The Government of India set up a National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) in 1962. With the vision of Dr Vikram Sarabhai, INCOSPAR had set up the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) in Thiruvananthapuram for doing upper atmospheric research. We all know that the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is India's National Space Institute, which was formed in 1969 and superseded the erstwhile INCOSPAR. It is headquartered in the Karnataka capital of Bengaluru. The main function of ISRO is to provide space technology to India. It develops and delivers specific satellite products and tools to the nation. Space program mainly consists of satellites, launchers, rockets and geosynchronous systems.
One of the world's most trusted launch vehicles is Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). It has been providing its services for more than 20 years. Some remarkable launches of PSLV are Chandrayaan-1, Mangalyaan-1 (First Mars Orbiter Mission by India) and Astrosat (First Indian dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory) etc. Through this article we will study ten amazing facts about PSLV C-40.
10 Amazing facts about PSLV C-40
1. ISRO has successfully launched PSLV C-40 which carries the Cartosat-2 Series earth observation Satellite and 30 co-passenger satellites. It was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota at 9.29 am. PSLV 31 satellites, weighs 1323 kg and deployed in the upper orbit of the Earth after observation.
2. The PSLV-C 40 co-passenger satellite includes 2 satellites from India, while 28 satellites from six countries via Canada, Finland, France, Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States. Do you know that the satellites that the PSLV is carrying is India’s 100th satellite where as Cartosat 2 is a surveillance satellite?
3. Do you know that 19 of the 28 international co-passenger satellites are from America, five from South Korea and one each from Canada, France, Britain and Finland.
4. According to the scientists, this mission is a unique one as the satellites that are to be launched will be in two orbits.
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5. Cartosat 2 is a monitoring satellite and will be used to monitor the coastal areas and cities. It has a high-resolution camera, which will provide high resolution scene specific spot images.
6. Another interesting fact is Cartosat-2 series (710Kg) was the first to be separated from the rocket and placed into sun synchronous orbit at 505 km above the earth. It also has a co-passenger satellite that includes 100 kilograms of micro satellites and 10 kilograms of nano satellites in different orbits.
7. The 28 International customer satellites are being launched under the commercial agreements between ISRO and Ántrix Corporation Ltd’. This will be the third satellite of the 100th satellite Cartosat-2 series.
8. The mission of Cartosat-2 series will orbit the Earth for a period of five years.
9. Amazing, PSLV rocket of ISRO’s workhorse weighs nearly 320 tonnes and stands up to 44.4 meters which is equivalent to a 15-storey building. Also, the whole process of placing the satellites in two orbits took 2 hours 21 minutes which is the longest so far.
10. PSLV-C 40 is the ISRO’s first space mission of 2018. On 31 August 2017, a similar rocket failed to place the country's eighth navigation satellite in the Earth’s lower orbit. It maintains one of the largest fleet of communication satellites (INSAT) and IRS satellites.
It would not be wrong to say that ISRO is India's strongest launching station. It provides services to other countries also. It maintains one of the largest fleet of communication satellites (INSAT) and remote sensing (IRS) satellites to cater the demand for fast and reliable communication and earth observation respectively.