India was re-elected as the member of UNESCO’s executive board on 9 November 2017.
The election was held at the 39th session of the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation in Paris. The executive board is the top decision- making body of the international organisation.
About General Conference
• The General Conference consists of the representatives of the member states of the organisation.
• It meets every two years and is attended by member states and associate members along with observers for non-member States, intergovernmental organisations and non- governmental organisations (NGOs).
Duties of General Conference
• It determines the policies and the main lines of work of the organisation.
• The body is also responsible for setting up the programmes and the budget of UNESCO.
• It also elects the members of the Executive Board and appoints the Director- General every four years.
• Each country gets one vote in the conference regardless of its size or the extent of its contribution to the budget.
The organisation is the successor of the League of Nations' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation.
Its main aim is to contribute to building of peace and security, eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms.
Its other objectives include attaining quality education for all, addressing emerging social and ethical challenges, fostering cultural diversity, a culture of peace and building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication.
It has 195 member states and ten associate members.