National Civil Services Day 2023: Date, Theme, History, Significance, Key facts & More

National Civil Services Day 2023: On this day, civil servants dedicate themselves to the cause of citizens, and renew their commitments and excellence in work. What is National Civil Service Day and why is it celebrated on 21 April every year? Let us find out!
National Civil Service Day
National Civil Service Day

National Civil Services Day 2023: It is observed on April 21 every year to acknowledge the work of officers who are engaged in various public service departments in the country. This day is also a reminder for civil servants to run the administrative machinery of the country collectively and with a dedication to serving the citizens. And there is no official theme to celebrate this day.

As we know Civil Service is the service that is responsible for the public administration of the government of the country. It does not include legislative, judiciary, and military personnel. Let us tell you that the civil service members do not take any pledge to any political ruling party but are the executioners of the policies of the ruling political party.

Civil Service in India consists of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and a comprehensive list of All India Services and Central Services Group A and Group B. 21 April is dedicated to the Civil Service people to commemorate their exemplary services and to reflect back what they have done years back. Also, on this day they make plans for the coming year, and how they have to work for their respective departments.

National Civil Services Day 2023: History

Civil Service word dates back to the British time when British East India Company civilian staff were involved in administrative jobs and were known as 'Public Servants'. Its foundation has been laid by Warren Hastings and later more reforms were done by Charles Cornwallis and so he was known as the "Father of Civil Services in India".

The date of April 21 was chosen to commemorate the day in 1947 when Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the first Home Minister of Independent India, addressed probationers of Administrative Services Officers at Metcalf House in Delhi. He referred to civil servants as the 'steel frame of India'. That is civil servants who are working in different departments or at various levels of the government act as the supporting pillars of the administrative system of the country.

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Why is 21 April celebrated as National Civil Services Day?

Its origin is related to the year 1947 when on 21st April Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, Home Minister of Independent India addressed the probationary officers at the All India Administrative Service Training School at Metcalfe House, Delhi. He delivered a powerful speech and empowered the Civil Servants to adopt the true role of national service leaving behind the past experience. In his speech he referred to civil servants as the 'steel frame of India'. The first such function was held in Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi on 21 April 2006. And from then April 21 has been celebrated as National Civil Service Day.

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National Civil Services Day 2023: Significance

This day is set aside to recognize and inspire government workers. The administration also recognizes the veterans' accomplishments on this day by giving them medals in recognition of their service. India's Prime Minister bestows Awards for Excellence on this day to honour the nation's civil servants for their significant contributions to public service. So the main objectives are:

  • To motivate and appreciate the work and efforts of Civil Service officers.
  • Central Government uses this opportunity to evaluate the work of various departments under the civil services.
  • The central government felicitates and provides awards to the best working individuals and groups.

Facts About Civil Services Days 2023

  • On April 21, 1947, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel gave a speech to the first group of civil servants in Independent India at the Metcalf House.
  • In his rousing speech, he referred to the public servants as the "steel frame of India."
  • After 1947, the Indian Civil Service developed into its current shape.
  • The first Indian to emigrate to India was Satyendranath Tagore.
  • The most senior position an IAS officer can hold is cabinet secretary.
  • Anna George Malhotra was the first woman to hold an IAS position.
  • The first female IPS officer is Kiran Bedi.
  • IFS officer Beno Zephine N L is totally blind.

On this day mostly all the officers of Central and State Governments are awarded by the Prime Minister of India for their extraordinary services in the field of public administration. And the function is organized by the Department of the Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG) and the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances, and Pensions.

Every year lakhs of candidates apply for the Indian Civil Service exam for almost a thousand posts. But we can't ignore that civil service is the pillar on which the government runs policies and programs for the country. The contribution of civil servants to society and the nation as a whole can't be expressed in words. Therefore, 21 April is celebrated as Civil Service Day to encourage civil servants for their immense contribution to the nation.

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