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Difference between Wildlife Sanctuary, Biosphere Reserves and National Park

15-DEC-2017 19:11
    Difference between Wildlife Sanctuary, Biosphere Reserves and National Park

    We must make every effort to preserve, conserve and manage biodiversity. Protected areas, from large wilderness reserves to small sites for particular species, and reserves for controlled uses. The wildlife sanctuary, biosphere reserves and national park are designated places for protecting the wild plants, animals and natural habitats.

    Difference between Wildlife Sanctuary, Biosphere Reserves and National Park

    Wildlife Sanctuary

    Wildlife Sanctuary

    Source: www.indianmirror.com

    It is a consecrated place where sacred species are kept. It is not open for general public, unlike zoo. In other words, we say, it tries not to allow any activity that would place the animals in an unduly stressful situation. India has 543 wildlife sanctuaries.

    Characteristics of Wildlife Sanctuary

    1. It is natural area which is reserve by a governmental or private agency for the protection of particular species.

    2. Area is designated for the protection of wild animals.

    3. Only animals are conserved, Could be private property also, outside activities allowed

    4. It came under the category called “Protected Areas”. The Protected Areas are declared under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

    5. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has defined  its Category IV type of protected areas

    Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

    National Park

    National Park

    It is a home to many species of birds and animals which is established by central and state government for the conservation.

    Characteristics of National Park

    1. Reserve area of land, owned by the government.

    2. Area is protected from human exploitation, industrialization and pollution.

    3. No cutting, Grazing allowed, Outside Species Allowed

    4. It came under the category called “Protected Areas”. The Protected Areas are declared under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

    5. Conservation of 'wild nature' for posterity and as a symbol of national pride.

    6. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and its World Commission on Protected Areas, has defined  its Category II type of protected areas.

    National Parks in India

    Biosphere Reserves

    Biosphere Reserves

    The International Co-ordinating Council (ICC) of UNESCO designated of ‘Biosphere reserve’ for natural areas from November, 1971. There are 18 Biosphere Reserves in India.

    Characteristics of Biosphere Reserve

    1. Notified areas which cover a larger area of land which may cover multiple National Parks, Sanctuaries and reserves as well.

    2. Areas are meant for conservation of biodiversity of a specific area.

    3. Three areas: Core, Buffer & Marginal. No outside Species allowed Conservation & research purpose.

    4. It is internationally recognized within the framework of UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme and nominated by national governments.

    5. The Ministry of Environment and Forest provides financial assistance to the respective State governments for conservation of landscape and biological diversity and cultural heritage.

    Biosphere Reserves in India

    Conservation of biodiversity is an essential part of the environment.  By conservation, we do not mean preservation, but conservation means the utilization of natural sources in such a way that they are not allowed to destroy. The maintenance of species and ecosystems is a keystone sustainable development. Conservation of biodiversity includes all human efforts to preserve wildlife and plants from extinction as well as wise management of wildlife, plants and their environment.

    Environment & Ecology: A Complete Study Material

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