Top 5 Current Affairs: 20 February 2018
According to a UNICEF report, India's neonatal mortality rate (deaths per 1,000 live births) was found to be 25.4, making it the 12th worst among 52 ‘lower-middle-income countries’ that pose risk for newborns.
More than 40 dialects or languages in India are considered to be dying out and they are believed to be heading towards extinction as only a few thousand people speak them.
Earlier in 2013, comprehensive linguistic survey in India was done by People's Linguistic Survey of India (PLSI) which said that in India people speak 780 different languages, It also said that in the last 50 years, India lost nearly 250 languages.
As per the government’s census data, India has 1635 rationalised mother tongues, 22 major languages in the country and 234 identifiable mother tongues.
India to host World Environment Day 2018
Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Dr Harsh Vardhan on February 19, 2018 announced that India will be the Global Host for the World Environment Day 2018.
In this regard, a Letter of Intent was signed by CK Mishra, Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change and Erik Solheim, Under-Secretary General, United Nations & Executive Director of UN Environment.
World Environment Day 2018 will be celebrated across the globe with the theme ‘Beat Plastic Pollution’. Plastic is a huge environmental and health issue and the day will be observed with the main focus on creating mass awareness about the hazards of plastic pollution.
India 12th worst nation for newborns: UNICEF Report
According to a UNICEF report that released on February 20, 2018, India's neonatal mortality rate (deaths per 1,000 live births) was found to be 25.4, making it the 12th worst among 52 ‘lower-middle-income countries’ that pose risk for newborns.
The report mainly examined the death rates of newborn babies during the first 28 days of life. Nations such as Japan, Iceland and Singapore were found to have the lowest newborn mortality rates thus, offering the best chance at survival for babies.
While nations such as Pakistan, Afghanistan or the ones in the Central African Republic were found to be worst for newborns.
UP government signs 900 MoUs ahead of Investors Summit 2018
The Uttar Pradesh government has signed 900 Memorandums of Understanding (MoU) with different industrial groups for investment in the state ahead of the two-day UP investors summit, which will be held from February 21- 22, 2018.
The agreements have been signed in various sectors including agriculture, food processing, dairy industry, tourism, information technology and MSME. The amount involved in the agreements is likely to be announced after the summit.
According to the state’s Industry Minister Satish Mahana, this is the highest number of agreements that have ever been signed with private companies.
World Day of Social Justice 2018 observed globally
The World Day of Social Justice was observed across the world on February 20, 2018 with an aim to recognise the need to promote efforts to tackle several issues like exclusion, unemployment and poverty.
According to United Nations, social justice is an underlying principle for prosperous and peaceful coexistence within and among nations. Social justice means removal of barriers that people face in the name of gender, ethnicity, age, religion, disability and culture.
The theme of World Day of Social Justice 2018 is 'Workers on the Move: the Quest for Social Justice'. As per the United Nations, most of the migration today is linked directly or indirectly to the search for decent work opportunities. There are an estimated 258 million international migrants.