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Haloalkanes and Haloarenes (Part-2)

Jan 28, 2013 12:40 IST
    Haloalkanes and Haloarenes (Part-2)
    Haloalkanes and Haloarenes (Part-2)

    The solubility of Haloalkanes in the water is very less as compare to organic solvent. In order for a haloalkane to dissolve in water, energy is required to overcome the attractions between the haloalkane molecules and break the hydrogen bonds between water molecules.

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    Less energy is released when new attractions are set up between the haloalkane and the water molecules as these are not as strong as the original hydrogen bonds in water. As a result, the solubility of haloalkanes in water is low. However, Haloalkanes tend to dissolve in organic solvents because the new intermolecular attractions between haloalkanes and solvent molecules have much the same strength as the ones being broken in the separate haloalkane and solvent molecules.

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