IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 15 February 2018
Current affairs for IAS Prelims Exam based on the important topics of recent time will be much helpful for the IAS Prelims Exam 2018 which is to be held on 3 June 2018.
Questions based on the recent events are much essential for IAS Prelims Exam. Every year, a number of questions used to ask from the current events in IAS Prelims Exam. The IAS aspirants have to cover important topics on daily basis so, that they can cover the most important topics for IAS Exam.
1. Recently, which country launched the ‘Progress MS-08’ unmanned cargo ship to the International Space Station?
b. United States of America
On February 13, 2018, Russian space agency (Roscosmos) launched the unmanned cargo ship Progress MS-08 to resupply the International Space Station (ISS). Loaded with three tons of food, fuel and supplies, the spacecraft was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. It was launched on-board the Soyuz 2-1A rocket. Besides the supplies, the cargo ship carrying the equipment for the German-Russian ICARUS research project, which is aimed at studying wildlife-migration patterns.
The Progress 69 cargo vehicle will dock automatically to the aft port of the Zvezda service module of the ISS on February 15, 2018. The spacecraft will remain in the orbiting laboratory until August 2018.
At present, the ISS is orbiting at a distance of 400 kilometres from the Earth. It is manned by six astronauts from the USA, Russia and Japan.
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2. Which of the following States in India did not elect any women representative in the Assembly?
Even after 54 years of statehood and 12 assembly elections, Nagaland is yet to see any woman representative in the Assembly. The state is set to go to polls on February 27 and the results will be announced on March 3. Of the 195 candidates vying for a seat in the 60-member Assembly this time, five are women. While Wedie-u Kronu and Mangyangpula are contesting the polls on National People’s Party (NPP) tickets from Dimapur-III and Noksen Assembly constituencies, Rakhila is a BJP nominee from Tuensang Sadar-II seat.
3. Recently, Brazil is planning to get a full membership of OECD. Consider the following statements regarding the OECD:
1. The OECD is a bloc of 35 member countries that together account for 62 per cent of global GDP and around two-third of international trade.
2. At present, the US, Canada, Mexico and Chile are the only full members from the Americas.
3. It wields important influence over decisions by other international bodies, including the World Trade Organisation.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a. 1 only
b. 1 and 2
c. 2 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3
Brazil will intensify negotiations in a bid to enter the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), an official statement said. Brazil will strengthen its delegation to the OECD from March to meet the requirements for being a full member; Xinhua quoted the statement as saying. At present, the US, Canada, Mexico and Chile are the only full members from the Americas. The OECD is a bloc of 35 member countries that together account for 62 per cent of global GDP and around two-third of international trade.
It wields important influence over decisions by other international bodies, including the World Trade Organisation. To apply for full membership, Brazil must show that it has met the 237 recommendations of the OECD. The government said Brazil has met only 36 so far.
4. World’s largest glasshouse to reopen in May 2018 located in which of the following city?
b. New York
d. Singapore city
London’s Temperate House, home to some rare plant species, will once again welcome visitors following a lengthy facelift. “Temperate House” in London’s Kew Gardens is large enough to house three jumbo jets and was home to around 1,000 species of plants from around the world before it was shut in 2013 after falling into a state of disrepair. The wrought iron and glass structure were designed by esteemed Victorian architect Decimus Burton in 1860 and opened in 1863. The facelift required the removal of 69,000 individual elements to be cleaned, repaired or replaced and the restoration of 15,000 panes of glass.
Enough paint to cover four football pitches was used to spruce up the huge iron columns, and Kew expects hundreds of thousands of visitors to pass through its doors annually after reopening in May.
5. It is with this country, India recently signed an agreement to operationalise a strategic petroleum reserve in Mangalore.
a. Saudi Arabia
b. United Arab Emirates
In February 2018, an agreement was signed between Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Ltd (ISPRL) and Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) to operationalise the filling up of a strategic petroleum reserve cavern in Mangalore. The agreement was signed during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The ADNOC is the state-owned oil company of the UAE.
As part of the agreement, the ADNOC will invest about USD 400 million by way of storing crude in an underground rock cavern in Mangalore. The storage facility will have a capacity of 5.86 million barrels. The period of storage will be for three years with an automatic extension of up to four years.
With this agreement, the UAE has become the first country to participate in India’s Strategic Petroleum Reserves Programme. The oil storage facility will help boost India’s energy security, as well as enable ADNOC to efficiently and competitively meet market demand in India and across the fast developing southeast Asian economies.
About Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Limited (ISPRL)
To ensure energy security, the Union Government had decided to set up 5 million metric tons (MMT) of strategic crude oil storages at three locations namely, Visakhapatnam, Mangalore and Padur (near Udupi). These strategic storages would be in addition to the existing storages of crude oil and petroleum products with the oil companies and would serve as a cushion during any external supply disruptions.
The construction of the Strategic Crude Oil Storage facilities is being managed by Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Limited (ISPRL). It is a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) and a subsidiary of the Oil Industry Development Board (OIDB) under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.
The crude oil storages are constructed in underground rock caverns and are located on the East and West coast of India. Crude oil from these caverns can be supplied to the Indian Refineries either through pipelines or through a combination of pipelines and ships. Underground rock caverns are considered the safest means of storing hydrocarbons. The estimated cost of the project was around Rs.2400 crore at September 2005 prices.