The Indian architecture is one of the enduring achievements of the Indian Civilization, which has evolved through centuries. Indian architectures bear the living glory of respective periods of the history. Here, we are giving interesting facts about Gateway of India, which is considered as one of the great historical monument built during the British rule.
1. It was built as a triumphal arch to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to Mumbai, prior to the Delhi Durbar in December 1911.
2. Foundation stone was laid by the then Governor of Bombay (Mumbai) on March 31st 1913.
3. Architecture is the best example of the Indo-Sarcenic style (combination of India and Islamic architecture) which is quite majestic and a hybrid of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.
4. When King George V and Queen Mary visited entered India through this place; they only got to see the Cardboard Model of this Masterpiece.
5. It is built from yellow basalt and reinforced concrete, which is facing out to Mumbai Harbour from the tip of Apollo Bunder.
6. George Wittet was the chief architect of the Gateway of India.
7. India's most prestigious and luxurious hotel i.e. Taj Mahal Hotel is situated close to the Gateway of India.
8. It was completed in 1924 at a cost of Rs. 24 lakh. Its structural design is constituted of a large arch, with a height of 26m.
9. The central dome of Gateway of India in Mumbai is 48 feet in diameter and 83 feet high at the highest point.
10. The Elephanta Caves are located very close to the Gateway of India, and tourists can travel on motor boats where statues of the Maratha leader Shivaji and Swami Vivekananda are installed at the entrance of the Elephant Caves.
11. First Battalion of the Somerset Light Infantry passed through the Gateway on their way out in a ceremony on February 28, 1948, signalling the end of British rule.
12. It serves upto five jetties, the first one is used by Atomic Research Center exclusively, the second and the third are used for commercial ferry operations, the fourth is closed, and the fifth is used by Royal Bombay Yatch club, which has an interesting history of its own.
13. Today, it serves as a "monumental memento" of British colonial rule over India and also been referred to as the “Taj Mahal of Mumbai”.