One Word Substitution is an integral part of Verbal Aptitude segment in various competitive exams like SSC, LIC, CDS, etc. There are lots of words in the English language that can be used effectively in place of complex sentences or words to make writing to the point without losing the context. So let’s understand the various types of One Word Substitutes along with some ways to correctly identify the substitute of a given sentence.
In simple words, a One Word Substitution question requires you to replace a sentence with a single word. However, remember that while doing so, you must not change the exact meaning of the sentences.
For example: A person who is unable to pay his debts - Insolvent
Let us discuss some ways that can help you in identifying the substitute of a sentence.
Understanding the roots of words may help you find the meaning of the word even if you have no idea about it. Roots are nothing but the words from which the main word has been derived. Let us go through some examples to understand the importance of the root of the word for solving One Word Substitution questions:
CRACY = Rule / Government
CIDE = Killing
IBLE = Able to be
For attempting questions from this topic, students must work on improving their vocabulary. Let’s look at some ways of doing this:
This is an easy way to study and memorize words. There are a lot of online thesauruses like Oxford, Cambridge, etc., available in which a word and its substitute words can be found in one place.
Keep a pocket note book in which you can jot down a few words every day, say 10-20. The most important thing is you must go through the list frequently.
If you use a mobile or a tablet you can download free flash cards that may help you in learning or remembering new words.
Finally, you can also solve One Word Substitution questions by following the rule of elimination. Eliminate those options which do not fit in the context of the sentence and you will be able to arrive at the correct answer.