After Cripps departure, Mahatma Gandhi framed a resolution calling for British withdrawal and a non-violent non-cooperation movement against any Japanese invasion. The famous Quit India Resolution was passed in the Bombay session of the AICC on August 8, 1942, followed by the call for a 'mass struggle on the non-violent lines on the widest possible scale' under Gandhi's leadership. The same day, Gandhi was in a truly militant mood and given slogan of 'Do or die', stating 'we shall either free India or die in the attempt'. Here, we are giving the list of Personalities Associated with Quit India Movement during British India, which helps the readers to enhance their knowledge about India’s freedom fighters.
Personalities Associated with Quit India Movement during British India
M K Gandhi
He planned an all-out campaign to compel British withdrawal from India, after the failure of the Cripps Mission to reach a compromise. At the historic August meeting at (Tank in Bombay, Gandhi proclaimed his mantra- do or die'. He was arrested on August 9, 1942. He undertook a 21 day fast in February 1943 to protest against the Government actions against Indians involved in the movement.
He was a member of the Congress Socialist group and played a prominent role in the movement.
Ram Manohar Lohia, Aruna Asaf Ali, Sucheta Kripalani, Chliotubhai Puranik, Biju Patnaik, R.P. Goenka and Achyut Patwardhan
They were leaders associated with the underground movement and revolutionary activities in support of Quit India Movement.
He called himself a Gandhian, formed a parallel government and captured all the ten police stations in Ballia, in east UP in August 1942.
She actively supported the movement and was an important member of a small group which ran the Congress Radio. Jawaharlal Nehru initially supported the arch Moderates, who was opposed to Gandhi's plan, but later, he moved the Quit India Resolution on August 8, 1942.
She helped Achyut Patwardhan in his underground activities. She later became India's leading woman industrialist.
He was a revolutionary activist, was elected the president of the Indian Independence League (formed in March 1942) in June 1942. He has lived in Japan since 1915 as a fugitive. He mobilised Indian soldiers taken as prisoners of war by the Japanese forces (after the British was defeated in South East Asia) for an armed rebellion against the British colonial rule.
Captain Mohan Singh
He was an Indian soldier fighting on behalf of the British was taken as a prisoner of war by the Japanese. He was persuaded by a Japanese army officer to work with the Japanese for India's freedom. He was appointed the commander of the Indian National Army.
Subhash Chandra Bose
He joined the Indian National Army in 1943. One of his most famous declarations was " तुम मुझे खून दो, मई तुम्हे आज़ादी दूंगा" (You give me blood, I will give you freedom). The INA played a significant role in the independence struggle under the leadership of Subhash Bose.
C. Rajagopalachari and Bhulabhai Desai
They were the arch-Moderates, who were in favour of recognising the rights of Muslim majority provinces to secede through plebiscites after independence had been gained. They resigned from the AICC in July 1942.
He brought out two militant issues of Harijan (after the arrest of Mahadev Desai) to arouse the sentiments of people.
He was a Congress leader in Bangalore, played an active role in the trade union field and organised strikes by about 30,000 workers.
He was a local Congress leader and the first sarbadhinayak of the Tamluk Jatiya Sarkar, helped in establish-ing a rebel 'national government' in Tamluk sub-division of Midnapore.
She was a 73-year-old peasant widow in Tamluk, was killed in violence on September 29, 1942, when the Sutahata police-station was captured. Matangini kept the national flag aloft even after being shot.
He was an illiterate villager, led a large tribal population from Koraput to protest against the Jeypore zamindari and attack police-stations. Lakshman Naik was hanged on November 16, 1942 for allegedly murdering a forest guard:
He headed a rebellion in Satara.
Gandhi had carefully built the tempo through Civil Disobedience Movements, organisational revamping and a consistent propaganda campaign. The Government, however, was in no mood to either negotiate with Congress or wait for the movement to be formally launched. In the above list of Personalities Associated with Quit India Movement during British India gives general awareness to the reader about how these personalities
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