The Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change on 28 March 2016 notified the Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016.
The new set of Rules will replace the Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998.
Highlights of Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016
• Biomedical waste was defined as human and animal anatomical waste, treatment apparatus like needles, syringes and other materials used in health care facilities in the process of treatment and research.
• This waste is generated during diagnosis, treatment or immunisation in hospitals, nursing homes, pathological laboratories, blood bank, etc.
• The objective of the new set of rules is to properly manage the 484 tons per day bio-medical waste from 168869 healthcare facilities (HCFs) across the country.
• The ambit of the rules has been expanded to include vaccination camps, blood donation camps, surgical camps or any other healthcare activity.
• Use of chlorinated plastic bags, gloves and blood bags will be phased out within two years.
• Pre-treatment of the laboratory waste, microbiological waste, blood samples and blood bags through disinfection or sterilisation on-site in the manner as prescribed by World Health Organization (WHO) or The National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO)
• All health care workers will be provided training and immunization regularly.
• A Bar-Code System for bags or containers containing bio-medical waste for disposal will be established.
• Existing incinerators to achieve the standards for retention time in secondary chamber and Dioxin and Furans within two years
• Bio-medical waste has been classified in to 4 categories instead of the existing 10 categories to improve the segregation of waste at source.
• Procedure to get authorisation simplified. Automatic authorisation for bedded hospitals will be allowed. The validity of authorization synchronised with validity of consent orders for bedded healthcare facilities.
• The new rules prescribe more stringent standards for incinerator to reduce the emission of pollutants in environment.
• Emissions limits for Dioxin and furans were prescribed.
• State Government will provide land for setting up common bio-medical waste treatment and disposal facility.
• No occupier shall establish on-site treatment and disposal facility, if a service of `common bio-medical waste treatment facility is available at a distance of seventy-five kilometer.
• Operator of a common bio-medical waste treatment and disposal facility has to ensure the timely collection of bio-medical waste from the HCFs and assist the HCFs in conduct of training.
These rules were in addition to the other waste management rules that were notified in March 2016. They are as follows –
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When: 28 March 2016
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