National Civil Services Day 2022: Know History, Significance, and Key facts Here

National Civil Services Day 2022: On this day, civil servants dedicate themselves to the cause of citizens, and renew their commitments and excellence in work. What is National Civil Service Day and why is it celebrated on 21 April every year? Let us find out!
Created On: Apr 21, 2022 09:10 IST
Modified On: Apr 21, 2022 09:10 IST
National Civil Service Day
National Civil Service Day

National Civil Services Day 2022: It is observed on April 21 every year to acknowledge the work of officers who are engaged in various public service departments in the country. It is also a reminder for civil servants to run the administrative machinery of the country collectively and with a dedication to serving the citizens.

The date of April 21 was chosen to commemorate the day in 1947 when Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the first Home Minister of Independent India, addressed probationers of Administrative Services Officers at Metcalf House in Delhi. He referred to civil servants as the 'steel frame of India'. That is civil servants who are working in different departments or at various levels of the government act as the supporting pillars of the administrative system of the country.

On this day, the Prime Minister's Awards for Excellence in Public Administration are presented. In the Awards scheme, a large number of Districts across the country participate and the scale of the entire process is very large. 

As we know Civil Service is the service that is responsible for the public administration of the government of the country. It does not include legislative, judiciary, and military personnel. Let us tell you that the civil service members do not take any pledge to any political ruling party but are the executioners of the policies of the ruling political party.

Civil Service word date back to the British time when British East India Company civilian staff were involved in administrative jobs and were known as 'Public Servants'. Its foundation has been laid by Warren Hastings and later more reforms were done by Charles Cornwallis and so he was known as the "Father of Civil Services in India".

Civil Service in India consists of Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and a comprehensive list of All India Services and Central Services Group A and Group B. 21 April is dedicated to the Civil Service people to commemorate their exemplary services and to reflect back what they have done years back. Also, on this day they make planning for the coming year, how they have to work for their respective departments.

READ| National Civil Services Day 2022: Top 21 Inspirational Quotes by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Why is 21 April celebrated as National Civil Services Day?

Its origin is related to the 1947 year when on 21st April Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, Home Minister of Independent India addressed the probationary officers at the All India Administrative Service Training School at Metcalfe House, Delhi. He delivered a powerful speech and empowered the Civil Servants to adopt the true role of national service leaving behind the past experience. In his speech he referred to civil servants as the 'steel frame of India'. The first such function was held in Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi on 21 April, 2006. So, since 2006 it has been celebrated as National Civil Service Day on 21 April. On this day the Prime Minister's Awards for Excellence in Public Administration are also given.

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National Civil Services Day objective behind celebration

- To motivate and appreciate the work and efforts of Civil Service officers.

- Central Government uses this opportunity to evaluate the work of various departments under the civil services.

- The central government felicitates and provides awards to the best working individuals and groups.

On this day mostly all the officers of central and State Governments are awarded by the Prime Minister of India for their extraordinary services in the field of public administration. Do you know that the function is organised by the Department of the Administrative Reforms and Public grievances (DARPG) and the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions?

The 'Prime Minister Award for Excellence in Public Administration 'is awarded in three categories.

Every year lakhs of candidates apply for the Indian Civil Service exam for almost a thousand posts. But we can't ignore that civil service is the pillar on which the government-run is the vehicle of policies and programmes of the country smoothly. The contribution of civil servants to society and the nation as a whole can't be expressed in words. Therefore, 21 April is celebrated as Civil Service Day to encourage civil servants for their immense contribution to the nation.

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