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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 2 - Understanding Secularism

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 - Understanding Secularism are provided here for free PDF download. You will get here the simplest answers with the best explanations.

Jun 24, 2020 14:36 IST
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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 2
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 2

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 2 - Understanding Secularism are very important to understand the concepts discussed in the chapter. We have provided here accurate and comprehensive answers to all the questions given in chapter 2 of the latest NCERT Civics Book of Class 8. These answers will help you in easy and active learning of the concepts thereby helping you perform well in this subject. All the answers are also available here for download in PDF format.

Check NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 - Understanding Secularism

Exercises

1. List the different types of religious practices that you find in your neighbourhood. This could be different forms of prayer, worship of different gods, sacred sites, different kinds of religious music and singing etc. Does this indicate freedom of religious practice?

Answer: 

  • The different types of religious practices that we can see in our neighbourhood are as follows:
  • Hindus visit Temple. They perform puja and worship the idols of their Gods and Goddesses.
  • Muslims visit mosque and worship their sacred book the Quran. They offer namaaz.
  • Sikhs visit Gurudwara, worship their sacred book Guru Granth Sahib by offering prayers and listening to shabad-kirtan.
  • Christians visit Church and worship Jesus Christ.

Yes, this indicates freedom of religious practice as the people in India have the freedom to practice the religion of their choice while living together in peace and harmony.

2. Will the government intervene if some religious group says that their religion allows them to practise infanticide? Give reasons for your answer.

Answer: 

Yes, the Government will definitely intervene if some religious group says that their religion allows them to practice infanticide. Infanticide involves the killing of an infant (a small child) which is clearly a cruel crime. This practice violates the human right ' Right to Life'. Also it creates a threat to social harmony.

3. Complete the following table:

Objective

Why is it important

Example of a violation of this objective

One religious community does not dominate another

   

The state does not enforce any particular religion nor take away the religious freedom of individuals

   

That some members do not dominate other members of the same religious community

   

Answer:

Objective

Why is it important

Example of a violation of this objective

One religious community does not dominate another

This is important for maintaining harmony in the country.

The Gujarat riots in 2002 against Muslims.

The state does not enforce any particular religion nor take away the religious freedom of individuals

This is important to uphold the ideals of a democratic nation which gives its citizens freedom to follow any religion of their choice.

France government banning the Muslim headscarves and Sikh turbans in public places.

That some members do not dominate other members of the same religious community

This is important to establish the sense of equality in a society.

Dalits being looked down upon by the upper caste Hindus.

Also check other NCERT articles for Class 8:

NCERT Textbook for Class 8 Maths

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths

NCERT Textbook for Class 8 Science

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science

4. Look up the annual calendar of holidays of your school. How many of them pertain to different religions? What does this indicate?

Answer: 

The annual calendar of our school marks several holidays that pertain to different religions. Various festivals for which holidays are declared are mentioned below:

  • Hindu festivals: Diwali, Holi, Dussehra, Shivratri, Ram Navmi
  • Muslim festivals: Id-ul-zuha, Id-ul-fitar, Muharram
  • Sikh festivals: Guru Nanak Jayanti, Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti, Vaisakhi, Lohri
  • Christian festivals: Christmas, Good Friday

 This clearly proves that India is a secular country and here all the religions are equally respected.

5. Find out some examples of different views within the same religion.

Answer: 

Many religions in our country are further divided into groups and communities that hold opinions differing from each other. Some examples of such groups and communities existing within the same religion are given below:

  • Muslims are divided into Shias and Sunnis.
  • Jains are divided into Shwetambar and Digambar.
  • Buddhist followers are divided into Mahayana and Hinayana.
  • In Hindu religion also, there are hundreds of gods and goddesses that are worshipped by different groups of people.

6. The Indian State both keeps away from religion as well as intervenes in religion. This idea can be quite confusing. Discuss this once again in class using examples from the chapter as well as those that you might have come up with.

Answer: 

The Indian state both keeps away from religion, as well as intervenes in religion. The centeral as well as state governments declare holidays on the occasions of festivals belonging to different religions, but no religious function is celebrated by any of the governments. People of the country are free to celebrate these religious festivals in their own way. However, the Indian state comes to intervene only if any religious practice disturbs the harmony of the country. If a section of the people belonging to the same religion are denied the right to enter their place of worship then the state can intervene to resolve the issue and help the deprived section regain its rights.  

Download all the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 from the following link:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 -  Understanding Secularism

To get NCERT Solutions for all Chapters of Class 8 Social Science, go to the following link:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science - History, Geography, Civics

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