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IAS Questions for Prelims: 8 January 2018

Jan 10, 2018 13:09 IST
    IAS Questions for Prelims: 8 January 2018
    IAS Questions for Prelims: 8 January 2018

    IAS preparation needs immense hard work that should be based on the smart work of IAS aspirants. While doing preparation for IAS Prelims Exam, an IAS aspirant should prepare the current affairs topics on daily basis and simultaneously, they should practice current affairs questions based on those topics. Such smart exercise of doing IAS preparation will lead to scoring better at all phases of IAS Exam.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    Here, we have current affairs for IAS based on the topics published on the most authentic sources of IAS preparation.

    1. Consider the following statements related to ‘Pratyush’ supercomputer that was unveiled recently.

    1) It is India’s first and fastest multi-petaflops supercomputer.

    2) It will be located at the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) in Pune.

    Which of the above statements is/are true?

    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:
    The Union Minister of Earth Sciences Harsh Vardhan on 8 January 2017 dedicated the ‘Pratyush’ super computer to the nation at the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) in Pune. It is India’s first and fastest multi-petaflops supercomputer.
    The ‘Pratyush’, which means the Sun, is a High Performance Computer (HPC). It will be a national facility for improving weather and climate forecasts and services under the umbrella of the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES).
    The establishment of ‘Pratyush’ is a part of the Union Ministry’s continuous endeavor to provide world-class forecast services through upgrading various operational and research activities and infrastructure.
    The dedicated HPC facility is much needed for a country like India, which is prone to  multiple weather and climatic conditions like the monsoon, extreme events, Tsunamis, Cyclones, earthquakes, air quality, lightning, fishing, hot - cold waves, flood, and drought.

    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 1 to 5 January 2018

    2. Consider the following statements related to BharatNet project that was in the news recently.

    1) It seeks to provide broadband connectivity to all 2.5 Lakh Gram Panchayats in the country.
    2) It is implemented by National Informatics Centre (NIC).
    3) It is world’s largest rural broadband connectivity programme using Optical fibre.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?

    a) 1 and 2
    b) 2 and 3
    c) 1 and 3
    d) 1, 2 and 3

    Answer. C

    Explanation:

    The BharatNet project was in news recently as over one lakh Gram Panchayats (GP) across the country were connected with high-speed optical fiber by the end of 2017 under the phase 1 of the project. BharatNet was launched in October 2011 by the Union Government to provide broadband connectivity to all 2.5 Lakh Gram Panchayats spread across the country. Once completed, it will be the world’s largest rural broadband connectivity programme using Optical fibre. The project was given a new push under the Digital India programme of the NDA II Government. It is implemented by Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL).

    BharatNet Phase 1: Highlights

    • BharatNet seeks to provide affordable broadband services to citizens and institutions in rural and remote areas, in partnership with States and the private sector.
    • Under Phase 1 of the project, as on 31st Dec 2017, 2,54,895 km Optical Fibre Cable (OFC) has been laid covering 1,09,926 Gram Panchayats (GPs) out of which 1,01,370 GPs have been made Service Ready.
    • The BharatNet project has also achieved a worldwide record of laying of 800 km of optical fiber per day.
    • The completion of Phase-I on time has given a boost to Make-in-India as the key highlight of the project is that the telecom equipment deployed in it has been fully designed, developed and manufactured in India.

    3. Consider the following statements related to e-Sansad and e-Vidhan initiatives that were in the news recently.

    1) They seek to make the functioning of Parliament and State Legislatures paperless.
    2) Union Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation is the nodal ministry for implementation of both the projects.
    3) The funding for the project is provided by the Union and State Governments equally.

    Which of the above statments is/are true?

    a) 1 only
    b) 3 only
    c) 1 and 2
    d) 1, 2 and 3

    Answer. a

    Explanation:

    The e-Sansad and e-Vidhan initiatives were in the news in early January 2018 as they were discussed by the 18th All India Whips’ Conference. The conference was held for two days in Udaipur, Rajasthan.

    Highlights of e-Sansad and e-Vidhan

    • e-Sansad and e-Vidhan are mission mode projects of Union Government under Digital India initiative  to make the functioning of Parliament and State Legislatures paperless respectively.
    • Union Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs (MoPA) is the Nodal Ministry for implementation of both the projects.
    • Once completed, these projects will make the functioning of Parliament and State Legislatures participative, responsive, transparent, productive and more accountable to the public and make the entire Legislative process more efficient.
    • This environment friendly initiative is also in line with the ‘Go Green’ initiative of the Government.
    • In order to economize the entire legislative process, e-Vidhan is proposed to be implemented in all the States and UTs with Legislatures.
    • For rolling out e-Vidhan in the State legislatures, funding to the maximum extent will be provided by the MoPA.

    Indian Economy for IAS Exam 2018

    4. Consider the following statements related to Gold & ICON missions that were in the news recently.

    1) The missions will be launched by the NASA in January 2018.
    2) They seek to explore the traces of extraterrestrial life on Mars.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?

    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. a

    Explanation:

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) on 4 January 2018 announced to launch two missions – GOLD & ICON - to explore 60 miles (96 KM) of area above Earth's surface.

    The Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission will be launched aboard a commercial communications satellite in January 2018 itself, while the other mission Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) will be launched later in 2018.

    About Gold Mission

    • It will focus on observing what drives change- Sun, Earth's magnetic field and the lower atmosphere in the upper atmosphere.
    • GOLD mission will explore how the upper atmosphere reacts to geomagnetic storms, which are temporary disturbances of Earth's magnetic field due to solar activity.
    • At night-time, GOLD will examine disruptions in the ionosphere, which are dense, unpredictable bubbles of charged gas that appear over the equator and tropics and interfere with radio communications.

    About ICON Mission

    • It will concentrate on how charged and neutral gases in the upper atmosphere behave and interact.
    • It was particularly designed to study forces like neutral winds, pressure gradients and solar activity individually, making it easier for scientists to elucidate cause-and-effect relationships.

    5. It is with this country, the Union Cabinet gave its approval for an agreement on land border crossing recently.

    a) Bangladesh
    b) Myanmar
    c) Nepal
    d) Bhutan

    Answer. (b) Myanmar

    On 3 January 2018, the Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the agreement between India and Myanmar on Land Border Crossing. The agreement seeks to facilitate regulation and harmonization of already existing free movement rights for people ordinarily residing in the border areas of both the nations. It will also facilitate the movement of people on the basis of valid passports and visas, which will enhance economic and social interaction between the two countries.

    Highlights of India-Myanmar Agreement

    • The agreement enables arrangement for movement of people across India-Myanmar border.
    • The agreement will provide connectivity and enhance the interaction of the people of the North Eastern States of India with the people of Myanmar.
    • It is also expected to give a boost to the economy of the North East and allow the region to leverage its geographical connections with Myanmar to boost trade and people to people ties.
    The pact will safeguard the traditional rights of the tribal communities residing along the border that are accustomed to free movement across the land border.

    Most Important Government Schemes II for IAS Exam 2018

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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