NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 8 - Confronting Marginalisation are quite helpful for understanding the concepts explained in the chapter. We have provided here accurate and comprehensive answers to all the questions given in the exercises of chapter 8 of the latest NCERT Civics Book of Class 8. These answers will help you in easy and active learning of the concepts and help you secure high marks in exams. Download all the questions and answers in PDF format.
Check NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 - Confronting Marginalisation
1. List two Fundamental Rights in the Constitution that Dalits can draw upon to insist that they be treated with dignity and as equals. Re-read the Fundamental Rights listed on page 14 to help you answer this question.
The fundamental rights in the Constitution that Dalits can draw upon to insist that they be treated with dignity and as equals are: (any two)
(i) Right to Equality: All persons are equal before the law. No one can be discriminated on the basis of religion, race, caste, gender or place of birth.
(ii) Right to Freedom: This includes freedom of speech and expression, assembly, association or union or cooperatives, movement, residence, and right to practice any profession or occupation..
(iii) Right against Exploitation: It prohibits all forms of forced labour, child labour and trafficking of human beings.
2. Re-read the story on Rathnam as well as the provisions of the 1989 Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act. Now list one reason why you think he used this law to file a complaint.
Rantham had refused to take part in the sadistic religious prcatices, the powerful castes in the village decided to teach him a lesson. They ordered the community to ostracise him and his family, and everyone was told that no one should speak or do any work for them or with them. Some men even set his house on fire and tried to burn him and his family alive. To oppose such brutal and barbaric practices against dalits, Rantham sought the support of law and used the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes Prevention of Atrocities Act, 1989. This Act guarantees the Dalits and Adivasis not to be dispossessed from their land and resources forcibly. It also lists modes of humiliation and ill-treatment of Dalit groups as a crime.
3. Why do Adivasi activists, including C.K. Janu, believe that Adivasis can also use this 1989 Act to fight against dispossession? Is there anything specific in the provisions of the Act that allows her to believe this?
The Adivasi activists, including C.K. Janu, believe that Adivasis can use the 1989 Act to fight against dispossession because this Act guarantees the tribals not to be dispossessed from their land and resources forcibly. This Act confirms that the land owned by any tribal people cannot be sold to or bought by non-tribal people. If this happens, the Constitution guarantees the right of the tribal people to repossess their land.
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