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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 9 - Public Facilities

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 9 - Public Facilities are provided here in PDF format. Students should read the best explained answers provided here to score good marks in exams.

Jun 18, 2020 20:02 IST
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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 9 - Public Facilities
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 9 - Public Facilities

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 9 - Public Facilities will provide you with the accurate and simple answers to all the exercise questions given at the end of this chapter. You can easily get access to these questions and answers either in online mode or download them in PDF format. All these solutions have been provided exclusively for the questions given in chapter 9 of the latest edition of Class 8 Civics NCERT Book. Students must read the latest NCERT Solutions only to score high marks in exams.

Check NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 9 - Public Facilities

Exercises

1. Why do you think there are so few cases of private water supply in the world?

Answer: 

Water is a basic necessity of life. So, everyone should get access to safe drinking water either free or at affordable rates. It is the government's responsibility to provide water to everyone. However, in case the government fails to execute its responsibility, it is handed over to the private sector. But there are few cases of private water supply in the world because private companies work towards the singular goal of maximizing profits. If the responsibility of water supply is handed over to private companies, there would be a steep rise in the price of water, making it unaffordable for many.

2. Do you think water in Chennai is available to and affordable by all? Discuss.

Answer: 

No, Water in Chennai is not available to and affordable by all. There is an unequal distribution of water in different parts of the city. Certain areas like Anna Nagar receive abundant water while areas like Mylapore get very little water. Municipal supply fails to meet the 100% demand of water in the city. People from the middle class and upper class buy packaged drinking water or water from tankers. But the situation is worst for the poor people as they cannot afford the expense of tankers or packaged water. In the slum areas, water supply runs for barely an hour every day and that too from a single tap that serves over thirty families for all their water needs.

3. How is the sale of water by farmers to water dealers in Chennai affecting the local people? Do you think local people can object to such exploitation of groundwater? Can the government do anything in this regard?

Answer: 

Due to the shortage of water in Chennai, many private companies have taken it as an opportunity to earn enormous profits by selling water in the city. They buy water from places around the city. The water is taken from nearby towns and from villages to the north of the city using a fleet of over 13,000 water tankers. Every month the water dealers pay farmers an advance for the rights to exploit water sources on their land. Due to this trade, the water levels have dropped drastically in all these towns and villages. The water that is taken away from the farms is creating a deficit not only for irrigation but also for drinking water for the villagers.

Yes, the local people can object to such exploitation of ground water because water is an essential amenity and everyone has equal right to access it. No one can take away their basic necessity. The government should take a strict action against such foul activities and disallow private companies from buying and supplying water.

Also Read:

NCERT Textbook for Class 8 Maths

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths

NCERT Textbook for Class 8 Science

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science

4. Why are most of the private hospitals and private schools located in major cities and not in towns or rural areas?

Answer:

Most of the private hospitals and private schools located in major cities and not in towns or rural areas because they offer their services at high prices to earn profits and these services are affordable only by the affluent dwellers in the city.

5. Do you think the distribution of public facilities in our country is adequate and fair? Give an example of your own to explain.

Answer:

No, the distribution of public facilities in our country is neither adequate nor fair. For example, the people in metro cities like Delhi avail all public facilities like healthcare and sanitation, water, electricity, schools, colleges and public transport. But in the smaller towns and rural areas, people have to face grave crises for these facilities. People in such areas have to suffer from severe water shortages and electricity cut-offs. They do not have a well developed public transport system.

6. Take some of the public facilities in your area, such as water, electricity, etc. Is there scope to improve these? What in your opinion should be done? Complete the table.

 

Is it available?

How can it be improved?

Water

   

Electricity

   

Road

   

Public Transport

   

Answer:

 

Is it available?

How can it be improved?

Water

yes

By checking the quality of water and making its supply available for 24 hours.

Electricity

yes

By keeping a check on electricity theft and providing its supply for 24 hours.

Road

yes

Re-construction or repairing of worn-out roads.

Public Transport

yes

By increasing the number of buses to increase their frequency.

7. Are the above public facilities shared equally by all the people in your area? Elaborate.

Answer:

No, all of the above-mentioned facilities are not shared equally in our areas. For example, in the slum areas, people have to manage with a single water tap to meet all their water needs. On the other hand, in a middle-class locality, each house has a separate connection for water. Actually, due to the huge population, people are not able to avail the public facilities provided by the government.

8. Data on some of the public facilities are collected as part of the Census. Discuss with your teacher when and how the Census is conducted.

Answer:

Census is conducted after every ten years. It counts the entire population of the country. It also collects detailed information about the citizens like their age, schooling, occupations, etc.

9. Private educational institutions – schools, colleges, universities, technical and vocational training institutes are coming up in our country in a big way. On the other hand, educational institutes run by the government are becoming relatively less important. What do you think would be the impact of this? Discuss.

Answer:

This would lead the government to invest less in the infrastructure of their educational institutions that would result in decline of the level of education in these institutions. In such a situation, the weaker sections of the society will be deprived of quality education and the end result of this disparity will be that only the rich will get good education from the private educational institutions while the poor would not be able to afford the same.

Education is a basic need and there should be universal access to education. But, as the main motive of private education institutes is earning profits, they charge high fees which are affordable only by the affluent section of the society. Thus, the right to quality education is only fulfilled for the rich class. Similarly, if government education institutes are not up to the mark, then weaker sections are again deprived of quality education. This, in turn, results in the disparity of quality education between the rich and the poor.

Download all the questions and answers from the following link:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 9 - Public Facilities

To get NCERT Solutions for all Chapters of Class 8 Social Science, go to the following link:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science - History, Geography, Civics

 

 

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