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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 19 January 2018

Jan 19, 2018 15:00 IST
    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 19 January 2018
    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 19 January 2018

    To clear the IAS Exam, continuous efforts to master the current affairs component are a must. To answer current affairs based questions in prelims, one should not only have the preliminary information about the current events, but also the clarity about the issues and concepts involved.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    To cater to this need of IAS Exam aspirants, Jagran Josh is providing five important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) on a daily basis. The questions cover important current affairs events in the fields of economy, national, India-World relations, science and technology, environment, etc. Answers along with detailed explanations to the questions will help the aspirants in answering further questions on the given topic in all the phases of the exam – Preliminary, Mains written and Personality Test.

    IAS Exam Current Affairs Prelims Practice MCQs for 19 January 2018 are as given below.

    1. Consider the following statements related to the Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA) that was in the news recently.
    a) The programme aims at providing antenatal and postnatal services to women at free of cost.
    b) It involves the participation of medical professionals from both public and private sectors.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. b

    Explanation:

    The Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA) was in the news in the third week of January 2018 as over one crore antenatal checkups were performed as part of the programme. Out of these 1 crore checkups, more than 25 lakh checkups were conducted in high priority districts identified by the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare for focussed attention.

    Maharashtra has reported the largest number of checkups among the Non-Empowered Action Group (EAG) States, while Rajasthan has reported the largest number of checkups among the Empowered Action Group States.

    The eight socioeconomically backward states of Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh are referred to as the Empowered Action Group (EAG) states. They are classified as such, as they lag behind in the demographic transition and have the highest infant mortality rates in the country. The remaining States are classified as the Empowered Action Group States.

    Key objectives of PMSMA are-

    • To provide a healthy life for pregnant women

    • To lower the maternal mortality rate

    • To make pregnant women aware of their health issues and diseases

    • To ensure safe delivery and healthy life of the baby

    Key features of PMSMA are-

    • The programme was formally launched in November 2016. It is applicable to pregnant women only.

    • Symbolizing the 9 months of pregnancy, pregnant women are provided free health checkups on the 9th of every month.

    • These free of cost tests will include blood pressure, sugar level, weight, hemoglobin test, blood test and screening.

    • These prenatal tests are conducted in more than 12,800 government health facilities across the States and Union Territories.

    • In response to the call given by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, more than 4,800 doctors have enrolled themselves as volunteers for the programme. They also committed to the ‘IPledgefor9’ initiative.

    • Based on the clinical conditions and investigations, over 5.50 lakh pregnant women were identified as high risk pregnancies and referred to a specialist or a higher health facility for appropriate care.

    • Identifying high risk pregnancies are the first step towards saving mothers and infants from preventable deaths.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: September 2017

    2. Recently, the 25th meeting of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council was held in New Delhi. Against this backdrop, consider the following statements.
    1) The GST Council has the authority to decrease tax rates only. It cannot increase tax rates.
    2) The GST Council is headed by the Prime Minister.
    3) At present, there are four tax slabs in the GST.
    4) Education, health care, metro and local train travel are exempt from the GST.

    Which of the above statements is/are true?
    a) 1 and 2 only
    b) 2, 3 and 4 only
    c) 3 and 4 only
    d) None of them

    Answer. c

    Explanation:

    On 18 January 2018, the 25th meeting of the GST Council was held in New Delhi. The meeting was attended by the Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and finance ministers/representatives of 29 States and two Union Territories with legislatures (Delhi and Puducherry).

    In the meeting, the GST Council reduced tax rates on 82 items. The Council also gave its approval for introducing measures against tax evasion and filing simple GST returns.
    At present there are four GST Rates. They are 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%. Education, health care, third tier railway travel, metro travel, local train travel and religious travel, including Hajj are exempt from the GST.

    About GST Council

    • The President Pranab Mukherjee approved the Constitution (One Hundred and First Amendment) Act, 2016 in September 2016.

    • The Act, amended various provisions of the Constitution paving way for the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) across the country.

    • As per Article 279A (1) of the amended Constitution, the GST Council has to be constituted by the President within 60 days of the commencement of Article 279A.

    • The Council is the apex body that takes decisions on all important decisions related to the GST, including items and rates. It has the power to increase and decrease tax rates.

    • The Union Finance Minister is the Chairperson of the council.

    • The Union Minister of State, in-charge of the Revenue in the Finance Ministry, and the Minister in-charge of finance or taxation or any other Minister nominated by each State Government are the members of the council.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: August 2017

    3. Consider the following statements related to the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) that was in the news recently.
    1) It has the authority to fix and revise the prices of controlled bulk drugs and formulations.
    2) It has the authority to recover amounts overcharged by the manufacturers of the controlled drugs from the consumers.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. c

    Explanation:

    The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) on 17 January 2018 fixed the retail price for 30 drug formulations, including those used for treatment of diabetes, bacterial infections and high blood pressure. It has also revised the prices of three formulations, including that of anti cancer drug—Gemcitabine

    About NPPA

    • It was set up in 1997 as an independent body of experts by the Union Cabinet.

    • Under the Drugs (Prices Control) Order 1995, it enforces prices and availability of the medicines in the country. The Order was issued under the Essential Commodities Act, 1955.

    • The NPPA is entrusted with the task of recovering amounts overcharged by manufacturers of the controlled drugs from the consumers.

    • It also monitors the prices of decontrolled drugs in order to keep them at reasonable levels.

    How the prices are fixed and regulated?

    • The prices of essential drugs are fixed on the basis of the simple average of all medicines in a particular therapeutic segment, having sales of more than 1%.

    • It regulates the prices of all other medicines. However, the companies are allowed to hike prices of such drugs by up to 10% in a year.

    • Only 74 out of about 500 commonly used bulk drugs are kept under statutory price control. All formulations containing these bulk drugs either in a single or combination form fall under price controlled category.

    • The prices of non-scheduled drugs (drugs not under direct price control) can also be regulated by the NPPA, if warranted in the public interest.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: July 2017

    4. As a major boost to ‘Make in India’ in Defence, the Defence Acquisition Council, has cleared a simplified ‘Make-II’ procedure which will enable greater participation of industry in acquisition of defence equipment. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The potential ‘Make-II’ projects will be approved by a collegiate comprising of DRDO, HQ (IDS), Department of Defence under a committee chaired by Secretary (Defence Production).
    2. The simplified ‘Make-II’ procedure will amend the existing ‘Make Procedure’ in Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP)-2016.
    3. One of the features of Make-II project is that the projects involving developmental cost of less than three crores will be reserved for MSME.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 2 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer. b

    Explanation:

    As a major boost to ‘Make in India’ in Defence, the Defence Acquisition Council in its meeting on 16 January 2018, has cleared a simplified ‘Make-II’ procedure which will enable greater participation of industry in acquisition of defence equipment. This process will greatly help import substitution and promote innovative solutions. This simplified ‘Make-II’ procedure will amend the existing ‘Make Procedure’ in Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP)-2016.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    5. Recently, world's biggest flooded cave found in which of the following countries?
    a. Mexico
    b. USA
    c. Japan
    d. Canada

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    Recently, a group of divers has connected two underwater caverns in eastern Mexico to reveal what is believed to be the biggest flooded cave on the planet, a discovery that could help shed new light on the ancient Maya civilization.

    The Gran Acuifero Maya (GAM), a project dedicated to the study and preservation of the subterranean waters of the Yucatan peninsula, said the 347-km cave was identified after months of exploring a maze of underwater channels. Near the beach resort of Tulum, the group found that the cave system known as Sac Actun, once measured at 263 km, communicated with the 83-km Dos Ojos system, the GAM said in a statement. For that reason, Sac Actun now absorbs Dos Ojos.

    IAS Preparation Questions- 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

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