How many breeds of cows found in India?

India’s economy is largely based on agriculture and animal husbandry in which milk production plays an important role. It is also the largest buffalo milk producer in the world. There are 37 cow breed found in the country, but out of these Sahiwal, Gir, Red Sindhi, Tharparkar and Rathi are known for milking attributes. The annual production of milk in India is about146.31 Million tonnes of Milk. Here, we are the giving India’s famous breeds of cows which are found across the country.
Created On: Jun 1, 2017 14:36 IST
Modified On: Jun 1, 2017 14:35 IST

India’s economy is largely based on agriculture and animal husbandry in which milk production plays an important role. It is also the largest buffalo milk producer in the world. There are 37 cow breed found in the country, but out of these Sahiwal, Gir, Red Sindhi, Tharparkar and Rathi are known for milking attributes. The annual production of milk in India is about146.31 Million tonnes of Milk.

Milk Producing Region

Here, we are the giving India’s famous cow breeds which are found across the country.

How many breeds of cows found in India?

1. Gir

Gir Cow

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average Yield/lactation: 2000-6000 kg   

Geographical Region:  Saurashtra, Gujarat       

Characteristics: This breed is highest producer of milk among all breeds in India and used for making hybrid variety not only in India but also other countries like Brazil.

2. Sahiwal

Sahiwal

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 2000-4000kg

Geographical Region    : Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana    

Characteristics: This cow is also called ‘Red Gold’ and identified by its prominent red colour.

3. Red Sindhi

Red Sindhi

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 1100-2600 Kg

Geographical Region    : Originated in Sind, Pakistan

Characteristics:   The range of this cow in colour from a deep reddish brown to a yellowish red, but most commonly a deep red. It has a very high genetic potential for milk as compare to Sahiwal.

4. Rathi

Rathi

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 1800-3500 kg

Geographical Region: Bikaner, Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab

Characteristics: It is characterized by its white skin with black or gray spots but usually found brown in colour. It is believe that evolved from intermixing of Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Tharparkar and Dhanni breeds with a preponderance of Sahiwal blood.

5. Tharparkar

Tharparkar

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 913 -2146 kg

Geographical Region: Sindh (Pakistan), Kutch, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur        

Characteristics: The “White Sindhi”, “Grey Sindhi” and “Thari” are another name of this breed. This cow has better heat tolerance and disease resistance and hence it was used for producing “Karan Fries” breed - a synthetic crossbred cattle breed at National Dairy Research institute (NDRI).

6. Deoni

Deoni

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 638-1229 kg

Geographical Region : Marathwada, Maharashtra   

Characteristics: The “Surti”, “Dongarpati”, “Dongri”, “Wannera”, “Waghyd”, “Balankya” and “Shevera” are the another name of this cow breed. It is believed to be evolved from the mixture of Gir, Dangi and local cattle.

7. Hariana

Hariana Cow

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 1000-2000 kg

Geographical Region: Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan   

Characteristics: This breed is good milkers.

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8. Kankrej

Kanakrej

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 1500-4000 kg

Geographical Region: Bhuj, North Gujarat, Rajasthan

Characteristics: The “Wadad” or “Waged”, “Vagadia”, “Talabda”, “Nagar”, “Bonnai” are the famous names of this breed. The milk of this breed is very useful in tick fever, heat stress, contagious abortion and tuberculosis.

9. Ongole

Ongole

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 700- 798 kg

Geographical Region: Guntur, Ongole in Andhra Pradesh

Characteristics: They are fair milkers. 

10. Red Kandhari

Red Kandhari

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 500-598 Kg

Geographical Region: Marathwada, Maharashtra.       

Characteristics: This breed produces fair quantity of milk.

11. Nimari

Nimari

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 600-954 Kg

Geographical Region: Khandwa, Madhya Pradesh      

Characteristics: This is identifies as copper colour, with patches of white.

12. Malvi

Malvi

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 627-1227 Kg

Geographical Region    : Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan 

Characteristics: These cows are average milkers.

13. Dangi

Dangi Cow

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 175- 800 kg

Geographical Region: Western Maharashtra

Characteristics: It is characterised by white coat colour with red or black spots distributed unevenly over the body.

14. Khillari

Khillari

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 240 to 515 Kg

Geographical Region: Southern Maharashtra, Northern Karnataka         

Characteristics: The “Mandeshi”, “Shikari” and “Thillar” are the common names of this breed. They are average milker.

15. Amritmahal

Amritmahal Cow

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 1000-1200 kg

Geographical Region: Karnataka    

Characteristics: The “Doddadana”, “Jawari Dana” and “Number Dana” are famous names of this Breed. They are average milkers.

16. Hallikar

Hallikar

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 227-1134 kg

Geographical Region: Hassan, Mysore, Tunkur districts of Karnataka     

Characteristics: The milk of this breed is thinner and produces low yields of milk.

17. Kangayam

Kangayam

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 500-540 kg        

Geographical Region: Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu  

Characteristics: They are poor milkers.

18. Siri

Siri

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 425.8 Kg  

Geographical Region: Hills around Darjeeling and Sikkim. Originally from Bhutan

Characteristics: They are average milk producers.

19. Bachaur

bachaur cow

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 225 to 630 kg

Geographical Region: Sitamarhi, Bihar

Characteristics: It has very close similarity to the Hariana breed and average milk producers.

20. Mewati

Mewati Cow

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 958 Kg

Geographical Region: Rajasthan

Characteristics: Cows are said to be good milkers. They are similar to Hariana but there are traces of influence of are Gir, Kankrej and Malvi breeds.

21. Krishna Valley

Krishna Cow

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 500- 913 Kg

Geographical Region: Southern border of Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh

Characteristics: Cows are fair milkers.

22. Ponwar

Ponwar

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 300- 459 Kg

Geographical Region: Pilbhit, Uttar Pradesh

Characteristics: Cows are poor milkers.

23. Vechur

Vechur

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Average yield/lactation: 800-915 kg        

Geographical Region : Kerala      

Characteristics: It is recognised as the smallest cattle in the world.

In the above article will give the list of how many types of Cows breeds found in India and what is their lactation yield, where they found and their characteristics that will enhance the general knowledge of the readers.

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