How will Swayam and Swayam Prabha programs help India become literate?
The main agenda of launching Swayam and Swayam Prabha programs is to make education accessible across the country, even in remote areas.
President Pranab Mukherjee on Sunday launched two programmes to take education to the remotest corners of the country with the help of technology. He also launched a 'National Academic Depository' where verified educational records would be digitally stored by universities or a board to counter forgery.
The programmes Swayam and Swayam Prabha - for making education more accessible - and the depository were conceived and executed by the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
What is Swayam?
Swayam scheme would be offered through digital classrooms with online study material available free of cost in videos. Students who want certification will have to be registered and then offered a certificate on the completion of the course for a nominal fee, the Swayam website states.
"They would have the opportunity to raise queries which would be answered in real time," Minister of Human Resource Development Prakash Javadekar said.
Students would be assessed through proctored examination and the marks/grades secured in this exam would be transferred to their academic record, according to the website.
Swayam Prabha- Tapping into the potential of Direct to Home Service
A person can install a dish antenna for about Rs 1,500 and have access to 32 digital educational channels run by the HRD Ministry.
Every day, there would be new content for at least four hours which would be repeated five times in a day, allowing students to choose the time of their convenience, Additional Secretary in UGC Pankaj Mittal said.
The course content would cover almost every aspect of education in various fields from class nine and will include preparatory courses for institutes such as the IITs.
President Mukherjee's opinion on education
Mukherjee has always emphasised on the "quality" of teaching and learning process in higher educational institutions. He has stated that mere physical expansion might provide access but without physical infrastructure and quality teachers, the talent which is hidden in the young minds would not get the opportunity to blossom.
The president also opines there are huge differences in the quality of education in urban and rural areas, between the states and in educational institutions within a state.
Underlining the need for making quality study material available in regional languages, he said pupils studying in regional mediums in schools found it difficult when material for higher education was in an alien language.
Inputs from PTI