ISC Class 12 Commerce Syllabus 2022-23: Download Class 12th Commerce Syllabus PDF

ISC Class 12 Commerce Syllabus 2023: Commerce is a popular elective subject for ISC Class 12 students. Check here the full ISC Class 12th Commerce syllabus for both theory and project work for the 2022-23 exam session and download PDF.

ISC Board Class 12th Commerce Syllabus for 2022-23 Session Year: Download Free PDF
ISC Board Class 12th Commerce Syllabus for 2022-23 Session Year: Download Free PDF

ISC Class 12th Commerce Syllabus 2023: In simple terms, commerce is the exchange of valuable goods and services between businesses. It’s an act as old as civilization. We started with the barter system and deal in digital currencies today, all thanks to continuously evolving commerce. ISC Class 12 also offers Commerce (Code: 857) as an elective subject to students. Commerce is usually opted alongside Accounts and Business Studies by students looking to pursue a career in finance and trade industries. The ISC Class 12 Commerce syllabus introduces many important topics like management, financing, and marketing. The ISC Commerce syllabus is expansive and teaches students all the essential concepts of the subject. Commerce is an important course in ISC Class 12, and with the exams on the horizon, check out the ISC Board Class 12 Commerce syllabus here to make sure you haven’t missed preparing any topics. Read and download the latest and revised ISC Class 12 Commerce Syllabus 2023 in pdf format here.

ISC Class 12th Datesheet 2023: Check the full date sheet with the guidelines here

ISC Board Class 12 Commerce Syllabus 2023

The ISC Class 12 Commerce subject is divided into two papers: theory and project work. The Paper 1: Theory carries 80 marks and the duration will be 3 hours. The Project Work will carry 20 marks. Check here the ISC Board Class 12 Commerce Syllabus.

PAPER - I (THEORY) – 80 Marks

  1. Business Environment

Concept and importance of Business Environment.

Meaning, features and importance of Business Environment;

Dimensions of Business Environment – Micro (Internal and External factors) and Macro (Economic, social, technological, political and legal) – meaning and components.

S.W.O.T. Analysis - A basic understanding of S.W.O.T. (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threat) Analysis.

  1. Financing

(i) Capital: Sources of finance for sole trader; partnership; Joint Stock Company; financial planning.

Importance of finance for business. Sources of finance for different types of business firms. Meaning, features and importance of financial planning. Factors affecting capital structure. Fixed capital - meaning, factors affecting fixed capital. Working capital – meaning, types; factors affecting working capital. Comparison between fixed and working capital.

(ii) Sources of finance for a Joint Stock Company.

(a) Different types of shares: equity, preference.

Bonus shares, rights issue, ESOP, Sweat Equity Shares, Retained earnings.

Long-term sources of funds.

Equity shares - features, advantages and disadvantages.

Preference shares - features, types advantages and disadvantages; distinction between equity shares and preference shares.

Bonus and rights issue, ESOP and Sweat Equity Shares - meaning.

Retained earnings – meaning, merits and demerits.

(b) Loan capital: debentures.

Debentures – meaning; kinds of debentures; advantages and disadvantages of debentures. Distinction between shares and debentures.

(c) Loans from commercial banks and Financial Institutions.

Loans from commercial banks and Financial Institutions - meaning, advantages and disadvantages.

(d) Short-term sources of funds.

Short-term sources of funds – different types of short-term financial assistance by Commercial Banks; public deposits, trade credit, customer advances, factoring, Inter corporate deposits and installment credit. Meaning, advantages and disadvantages of various sources of funds.

(iii) Banking - latest trends.

Online services- transfer of funds through Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS), National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT), Immediate Payment Service (IMPS), issue of demand drafts online meaning and features.

Online payments, e-Banking – meaning and features, advantages and disadvantages.

Mobile Banking - SMS alerts, transfer of funds, making payments - advantages and disadvantages.

Debit Cards vs Credit Cards, ATM (Automated Teller Machine) – Meaning; Debit card and credit card: features and differences.

  1. Management

(i) Management: Meaning, objectives and characteristics of management.

Meaning of Management: as an activity; as a group; as a discipline; as a process. Objectives and characteristics of management.

(ii) Nature of Management – Science, Art and Profession.

Self explanatory.

(iii) Importance of Management.

Self explanatory.

(iv) Principles of Management: nature of principles; need for principles.

Nature of principles of Management; need for principles of management; Taylor’s 5 scientific principles of Management; Fayol’s 14 principles of Management; Comparison of Taylor's and Fayol’s principles.

(v) Functions of Management: Planning; Organising; Staffing; Directing; Controlling and Coordinating.

(a) Planning:

Meaning, steps, importance & limitation; Types of plans; Objectives, policy, procedures, method, role, budget, program – meaning and features.

(b) Organising:

Meaning, importance, steps; Structure of organization (line, line and staff, functional and divisional; Formal and informal organization) – Meaning, features, merits, demerits and differences between line and line & staff, functional and divisional, formal and informal; Meaning and importance of delegation of authority; Decentralization v/s Centralization, comparison between delegation and decentralization, merits and demerits.

(c) Staffing:

Meaning, steps and importance; Recruitment – Meaning and sources; Selection –Meaning and procedure; Training and development – Meaning, types of training, difference between selection and recruitment, Training and Development.

(d) Directing:

Meaning and importance; Supervision- Meaning, functions and span of control;

Motivation - Meaning and Maslow’s theory; Leadership- Meaning and qualities of a good leader;

Communication - Meaning, objectives and process. Barriers to communication and overcoming barriers to communication.

(e) Controlling:

Meaning, steps and importance; Relationship between Planning and Controlling; Management by Exception.

(f) Coordination:

Meaning of Coordination; Coordination as an essence of Management.

  1. Marketing

(i) Marketing: concept and functions.

Meaning and types of markets; meaning and features of marketing. Marketing concepts: traditional v/s modern - meaning and features of traditional and modern concepts of marketing. Comparison between marketing and selling. Objectives and importance of marketing; functions of marketing – meaning, features of each function of marketing.

(ii) Marketing Mix - Meaning and Elements.

Product Mix - goods and services - meaning, features and types of goods; meaning, features of services; difference between product and services. Branding: meaning and merits. Labeling: meaning and merits. Packaging: meaning and features of good packaging.

Price Mix – meaning, factors determining price.

Place Mix – meaning, channel of distribution choice of channels of distribution and physical distribution.

Promotion Mix – Meaning and elements.

Elements – Advertising, sales promotion, personal selling and publicity – meaning, features, objectives and differences.

(iii) Consumer protection: rights of consumers, methods of consumer protection.

Need for consumer protection; methods of consumer protection - self-help, legislative measures and consumer associations/NGOs, Consumer Protection Act, 2019 - Rights of consumers.

The Consumer Disputes Redressal Commissions (National, State and District).

PAPER II – PROJECT WORK – 20 Marks

Mark allocation for each Project [10 marks]:

 Overall format

1 mark

Content

4 marks

Findings

2 marks

Viva-voce based on the Project

3 marks

A list of suggested Projects is given below:

  1. Compare marketing strategies adopted by two different companies of the same industry (FMCG / Telecommunication / media / education industry etc.) keeping in mind the following:

− Product mix

− Price Mix

− Place Mix

− Promotion Mix

  1. Collect newspaper/magazine clippings of five cases filed by consumers in the Consumer Court.

Find out the rights violated, and the redressal mechanism used.

What was the outcome of each case?

  1. Visit a commercial Bank. Find out the procedure to open a savings account.

Find out the details of various Agency & General utility services provided by the bank.

  1. Compare the interest rates offered by five different commercial banks on fixed deposits under various categories (general and senior citizens) and various time durations.

Find out the procedure and formalities for opening a fixed deposit account.

What is the procedure for closing the account on maturity and before maturity period?

  1. Select five different companies across varying industries such as I.T., textiles, FMCG, Health Care, etc., included in the SENSEX. Keeping a hypothetical base money of Rupees One Lakh, invest in the shares of the selected companies. The movement of share prices selected by you should be monitored over a period of one month on a daily basis. A uniform / standard practice of either using the opening price or the closing price on a particular day of the week should be used by all students in the class.

At the end of the month, analyse your investment in a spread sheet and give reasons for your choice of scripts.

  1. Find out the names of companies under various sectors (FMCG, Pharma, automobile, etc) included in the NIFTY and the SENSEX.

Make a chart of the same and track its movements over a period of one week.

  1. (a) Study the sources of recruitment and steps involved in the selection procedure adopted by two companies of the same industry.

(b) Compare and evaluate the sources of recruitment and the selection process adopted by the selected companies.

  1. Formulate a capital plan for a hypothetical business organization.

Justify your formulated plan.

  1. Choose two companies of the same industry. Study their organizational structure. Also give information with regard to:

(i) Hierarchy

(ii) Centralization and delegation of authority

(iii) Flow of information (scalar chain)

(iv) Span of control

(v) Channel of communication.

  1. Select any business undertaking. Study the selected business in terms of ownership, capital and profitability.

Make a S.W.O.T. analysis and present it in a tabular form.

Download and read the full ISC Class 12th Commerce Syllabus 2022-23 below

Download ISC Class 12th Commerce Syllabus 2023 PDF

The ISC Class 12 final exams are fast approaching and the date sheet has also been released. Check the ISC Class 12 mock tests here to practice the concepts learned in the ISC Class 12 Commerce syllabus.

ISC - Class 12 Mock Tests

 

FAQ

Where to download ISC Class 12 Commerce syllabus 2022-23?

The ISC Board Class 12th Commerce syllabus is available to download from the official website of the CISCE. You can also read and download the ISC Class 12 Commerce syllabus pdf for free on Jagran Josh.

Is the ISC Board Class 12 Commerce syllabus tough?

Yes, the ISC Board Class 12th Commerce syllabus is considerably larger and tougher than other boards. Only the students with out of the box thinking and an affinity for finance will be able to master ISC class 12 Commerce.

What topics are taught in the ISC Class 12 Commerce syllabus?

The syllabus of ISC Class 12 Commerce is larger than other boards and the topics taught in ISC Class 12 Commerce syllabus include business environment, financing, management, and marketing.

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