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IBPS Specialist Officers Exam: Reasoning-Alphabet Test-Concept & Sample Questions

Jan 7, 2016 14:29 IST

    IBPS is all set to conduct common written examination for recruitment of Specialist Officers. The IBPS SO Exam 2016 will be conducted in the last week of January.

    The banking team of jagranjosh.com has come up with concept and sample questions for Alphabet Test (Reasoning). The concept provided by us will help you to understand the topic. The sample questions offered by us are framed by keeping in view need of the question paper.

    Type 1 Alphabetical Order of words

    Here, we have to arrange letter-words according to alphabets or dictionary.

    Example 1 If the letters in each of following five words are first rearranged in the alphabetical order, and then the groups of letters, so formed are rearrarged as in a dictionary. Which word would have its group of letters in the middle among the five?

    (a) Road

    (b) Deaf

    (c) Code

    (d) Lack

     (e) Meet

    Solution: (a) Arranging given words according to given conditions

    Road    Deaf    Code    Lack     Meet

    ador     adef     cdeo    ackl      eemt

    ackl      adef     ador     cdeo    eemt

    Hence, the required word is Road.

    Type 2 Letter-word Problem

    Example 2 How many such pairs of letters are there in the word CORPORATE each of which has as many letters in the same sequence between them in the word as in the English alphabet?

    (a) None

    (b) One

    (c) Two

    (d) Three

    (e) More than three

    Solution: (d) Here

     C 0 R P 0 R A T E

    Hence, there are three such pairs PR, RT and OP.

    Example 3 If the letters are there in word BACKLASH each of which is as far away from the beginning of the word, as it is from the beginning of the English alphabet?

    (a) None

    (b) One

    (c) Two

    (d) Three

    (e) Morethanthree

    Solution: (c) Here,

    B A C K L A S H

    A B C D E F G H

    Hence, there are two such pairs.      

    Type 3 Alphabetical Quibble

    Here, a letter-series or letter | number | symbol series is given and candidate is required to trace the letters satisfying the certain given conditions as regard their positions in the given sequence

    Directions (Examples 4 to 5): Each of the following questions is based on the following alphabet series.
    A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

    Example 4 Which letter will be eight to the right of the third letter of the second half oy the English alphabet?

    (a) V

    (b) T

    (c) U

    (d) Y

    (e) X

    Solution: (e) Second half has letters from N to Z. The third letter of second half = P
    Now, 8th letter to the right of P = X.

    Type 4 Word Formation using Letters of a Given Word

    Here, candidate is required to select the desired letters. Then, he/she has to make meaningful words using these letters.

    Example 5 If it is possible to make one neaningful word with the second, the third, the sixth and the eight letters of the word FRAGMENi, using each letter only once, then which of the following will be the third of that word ? If no such word can be formed, give ‘X’ as the answer and if more than one such words con be formed; then give ‘y’ as the answerr

    (1) A

    (2) E

    (3) T

    (4) X

    (5) Y

    Solution: (e) Desired letters are R, A, E and T respectively.

    Now, three meaningful words can be formed as

    RATE, TEAR, TARE

    Sample Questions with Solutions and Explanations

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