2 April: World Autism Awareness Day
The World Autism Awareness Day was observed across the world on April 2, 2018 with an aim to encourage the Member States of the United Nations to take measures to raise awareness about autism throughout the world.
Theme of World Autism Awareness Day 2018
The theme of World Autism Awareness Day 2018 was 'Empowering Women and Girls with Autism'.
This year, the day was celebrated at the United Nations Headquarters, New York with the main focus on importance of empowering women and girls with autism and involving them in the policy and decision making to address the challenges associated with autism.
When was the day proclaimed?
• The day was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly through the resolution 62/139.
• The World Autism Awareness Day was passed in the UN Council on November 1, 2007 and was adopted on December 18, 2007.
• This resolution was passed and adopted without a vote in the UN General Assembly.
• World Autism Day is also one of the only four official health-specific UN Days.
What is Autism?
• Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that manifests itself during the first three years of life.
• It results from a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain, mostly affecting children and adults in many countries, irrespective of gender, race or socio-economic status.
• It is characterized by impairments in social interaction, problems with verbal and non-verbal communication and repetitive behaviour and activities.