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Chola Dynasty | List of Chola Rulers and their contributions

08-DEC-2017 12:54

    The Chola Dynasty was the greatest among all the south Indian dynasties. They ruled beyond the sea like Maldives Islands and Sri Lanka which shows that they had very efficient as well as huge naval power. Here, we are giving the list of Chola Rulers and their contributions for general awareness.

    Cholas Rulers and their Contribution

    List of Chola Rulers and their contributions

    Name of Chola Rulers (Kings)

    Period of Rule

    Contribution (s)

    Vijayalaya Chola

    848–891 AD

    1. Founder of the Chola Empire

    2. Took the title of Parakesarivarman

    3. He built solesvara temple of Narttamalai, Pudukkottai.

    Aditya I

    870 – 907 AD

    1. Known by the surname Kodandarama. 

    2. He was the son of Vijayalaya who extended the Chola dominions by the conquest of the Pallavas and occupied the Western Ganga Kingdom.

    3. He built 108 temples for Shiva along the banks of the Kaveri.

    Parantaka Chola I

    907-950 AD

    1. Took the title of Maduraiyum Elamum Konda Parakesarivarman – Parakesarivarman who conquered Madurai and Sri Lanka.

    2. Best part of his reign was marked by increasing success and prosperity.

    Gandaraditya Chola

    950-957 AD

    1. Known as "Merkey elundarulina devar" - the king who was pleased to go west.

    2. He had written Tamil hymn on Siva of the Chidambaram Temple.

    3. He was a reluctant monarch and focussed more on religious work and not on empire building.

    Arinjaya Chola

    956-957 AD

    1. He was also referred to by the names Arikulakesari, Arikesari, or Arindama.

    2. There is some debate among group of historian regarding whether Arinjaya actually succeeded Gandaraditya or whether Arinjaya ruled on his own right. There is little epigraphic evidence available to give us any concrete information on Arinjaya’s rule.

    Sundara Chola

    957-970 AD

    1. Known by the name Madhurantakan Sundara Chola and Parantaka Chola II.

    2. During his reign, both the both Sanskrit and Tamil literature received encouragement. The Buddhist work on Tamil grammar, Virasoliyam eulogises him as a parton of letters and of Buddhism.

    Uttama Chola

    970-985 AD

    1. He was the son of the illustrious Sembiyan Mahadevi and the cousin of Parantaka II.

    Rajaraja Chola I

    985-1014 AD

    1. He built the Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur, one of the largest Hindu temples.

    2. During his reign, the texts of the Tamil poets Appar, Sambandar and Sundarar were collected and edited into one compilation called Thirumurai.

    Rajendra Chola I

    1012-1044 AD

    1. He built a new capital city called Gangaikonda Cholapuram to commemorate his victory after defeating Mahipala, the Pala king of Bengal and Bihar.

    2. He built sixteen miles long and three miles wide artificial lake which was one of the largest man-made lakes in India.

    Rajadhiraja Chola

    1044-1054 AD

    1. He maintained the Chola authority over most of Lanka, Vengi, Kalinga, etc.

    2. He performed the horse sacrifice and earned the title Jayamkonda Cholan (The Victorious Cholan).

    3. He was also known as Vijaya Rajendra Cholan (the victorious Rajendra Cholan).

    4. He also assumed the title Jayangonda Chola.

    Rajendra Chola II

    1054-1063 AD

    1. He is best remembered for his role in the battle of Koppam along with his elder brother where he dramatically turned towards the Chalukyan King Someshvara I,after the death of his brother in 1052.

    Virarajendra Chola

    1063-1070 AD

    1. He was one of the most underrated Chola kings, mainly because a major part of his life was spent as a subordinate of his two elder brothers Rajadhiraja Chola I and Rajendra Chola II.

    2. The famous grammatical work in Tamil, Virasoliyam was written by Buddhamitra during his period.

    Athirajendra Chola

    1070-1070 AD

    1. His reign was marked by civil unrest, possibly religious in nature.

    Kulothunga Chola I

    1070-1122 AD

    1. He got the title Kulottunga, literally meaning the exalter of his race.

    2. Famous poet Jayamkondar Jayamkondar who wrote the poem Kalingattu parani to celebrate the military victories of Kulottunga Chola was one of the gems of his court.

    3. He established Chola overlordship over the Sri Vijaya province Kedah in Malaysia.

    Vikrama Chola

    1118-1135 AD

    1. He was a great devotee of Siva and greatly patronised the temple at Chidambaram.

    2. Took the title of Vikrama Chola was Tyagasamudra – the ocean of sacrifice.

    Kulothunga Chola II

    1133-1150 AD

    1. His reign was known for general peace and good governance.

    2. He was also called Tirunirruchola.

    Rajaraja Chola II

    1146-1173 AD

    1. He initiated the construction of the very famous Airavateswarar Temple at Darasuram near Kumbakonam.

    2. During his rule the chola navies did remain dominant in the western sea as well as eastern sea.

    Rajadhiraja Chola II

    1166-1178 AD

    1. He was known to have raised flower gardens around the place.

    2. During his reign witnesses the local feudatories and chieftains.

    Kulothunga Chola III

    1178–1218 AD

    1. He gained victories in war against the Hoysalas, Pandyas of Madurai, Cheras of Venad, the Sinhala kings of Eelam (Ceylon), as well as the Chodas of Velanadu and Nellore.

    2. He initiated commissioned the Sarabeswara or Kampahareswara temple at Tribhuvanam near Kumbakonam which is considered a great specimen of Dravidian Architecture.

    3. He built the mukha-mandapa of Sabhapati, the gopura of Goddess Girindraja (Sivakami) and the verandah around the enclosure (prakara harmya) in the Siva Temple of Chidambaram.

    Rajaraja Chola III

    1216–1256 AD

    1. Under his reign, the Chola had lost most of their control of the territories south of the river Kaveri and their hold on the Vengi territories in the north was slipping with the emergence of the Hoysala power.

    Rajendra Chola III

    1246–1279 AD

    1. During his reign, Pandyas destroyed the fort and the outer wall of the temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram.

    The Chola ruled for a long period from about the later half of the 9th century to the beginning of the 13th century, but after the advent of Pandayas, the Chola Empire collapsed. In the above list of Chola Rulers and their contributions will enhance the general knowledge of the readers.

    List of Temples Built during the Chola Period

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