Combating climate change: Government releases publication on actions undertaken to tackle climate change
The Government also undertook few measures to minimise the impact of climate change such as generating 175 GW of renewable energy by 2022, smart cities, electric vehicles, leapfrogging from Bharat Stage -IV to Bharat Stage-VI emission norms by April 2020, etc.
The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change on February 12, 2019 released a publication titled “India – Spearheading Climate Solutions” on climate actions in India.
The publication mentions the key initiatives undertaken by India under various sectors towards combating and adapting to climate change. It not only highlights the achievements towards climate action but also showcases Government’s preparedness for future.
Highlights of the publication
• During the last four years, the Narendra Modi-led NDA Government introduced a number of policies and initiatives like e-mobility, green transportation, renewable energy, waste management, afforestation, water, etc. to minimise the impact of climate change.
• Moreover, many clean and green development initiatives have been undertaken at both the state and national level.
• Some of the key initiatives include the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC), National Adaptation Fund on Climate Change (NAFCC), Climate Change Action Programme (CCAP) and State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC).
• The Government also undertook few measures to minimise the impact of climate change such as generating 175 GW of renewable energy by 2022, smart cities, electric vehicles, leapfrogging from Bharat Stage -IV to Bharat Stage-VI emission norms by April 2020, etc.
Major initiatives of the Government towards combating climate change
National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC): The Action plan covers eight major missions on Solar, Enhanced Energy Efficiency, Sustainable Habitat, Water, Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem, Green India, Sustainable Agriculture and Strategic Knowledge on Climate Change.
International Solar Alliance (ISA): ISA was jointly launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and the then President of France, Francois Hollande on November 30, 2015 in Paris on the side-lines of CoP 21. The vision and mission of the alliance is to provide a dedicated platform for cooperation among solar resource rich countries that lie completely or partial between the Tropics of Capricorn & Cancer.
State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC): State governments have drafted climate strategies aligned with the eight National Missions under the NAPCC. The strategies focus on issues ranging from climate mitigation, energy efficiency, and resource conservation to climate adaptation.
FAME Scheme for E-mobility: Union Government in April 2015 launched Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric vehicles (FAME) – India Scheme with an aim to boost sales of eco-friendly vehicles in the country. It is a part of the National Mission for Electric Mobility.
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation & Urban Transformation (AMRUT) for Smart Cities: Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25 June 2015 launched three urban development schemes- AMRUT, Smart Cities Mission and Housing for All (Urban) with an aim to develop infrastructure.
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana: The scheme provides LPG connections to five crore below-poverty-line beneficiaries. The connections are given in the name of women beneficiaries to reduce their dependence on fossil fuels and conventional fuel like cow dung for cooking food, thus reducing air pollution.
UJALA scheme: The scheme was launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi in January 2015 with a target of replacing 77 crore incandescent lamps with LED bulbs. The usage of LED bulbs will not only result in reducing electricity bills but also help in environment protection.
Swachh Bharat Mission: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Movement) is a campaign that was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 2, 2014. The campaign seeks to clean the streets, roads and infrastructure of the country's 4041 statutory cities and towns.