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IAS Prelims 2014: How to prepare Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability

Mar 11, 2014 17:00 IST

    IAS Prelims 2014 Exam is nearing in and barely 5 months are left for the exam which is scheduled to be conducted on 24 August 2014. The IAS Prelims Exam consists of two papers: General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II. Civil Services Aptitude Test was introduced from 2011 and since then Paper II has attracted major focus of the candidates preparing for Civil Services. The Syllabus for IAS Prelims Exam lists Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability as one of its important components.

    Focus Areas:

    The questions that have been asked in the IAS Prelims Exam from Logical Reasoning section are related to the following topics:

    •    Coding Decoding
    •    Seating Arrangement
    •    Syllogism: Syllogism includes few Statements that start with “all”, “none”, “some” and are followed by Conclusions out of which the correct ones have to be selected
    •    Blood Relations
    •    Series Completion: These can include numbers, letters or images.
    •    Logical Connectives: Statements include “Only, if”, “if, then” etc
    •    Venn diagrams

    The area of Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability is new for the candidates and its pattern in the exam is not very clear. But a closer look at the question papers of past three years helps us to understand the trend to a considerable extent. The strategy for this section for IAS Prelims can be formulated accordingly.


    •    A large number of questions are being asked from logical reasoning section which means that the candidates must prepare it very well for the IAS prelims Exam.
    •    As this area is new to the Exam, the questions are of moderate difficulty level and can be tackled through practice.
    •    Time Management is the most important ingredient for this section. Speed and accuracy are required simultaneously for scoring well in this section.
    •    Practise as many questions as possible from sample papers and text books. The sample papers can be accessed through Jagranjosh also.
    •    Many textbooks are available in the market out of which the candidate can select any one like RS Aggarwal, Arihant, Tata Mc Graw Hill etc and practice as many questions as possible from that book.

    To take online test on Logical Reasoning, Click Here.

    For all exam preparation related doubts and queries, refer to of Myjosh.

    Some previous years questions are given below:

    Q. The music director of a film wants to select four persons to work on "different aspects of the composition of a piece of music. Seven persons are available for this work; they are Rohit, Tanya, Shobha, Kaushal, Kunal, Mukesh and J aswant. Rohit and Tanya will not work together. Kunal and Shobha will not work together. Mukesh and Kunal want to work together.
    Which of the following is the most acceptable group .of people that can be selected by the music director?
    a) Rohit, Shobha, Kunal and Kaushal
    b) Tanya, Kaushal, Shobha and Rohit
    c) Tanya, Mukesh, Kunal and Jaswant
    d) Shobha, Tanya, Rohit and Mukesh
    Ans: c

    Q. Examine the following statements:
    1. Only those who have a pair of binoculars can become the members of the birdwatcher's club.
    2. Some members of the birdwatcher's club have cameras.
    3. Those members who have cameras can, take part in photo-contests.
    Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from the above statements?
    (a) All those who have a' pair of binoculars are members of the birdwatcher's club.
    (b) All members of the birdwatcher's club have a pair of binoculars.
    (c) All those who take part in photo-contests are members of the birdwatcher's club.
    (d) No conclusion can be drawn.
    Ans: b

    Q. Gita is prettier than Sita but not as pretty as Rita. Then,
    (a) Sita is not as pretty as Gita.
    (b) Sita is prettier than Rita.
    (c). Rita is not as pretty as Gita.
    (d) Gita is prettier than Rita.
    Ans: a

    Q. Consider the following argument:
    "In, order to be a teacher one must graduate from college. All poets are poor. Some Mathematicians are poets. No college graduate is poor."
    Which one of the following is not a valid conclusion regarding the above argument?
    (a) Some Mathematicians are not teachers.
    (b) Some teachers are not Mathematicians.
    (c) Teachers are not poor.
    (d) Poets are not teachers.
    Ans: b

    Q. In a queue, Mr. X is fourteenth from the front and Mr. Y is seventeenth from the end, while Mr. Z is exactly in between Mr. X and Mr. Y. If Mr. X is ahead Mr. Y and there are 48 persons in the queue, how many persons are then between Mr. X and Mr. Z?
    (a) 6
    (b) 7
    (c) 8
    (d) 9
    Ans: c

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