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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 6 - Understanding Our Criminal Justice System

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 6 - Understanding Our Criminal Justice System are provided here for free PDF download. Get the simplest and accurate answers for easy and quick learning.

Jun 15, 2020 21:24 IST
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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 6
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 6

Check the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 6 - Understanding Our Criminal Justice System to get the most accurate answers that are easy to understand and simple to memorise. You will find here the best-explained answers for the questions given in exercises of chapter 6 of the latest NCERT Book for Class 8 Civics which has been published exclusively for the current academic year. You can read and download the questions and answers in PDF format.

Check NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 6 - Understanding Our Criminal Justice System

Excercises

1. In a town called Peace Land, the supporters of the Fiesta football team learn that the supporters of the Jubilee football team in the nearby city about 40 km away have damaged the ground on which the Final between both teams is to be held the following day. A crowd of Fiesta fans armed with deadly weapons attacks the homes of the supporters of the Jubilee football team in the town. In the attack, 10 men are killed, 5 women are gravely hurt, many homes are destroyed and over 50 people injured.

Imagine that you and your classmates are now part of the criminal justice system. First divide the class into the following four groups of persons:

1. Police 2. Public Prosecutor 3. Defence lawyer 4. Judge

The column on the right provides a list of functions. Match these with the roles that are listed on the left. Have each group pick the functions that it needs to perform to bring justice to those who were affected by the violence of the Fiesta fans. In what order, will these functions be performed?

Roles

Functions

Police

 

Public Prosecutor

 

Defence Lawyer

 

Judge

hear the witnesses,

record the statements of witnesses,

cross examine the witnesses,

take photographs of burnt homes,

record the evidence,

arrest the Fiesta fans,

writes the judgment,

argue the case for the victims,

decide the number of years for which the accused will be put in jail,

examine the witnesses in court,

pass the judgment,

get the assaulted women medically examined,

conduct a fair trial,

meet the accused persons

Now take the same situation but ask one student who is a supporter of the Fiesta Club to perform all the functions listed above. Do you think the victims would get justice if only one person performed all of the functions of the criminal justice system? Why not?

State two reasons why you believe that different persons need to play different roles as part of the criminal justice system.

Answer:

Roles

Functions

Police

record the statements of witnesses

take photographs of burnt homes

arrest the Fiesta fans

get the assaulted women medically examined

Public Prosecutor

cross examine the witnesses

argue the case for the victims

examine the witnesses in court

Defence Lawyer

cross examine the witnesses

meet the accused persons

examine the witness in court

Judge

hear the witness

Records the evidence

writes the judgment

decide for how many years the accused will be put in jail

pass the judgment

conduct a fair trial

The victim would not get justice if only one person performed all the functions of the criminal justice system because there are chances that he would get influenced by various powers and make a biased judgement. A separation of power is necessary within a judicial system too, since absolute power can never be fair.

Different people need to play different roles as part of the criminal justice system because:

(i) A complete system of trial and investigation includes a diverse range of work from arresting to recording the statements of witnesses, defending the victim and accused parties, passing a fair trial and judicially correct judgement. It is not possible for a single person to conduct all these activities fairly.

(ii) If all the powers are vested in one person alone, they might be misused and thereby leading to the violation of the laws based on equal and just decision.

Download all the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter  from the following link:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 6 - Understanding Our Criminal Justice System

To get NCERT Solutions for all Chapters of Class 8 Social Science, go to the following link:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science - History, Geography, Civics

Also check other NCERT articles for Class 8:

NCERT Textbook for Class 8 Maths

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths

NCERT Textbook for Class 8 Science

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science

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