who got killed in this attack.

    6. Debacle (noun) (पराजय): refers to complete collapse or failure.

    Synonym: Catastrophe, collapse, crash, devastation

    Antonym: Miracle, attainment, blessing, accomplishment

    Sentence: The debacle of twin towers in the United States is still remembered as one of the brutal acts of terrorism.

    7. Corrosive (adjective) (संक्षारक): refers to the damage caused by the chemical action.

    Synonym: Acerbic, caustic, destructive, incisive

    Antonym: Gentle, kind, nice, fortifying

    Sentence: The bricks broke down into pieces due to the presence of corrosive influence of the poisonous and destructive chemical.

    8. Logjams (noun) (गतिरोध): is a situation where a large number of logs are floating down a river and becomes tangled or a situation which seems to be completely irresolvable.

    Synonym: Lag, setback, cunctation, detention

    Antonym: Continuation, advance, promotion, support

    Sentence: The entire team felt that a new initiative is required to break the logjam.

    9. Polarization (noun) (चुंबक बनाने की क्रिया): refers to a division of a substance which is divided into two sharply contrasting groups or sets or opinions.

    Synonym: Dissemination, emission, diffraction, diffusion

    Antonym: Collection, convergence, concentration, confluence

    Sentence: The wave theory of light can be very much explained with the help of polarization.

    10. Détente (noun) (विश्राम): refers to an improvement in the relationship between two countries that in the past were not friendly and did not trust each other.

    Synonym: Amity, harmony, tranquility, truce

    Antonym: None

    Sentence: It is unarguably true that the détente with Pakistan will surely improve the relation and business amongst these two countries.

    Question (1-5): Answer the following as directed.

    1. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘imbued’(सोखा जाना)
    1. Confuse
    2. Drain
    3. Infuse
    4. Gain
    5. Other than those given in options

    Solution: Option (3)

    Explanation: The given word means to saturate or soak. Hence, from theabove-given options, option (3) is a right choice as the synonym of the word.

    2. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘buckling’ (झुकना)
    1. Fold
    2. Flatten
    3. Smooth
    4. Crook
    5. Other than those given in options

    Solution: Option (1)

    Explanation: The given word refers to fastening together of the two loose ends. So, from the given options, option (1) is the correct choice as the synonym of the word.

    3. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘turbulent’ (फसादी)
    1. Mild
    2. Bumpy
    3. Moderate
    4. Pacifist
    5. Other than those given in options

    Solution: Option (2)

    Explanation: The given word refers to a state of agitation or turmoil. So, from the given options, option (3) is an apt choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.

    4. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘seminal’(उपजाऊ)
    1. Additional
    2. Unbeneficial
    3. Uncreative
    4. Critical
    5. Other than those given in options

    Solution: Option (4)

    Explanation: The given word depicts to strongly influencing later developments or related to donating semen. So, from the given options, option (4) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.

    5. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘simmering’(कम ताप)
    1. Erupting
    2. Heated
    3. Ogling
    4. Progressing
    5. Other than those given in options

    Solution: Option (2)

    Explanation: The given word refers to cook something at a temperature slightly below or low temperature.Therefore, option (2) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.

    Word of the Day

    Adumbrate

    Meaning (English) – is to give only the main facts and not the details about something.

    Meaning (Hindi) – छाया डालना/  पूर्वाभास देना

    Synonyms – Foretell, intimate

    Antonyms – Illuminate, descriptive

    Example – The teacher adumbrated the points which were

    expected to come in the exam.

    उदाहरण - शिक्षक ने परीक्षा में पूछे जाने वाले संभावित प्रश्नों (विदुओं ) को  छायांकित किया.

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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