List of Peshwas: Loyal Minister of Marathas

Peshwas were the loyal ministers of Marathas state who were appointed to assist the king in different administrative as well as political affairs.

Peshwas were the loyal ministers of Marathas state who were appointed to assist the king in different administrative as well as political affairs. Here, we are giving a “List of Peshwas” that will help you to understand the chronology of peshwas during Maratha rule.



Reign Began (AD)

Reign Ended (AD)

Balaji Vishwanath

Assisted the Syed Brothers in deposing the Mughal Emperor Farrukhsiyar in 1719

17 November 1713

12 April 1720

Baji Rao I

Helped conquer Central India (Malwa) and Rajputana and extended his dominions into Gujarat in the northwest and Deccan in the south. Raided Mughal Delhi in 1738. He was the most powerful Peshwa. Here are few noted quotes about Baji Rao First - 

"He died as he lived, in camp under canvas among his men, and he is remembered to this day among the Marathas as the fighting Peshwa and the incarnation of Hindu energy.” — Sir Richard Carnac Temple, Shivaji and the Rise of the Mahrattas

“Bajirao was a heaven born cavalry leader. In the long and distinguished galaxy of Peshwas, Bajirao was unequalled for the daring and originality of his genius and the volume and value of his achievements.” — Sir Jadunath Sarkar, foreword in V.G. Dighe's, Peshwa Bajirao I and Maratha Expansion

12 April 1720

28 April 1740

Balaji Bajirao

Managed to extend the Maratha territories into most of North-West, East and Central India. Lost the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761

28 April 1740

23 June 1761

Madhav-Rao I

Fraught with internal dissensions and successful Wars with the Nizam

23 June 1761

18 November 1772


Assassinated by Gardi guards

18 November 1772

30 August 1773


Responsible for extending empire till Peshawar in North-West and also saw the decline of Maratha power in North India. Deposed by Nana Phadnis & 11 other administrators in what is now called "The Baarbhai Conspiracy"



Madhav-Rao II

Dominated by the political intrigues of Nana Phadnis. Saw the resurgence of Maratha power in North India.


27 October 1795

Baji Rao II

1st Reign - Was defeated by Yashwantrao Holkar, ruler of Indore, at the Battle of Poona. Fled to British protection, and in December 1802, concluded the Treaty of Bassein with the British East India Company, ceding territory for the maintenance of a subsidiary force and agreeing to treaty with no other power. This provoked the Second Anglo-Maratha War that began the breakup of the Maratha confederacy.



2nd Reign - During his second reign began the Third Anglo-Maratha War. After the defeat at the Battle of Koregaon in January 1818, he was on the run from the British. Eventually, the British took over his dominion and made the Maratha King Pratap Singh of Satara declare in favour of the British and this ended the Peshwa's legal position as head of the Maratha confederacy. On 3 June 1818, Baji Rao surrendered to the British; he was banished to Bithur near Kanpur.



Nana Sahib

He was a leader during the Indian Uprising of 1857. As the adopted son of the exiled Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao II, he sought to restore the Maratha confederacy and the Peshwa tradition.



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