International Mine Awareness Day and Assistance in Mine Action
This day spread awareness about the threat caused by landmines to the safety, health and lives of civilian populations and encourages state Governments to develop mine clearing programmes.
History behind the International Mine Awareness Day
The General Assembly on 8 December, 2005 declared that each year on 4 April would be officially proclaimed and observed as the International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action. It was first observed on 4 April, 2006. The continued efforts by states, assistance with the UN and relevant organisations, to help establish and develop national mine-action capacities in countries where mines and explosives war remnants constitute a serious threat to the safety, health and lives of people or hinders social and economic development at national and local levels.
Theme of International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action 2019
International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action 2019 theme is "United Nations Promotes SDGs – Safe Ground – Safe Home". The architecture of the reforms of peace and security comprises the entire humanitarian, peace building and sustainable development. For 20 years United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) has been working and solving the problems of the affected people and the threat of explosive hazards faced by civilians, peacekeepers and humanitarians. Basically, they protect civilians, support refugees, enable recovery activities, advocate human rights law etc.
Every year, UNMAS organises a multimedia exhibition at the United Nations Headquarters in New York to spread awareness about the threats caused by mines, explosive remnants of war and improvised explosive devices. With the co-organisers UNMAS announces a photo exhibition for the publice featuring the "Safe Ground" campaign, which promotes the linkage between mine action, sport and the Sustainable Development Goals by showing how replacing minefields with playing fields brings communities together and raises awareness about victims and survivors of armed conflict.
Meaning of ‘Advancing Protection, Peace and Development’
By providing risk education to the people with all the important information which is necessary for their protection. Further, to locate, remove and destroy explosive hazards and save the life of people living and working in such area.
Mine action plays a crucial role in enabling and sustaining peace. Help civilians to return into their normal lives by clearing land, open roads and provide assistance to victims which are also the examples of tangible peace dividends.
It is necessary to survey and clear the explosive hazards which enable the development to flourish. New pistachio forests have been planted; wheat is grown on land once contaminated etc. steps are taken.
So, now we come to know why International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action is celebrated across the world every year. Also, what is the theme of 2018 and what does it mean.