The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) discovered a house belonging to late Harappan period (1900 – 1800 BC). The remnant of the house was discovered during the excavations carried out at Chandyan village in Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh.
This is the first time evidence of habitation pertaining to late Harappan period found in the Upper Doab region between Ganga and Yamuna.
The archeologists also found remnants of a human skull with a copper crown corresponding to the late Harappan period at a brick kiln site in Chandyan village.
Besides, they also discovered a number of items such as around 20 burial pots, a pelvic bone of the same man whose skull and a few beads like carnelian, faience and agate pertaining to late Harappan period. Also a mud wall with pot holes was found wherein wooden pillars were fixed to support thatched roofs, multi-level foundations that supported structures in different times.
The late Harappan phase link with the Uttar Pradesh was established in 2005 when a farmer accidentally discovered a huge burial site at Sinauli village located just 40km from Chandayan. The Sinauli graves are also believed to correspond to the late Harappan period, strengthening conviction of archaeologists.
About Late Harappan phase
Late Harappan phase of the Harappan civilisation or Indus Valley civilisation saw the beginning of decline of the civilization.
The Harappan civilization is known for its superior urban planning, is believed to have flourished in the period between 3300 BC to 1300 BC which lies in present Pakistan, northwest India and parts of Afghanistan and Balochistan.
Where: Uttar Pradesh