Jagranjosh provides easy-to-crack tips for all the NET aspirants.
National Eligibility Test (NET) is to be conducted this year on 28 December 2014 (Sunday) by the Central Board of Secondary Education, on behalf of UGC, for determining the eligibility of Indian nationals for either Lectureship or Junior Research Fellow, or both, in all Indian Universities.
The first paper comprises of General Paper on Teaching and Research Aptitude. This paper contains sixty multiple-choice questions, each question carrying two marks. Candidate is expected to answer any fifty questions in 1 hour 15 minutes.
Now let us look at the objectives, syllabus and recent trends in questions for better understanding of the paper.
Objective: The main objective of this paper is to assess the teaching and research aptitudes of the candidates. It is basically a test of perceptive abilities which includes comprehension, analysis, evaluation, understanding the structure of arguments, reasoning, knowledge of surrounding environment etc.
Syllabus: The paper has ten sections and weightage. In each section, five questions of two marks each are asked. These sections are:
- Teaching Aptitude
- Research Aptitude
- Reading Comprehension
- Reasoning (Including Mathematical)
- Logical Reasoning
- Data Interpretation
- Information and Communicating Technology (ICT)
- People and Environment
- Higher Education System: Governance Polity And Administration
- Teaching Aptitude: The questions under teaching aptitude are generally related with Nature, objectives, characteristics and basic requirements for teaching and learning, factors impacting learning process, various methods of teaching, teaching aid material like audio-visual instruments and some recent innovations, evaluation system and its objectives and types. As questions are of general nature and easy level, one has to be conceptually strong in pedagogy and educational psychology to answer these questions.
- Research Aptitude: It is one of the toughest sections of paper I. It includes the vital basics of research like its meaning, characteristics and types steps involved various methods and approaches (nomothetic and ideographic, qualitative and quantitative research) (questions generally related with sampling, small and large sampling tests) and Ethics. Questions related to writing paper, article, workshop, seminar, conference, symposium, Thesis writing, its characteristics and format are asked. A clear knowledge of research methodologies and basic statistical techniques is required to answer the questions.
- Reading Comprehension: Under reading comprehension, a passage followed by five questions needs to be answered. One should practice more and more comprehensions to achieve proficiency in passage reading.
- Communication: Questions related to communication include nature, characteristics, types and barriers in effective classroom communication. Generally questions are asked on components and process of communication, different types of communication models, mass communication, various institutions related with mass communication, news agencies and their year of starting.
- Mathematical and logical reasoning: Both the sections are of moderate toughness and fetch higher scores. Questions generally asked under mathematical reasoning are number series, letter series, codes, relationships and classification. Meanwhile, under logical reasoning most of the questions are from structure of arguments, statement assumption, decision making, course of action, verbal analogies and course of action, logical diagrams and syllogisms (simple and multiple diagrammatic relationships) and Venn diagrams. As questions from this section can be easily solved with proper practice, so any good book of reasoning will be sufficient.
- Data interpretation: This section includes basic knowledge of sources, acquisition and interpretation of qualitative and quantitative data, its graphical representation etc. Under this section, questions in the form of tabulation, bar diagrams, pie charts, line charts etc. are asked. The motive behind these questions is to check one’s ability to extract data values from the given set. These question need basic mathematical calculation related with percentages, ratio and averages. One should practice these topics after acquiring basic mathematical understanding. These topics are highly scoring, so analyze old question papers and read any standard book for data interpretation. It will be of great help in scoring good marks in paper I.
- Information and Communicating Technology: This section includes questions related with basics of computer and networking, satellite communication, general abbreviations and terminology related with ICT. One should read about current happenings and developments in the field of ICT like various operating systems, Ipv6, 4G, LTE, NFC, various versions of Android, social networking sites etc. Basic terms that are being widely used should be given enough priority while preparation along with regular updating of facts.
- People and Environment: This section include topics of basic knowledge about the environment and ecology, various types of pollution and major pollutants, their impact on human life, exploitation of natural and energy resources, natural hazards and mitigation. This is a very dynamic section and one should keep updating himself for this section. Reading newspaper will be very helpful for this purpose.
- Higher education system: Governance, polity and administration is the last section which includes structure of the institutions for higher learning and research in India, formal and distance education, professional/technical and general education, value education, governance, polity and administration, concept, institutions and their interactions. To master this section, one should learn these topics from any standard book emphasizing on major institutions and their year of establishment with location. Current happenings is usually asked in this section.
- Miscellaneous questions: Most of the questions are from the above sections only but still there are some miscellaneous questions which are of interdisciplinary nature. There are some questions related to current affairs for which aspirants should keep a regular eye on the newspapers, especially those related to higher education.
One needs to practice hard to crack through this paper. Giving mock tests can be a good approach as it will help to give an insight into preparation and facilitate improvement of speed in answering questions to complete the paper on time.