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Chera Dynasty | List of Chera Rulers and their contributions

08-DEC-2017 12:43

    The Chera Dynasty was one of the three major Kingdoms of Tamilkam and ruled over the present-day state of Kerala and to a lesser extent, parts of Tamil Nadu in South India. The word Chera probably derived from Cheral, meaning "declivity of a mountain" in ancient Tamil. They were also known as ‘Keraputras’ and their kingdom was situated to the west and north of the Pandya kingdom. As per recorded history, the Chera dynasty was broadly divided into two phases. The Early Chera ruled between the 4th century BC to 5th century AD and later Chera (also known as the Kulasekharas) were in power between the 8th and 12th century AD. Here, we are giving the list of Chera Rulers and their contributions for general awareness.

    Chera Dynasty

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    List of Chera Rulers and their contributions

    Name of Chera Rulers

    Reign (AD)

    Contribution (s)

    Uthiyan Cheralathan

    NA

    1. He was the first recorded Chera ruler of the Sangam period in ancient South India.

    2. He was popularly known as "Vanavaramban" (which means either "one whose kingdom reaches up to the sky" or "the one who's loved by the gods").

    Nedum Cheralathan

    NA

    1. Kannanar was his court poet.

    2. Took the title of Adhiraja.

    Selva Kadumko Valiathan

    NA

    NA

    Senguttuvan Chera

    NA

    1. Also known as Kadalpirakoottiya Vel Kelu Kuttuvan, Senguttavan, and Chenkuttuvan.

    Illam Cheral Irumporai

    NA

    NA

    Mantaran Cheral

    NA

    1. He was one of the mighty kings of the Chera Kingdom in Tamilakam, during the Sangam period.

    Kulashekhara Varma

    800–820

    1. Also known as 'Perumal', meaning 'The Great' – an epithet for god Rama.

    2. He considered as the author of Sanskrit lyrics Mukundamala and Perumal Tirumozhi, which are compiled as a part of Nalayira Divya Prabandham.

    Rajashekhara Varma

    820–844

    1. His another name was Ceraman Perumal Nayanar.

    2. He is the first known ruler of the Chera of Cranganore.

    3. The Hindu saint Adi Sankara was his contemporary. 

    Sthanu Ravi Varma

    844–885

    1. His reign was noted for developments in science, economic prosperity and political stability.

    2. Famous astronomer Sankara Narayana (the author of Sankara Narayaniyam, a commentary of Bhaskara's Laghu Bhaskariya) was member of the royal palace of Sthanu Ravi at Mahodayapuram.

    Rama Varma Kulashekhara

    885–917

    NA

    Goda Ravi Varma

    917–944

    NA

    Indu Kotha Varma

    944–962

    NA

    Bhaskara Ravi Varma I

    962–1019

    NA

    Bhaskara Ravi Varma II

    1019–1021

    NA

    Vira Kerala

    1021–1028

    NA

    Rajasimha

    1028–1043

    NA

    Bhaskara Ravi Varma III

    1043–1082

    NA

    Ravi Rama Varma

    1082–1090

    NA

    Rama Varma Kulashekhara

    1090–1102

    1. His full name was Raja Sri Rama Varma, Kulasekhara Perumal, alternatively Ramar Tiruvati or Kulasekhara Koyiladhikarikal).

    2. His reign was known for severe political crisis and instability.

    3. He was the last ruler of the Later Chera dynasty (Kulasekharas of Mahodayapuram).

    The Chera Kings had no particular religion - even the caste system was absent from their society - but ancestral worship was popular. In the above list of Chera Rulers and their contributions will enhance the general knowledge of the readers.

    Complete Study Material on Ancient History

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