Measurement and Units:
Dimensions of a physical quantity, uses of dimensional analysis, Errors in measurement.
Dynamics of a Particle:
Newton's laws, motion in one, two and three dimensions, relative motion, inertial frames, circular motion, spring force, gravitational force, law of gravitation, variation of gravity with altitude, escape velocity, satellite motion, work, kinetic and potential energies, conservation of energy, momentum and angular momentum, elastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Dynamics of a System of Particles:
Centre of mass, motion under external forces, rigid bodies, rotation of a rigid body about a fixed axis, torque, angular acceleration, angular momentum, moment of inertia, radius of gyration, kinetic energy of rotation, combined translational and rotational motions, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of a ring, disc, cylinder and sphere.
Simple Harmonic Motion:
Basic equation, displacement, velocity and acceleration, graphical and mathematical representation, kinetic and potential energies, Lissajous figures, simple pendulum, compound pendulum as a rigid oscillating body. Mass-spring system, damped harmonic oscillations, forced oscillations and resonance.
Attractive and repulsive forces, three states of matter, ionic, covalent, Van der Waals and metallic bondings, surface tension, angle of contact, capillarity, pressure difference across a spherical film, determination of surface tension by capillary rise and Jaeger's methods, elasticity, Hooke's law, Young's modulus, shear and bulk moduli.
Kinetic Theory of Gases:
Basic postulates, derivation of an expression for pressure exerted by an ideal gas, interpretation of temperature, equipartition of energy, specific heats of monoatomic and diatomic gases.
First Law of Thermodynamics:
Dependence of work and heat on path, internal energy, isothermal, isobaric, isochoric and adiabatic processes, specific heats of an ideal gas, Mayer's relation.
Black-body, Kirchhoff's law, Stefan's law, Newton's law of cooling, black-body spectrum, Wien's law.
Progressive waves, superposition principle, beats, stationary waves, vibration of strings, air columns, resonance, Doppler's principle and its applications to sound and light waves.
Nature of Light:
Light as wave motion, plane and spherical waves, Huygen's principle, reflection and refraction at a plane surface, electromagnetic nature of light waves, quantum nature of light, coherent sources; Fresnel's biprism, measurement of wavelength, Fresnel's half -period zones, rectilinear propagation of light, diffraction at a circular obstacle, aperture and a slit for plane waves.
Conservation and quantization of charge, Coulomb's law, electric field, superposition principle,electric flux, Gauss's law and its applications in simple cases, electric potential and potential difference, electric field and potential due to a dipole, capacitance, capacitors in series and parallel, energy stored in a capacitor.
Kirchhoff's laws, Wheat-stone bridge and its applications, potentiometer and its applications.
Biot-Savart and Ampere's laws, magnetic field along the axis of a current carrying circular coil, inside a torroid, due to a straight wire, magnetic moment of a current loop, force on a moving charge and on a current carrying wire in a magnetic field, moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter, electromagnetic induction, Faraday's and Lenz's laws, self and mutual inductances, transformer, energy stored in an inductor.
Alternating Current Circuits:
Rotating coil in a magnetic field, ac, rms and peak values, phase relations between voltage and current in a resistor, inductor, capacitor and their series combinations, impedance and reactance (definitions only), instantaneous and average power in ac circuits, power factor, wattless current and choke coil.
Modern Physics: Photons, photoelectric effect, Bohr's theory of hydrogen-like atoms, X-raysproduction and properties, de Broglie hypothesis, Davisson and Germer experiment, Thomson's experiment, explanation of Bohr's orbits, uncertainty principle. radioactivity, nature of alpha, beta and gamma rays, laws of disintegration, half and mean lives, atomic nucleus, binding energy, nuclear energy by fission and fusion.
Thermionic emission, work function, diode rectification and triode amplification, bands in solids (descriptive ideas only), conductors, semiconductors and insulators, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, pn junction and its rectification properties.
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