The National Testing Bureau of UGC conducts National Eligibility Test in the month of June and December to determine the eligibility of the candidates for Lectureship and award of JRF. The exam is conducted in objective mode with Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) into two sessions. There shall be three papers, out of which, the first paper will be General Paper that’s common to all and intended for scrutinizing the research skills, teaching aptitude general awareness, communication and reasoning process and of the candidates aspiring to be a lecturer or willing to pursue research. Paper- I consists of 60 questions from which the respondent will have to mark the answers of any 50 questions from the topics like Teaching Aptitude, Research Aptitude, Reading Comprehension etc.
jagranjosh.com has jot down some tips to prepare for questions based on Research Aptitude that will candidates to attain high score or minimum qualifying marks in the examination
- Basics of Research: Aspirants must know the basics of research that is, meaning, characteristics and types of research. They should be aware of the facts like research is always systematic, logical and objective, directed towards the solution of the problem, based on empirical or observable evidence, gives emphasis to theories or principles etc. There are various types of research which needs detailed study by the candidates. Some of them includes exploratory, fundamental, historical and experimental.
- Steps of Research: Candidates willing to be a lecturer or researcher should know each and every steps of research as questions can be asked randomly on that. The sequence of research goes as identification of research, proposal of action, construction of hypothesis, collection of data, presentation of data, data analysis, and declaration of result.
- Methods of Research: Aspirants should have the adequate understanding of the various methods of research or how to conduct research and tools used in conducting research. Some of the methods include survey, case study, content analysis etc and tools used in survey are questionnaire, interview, sampling etc.
- Research Ethics: Ethics are very important for a researcher and during the research process, he or she must not be unethical. Questions can be asked like is it right not to disclose the name of your respondent, if he/she doesn’t want to be identified? Is it ethical not to give due credit to a person who assisted you during your research?
- Paper, Article, workshop, seminar, conference and symposium: Aspiring candidates should have deep knowledge of all the mentioned sub-topics. For example- paper is an essay or dissertation whereas article is a non fictional literacy composition. A meeting in which a group engages in intensive discussion along with activity can be termed as workshop. On the other hand, a formal meeting for debate known as conference. Seminar is a conference for discussion on training on specific topics while symposium is a conference in which participants have to make presentation being an audience as well.
- Thesis Writing- its characteristics and format: Candidates who wish to be a researcher should have deep knowledge of minute details of thesis writing. They must know the parts of thesis, how to write thesis, what the format is and how to present a thesis. A thesis should include five parts- introduction, explanation, details of research, result and references & appendices.
Candidates are henceforth suggested to practice few mock test papers based on General Paper-I to accustom themselves with the exam pattern.