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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 21 February 2018

Feb 21, 2018 12:55 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 21 February 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 21 February 2018

    IAS preparation needs an integrated approach so that an IAS aspirant can prepare for IAS Prelims Exam and IAS Mains Exam simultaneously. Here we have provided current affair questions which are simultaneously important for IAS Prelims Exam and IAS Mains Exam.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved India-Morocco Cooperation Agreement in Railway Sector. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The MoU facilitate exchange of technical experts, reports and technical documents, training and seminars/workshops focusing on specific technology areas and other interactions for knowledge sharing.
    2. The identified areas under cooperation include high-speed corridors, speed raising of existing routes, development of world-class stations, heavy haul operations and modernization of rail infrastructure, etc.
    3. The Cooperation Agreement was signed on 14th December 2017.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Union Cabinet has given its ex-post facto approval to the Cooperation Agreement between India and the Moroccan National Railways Office (ONCF) to develop long-term cooperation and partnership in different areas of railway sector. The Cooperation Agreement was signed on 14th December 2017.

    The Cooperation Agreement will enable technical cooperation in the following areas:-

    • Training and staff development;

    • Expert missions, exchange of experience and personnel; and

    • Mutual technical assistance, including exchanging of experts.

    Background:

    Ministry of Railways has signed MOUs for technical cooperation in the Rail sector with various foreign Governments and National Railways. The identified areas of cooperation include high-speed corridors, speed raising of existing routes, development of world-class stations, heavy haul operations and modernization of rail infrastructure, etc. The cooperation is achieved through the exchange of information on developments in areas of railways technology & operations, knowledge sharing, technical visits, training & seminars and workshops in areas of mutual interest.

    The MoUs provide a platform for Indian Railways to interact and share the latest developments and knowledge in the railway sector. The MoUs facilitate exchange of technical experts, reports and technical documents, training and seminars/workshops focusing on specific technology areas and other interactions for knowledge sharing.

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    2. State Cabinet of which of the following States has approved new medical policy where vaccination certificate will become mandatory for school admission?
    a. Haryana
    b. Kerala
    c. Gujarat
    d. Uttar Pradesh

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    In Kerala, certificate of vaccination will become mandatory for school admission. The Kerala cabinet approved a draft Medical Policy on 20 February 2018. According to the draft Medical Policy, it is necessary for all students seeking admission to produce a vaccination card.

    A few major highlights in the draft policy apart from the mandatory vaccination card include autonomy for the state-run medical colleges, primary health centres in the state to function till 6 pm, separate clinics for transgender, and a training programme for the common public who will be trained in trauma care so as to act quickly when an accident occurs.

    According to the prevalent basic health protocol in Kerala, vaccination for babies starting from two months includes against diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, measles, mumps, rubella and polio.

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    3. Recently, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved Silkyara Bend-Barkot Tunnel in Uttarakhand as part of ‘Chardham Mahamarg Pariyojana’. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The project aims at the construction of 4.531 Km long two-lane Bi-Directional tunnel (along with 328m approach road) with escape passage on Dharasu –Yamunotri in the State of Uttarakhand.
    2. The construction of this tunnel will provide all-weather connectivity to Yamunotri, one of the Dhams on Chardham Yatra, encouraging regional socio-economic development, trade and tourism within the country.
    3. The project will be built on Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) Mode which is under NH (O) Scheme of Ministry of RT&H and forms part of ambitious Chardham Plan.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has given its approval to the construction of 4.531 km long 2-Lane Bi-Directional Silkyara Bend - Barkot Tunnel with escape passage including approaches on Dharasu -Yamunotri section between Chainage 25.400 Km. and Chainage 51.000 Km in Uttarakhand.

    The project will be falling along NH-134 (old NH-94) in the State of Uttarakhand.  The project will be built on Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) Mode. This is funded under NH (O) Scheme of Ministry of RT&H and forms part of ambitious Chardham Plan.

    The construction period of the project is 4 years. The civil construction cost of the project is estimated at Rs. 1119.69 crore, while the total project cost is Rs. 1383.78 crore, which is inclusive of the cost towards Land Acquisition & Rehabilitation and other pre-construction activities as well as Maintenance and Operation cost of the tunnel for 4 years.

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    4. Recently, the Union Cabinet gave its approval for the creation of National Urban Housing Fund. Against this backdrop, consider the following statements related to the fund.
    1. The fund will be managed by the Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council.
    2. The fund will be created at an estimated cost of Rs 60,000 crores.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. c

    Explanation:

    On 20 February 2018, the Union Cabinet gave its approval for the creation of National Urban Housing Fund (NUHF). The decision was taken at a meeting of the Cabinet, which was chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

    The Rs.60,000 crores fund will be managed by the Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC). The BMTPC is an autonomous body under the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. It was registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.

    NUHF will facilitate raising the requisite funds in next four years so that flow of Central Assistance under different verticals of the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) - Beneficiary Linked Construction (BLC), Affordable Housing in Partnership (AHP), In-Situ Slum Redevelopment (ISSR) and Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme (CLSS) - are sustained.

    The Union Government has so far sanctioned 39.4 lakh houses under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban). The target is to cater to the demand of housing shortage of nearly 1.2 crore and make an available housing to all by 2022 when India celebrates its 75th anniversary of independence.

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    5.  Recently proposed Mahanadi Water Disputes Tribunal will adjudicate disputes between these two States.
    a. Chhattisgarh and Odisha
    b. Odisha and Andhra Pradesh
    c. Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
    d. Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    On 20 February 2018, the Union Cabinet gave its approval for the proposal for the adjudication of disputes on Mahanadi River Waters by a tribunal. The decision was taken at a meeting of the Cabinet, which was chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

    The tribunal shall determine water sharing among two basin States – Odisha and Chattisgarh - on the basis of the overall availability of water in the complete Mahanadi basin, the contribution of each State, the present utilization of water resources in each State and the potential for future development.

    The tribunal was constituted as per the provisions of the Inter-State River Water Disputes (ISRWD) Act, 1956. The tribunal shall consist of a chairman and two other members nominated by the Chief Justice of India from amongst the Judges of the Supreme Court or High Court.

    Further, the services of two water resources experts, who have experience in handling sensitive water-related issues, will be provided to advise the tribunal in its proceedings.

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