The Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO) was founded on December 2, 1902 as the health organization of the Inter-American System. The entire functioning of the organisation revolving around the improvement and the protection of the public health.
To the achieve organisational goal, it promotes technical cooperation between countries and works in partnership with ministries of health and other government agencies, civil society organizations, other international agencies, universities, social security agencies, community groups, and other partners.
Administrative Structure of PAHO
There are three administrative unit of PAHO i.e. The Pan American Sanitary Conference, the Directing Council, and the Executive Committee which are discussed below-
1. Pan American Sanitary Conference: It is an apex administrative unit of the organisation who designed the general policies of the organisation and serve as a platform for the exchange of information and ideas relating to the prevention of disease; the preservation, promotion and restoration of mental and physical health; and the advancement of socio-medical measures and facilities for the prevention and treatment of physical and mental diseases in the Western Hemisphere. It meets every five year.
2. Directing Council: It is second apex body of the organisation that meets once in a year when the Pan American Sanitary Conference does not meets.
3. Executive Committee: It is composed of nine elected Member States of the Organization by the Conference or the Council for overlapping periods of three years which meets twice a year. It acts as a working party of the Conference or Council.
PAHO work for the strengthening the universal access of the primary health care system by assisting those countries who are involves in the combating infectious diseases like malaria, cholera, dengue, HIV and tuberculosis as well as the region's growing epidemic of non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes.
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