Jahangir was the only surviving son of Akbar who after his father’s death ascended the throne in 1604, at the age of 34 years. To come on the throne he had to ruthlessly fight his own son Khusrou. He got Khusrou blinded for his dreadful act of plotting against his own father. Jahangir was a good person but lacked his father’s valor and administrative genius.
His Personal Life
Jahangir was a great patron of art and literature he spent lavishly in building splendid buildings and gardens and mausoleums.
He was easily impressed by poets and writers especially who wrote verses in his praise.
Under his rule he got constructed the Akbar’s tomb, Idmaat ud Daulas tomb and the famous Jahangir Fort.
Being a great lover of art and beauty Jahangir fell in love with a young widow of his own Mughal officer, He was so impressed by her beauty that he gave her the name of “Noor Jahan”or ‘light of the world.’
Noor Jahan was very intelligent and capable lady who understood the weaknesses of her husband and very quietly she took over the command of the stately matters in her hands.
Historians know her as a true amalgamation of beauty with brains. She was liked by people who silently praised her intelligence over Jahangir.
Jahangir fought many wars of succession which gave him great pleasure. He was mostly at war with Rana of Mewar, Amar Singh. These wars made Jahangir’s army tired and fed up and they started losing interest in the king’s orders.
Jahangir also led campaigns against the Ahoms of Burma, Kangra, and most of the States of Deccan trap regions.
In his personal enmity with the Sikhs he kept planning ways to deploy his forces on this fighter clan. He showed his utter inhumanity by beheading the fifth Guru of the Sikhs at the Sheesh Ganj Gurudwara which brought complete enmity with the Sikhs.
Jahangir tried his level best to increase trade and commerce under his kingship; he even sought the help of the British forces to curb the Portuguese from entering the Southern regions of India. Main item to be exported was Indian Liquor which was finding its space in the foreign markets.
Historians do believe that the new trade routes could have been more beneficial for Jahangir’s kingdom but because of his weak administration and lack of trade policies trade did not take a serious bent.
By 1622 AD the Persians and the Uzbeks were fully aware of the political loop holes and handicaps that were jeopardizing Jahangirs rule. This was posing a big threat to Jahangir as he knew it well that the armies of Uzbeks and Persia were far stronger than his own army.
These Uzbek and Persian army’s started attacking Jahangir’s forces thus shaking their confidence and making them weak.
Jahangir who wanted to depend on his eldest son Shah Jahan was not giving his support thus weakened the Mughal king and made him ill in the process.
He was shifted to Kashmir for a change of environment, but he was too stressed and depressed that all the medicines and therapies failed on him.
On 7th November 1627 the ‘Conquerer of the World’ left for the heavenly abode. He was succeeded by his son Shahan Jahan on 28th November 1627 under the patronage of his Father in law, Asaf Khan.