UN Conference on Environment and Development

The UN Conference on Environment and Development is another name of Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit, Rio Summit, Rio Conference, and Earth Summit. It was the first conference on the global environment to rethink economic development and find ways to stop the destruction of irreplaceable natural resources and pollution of the Earth.
Created On: Oct 10, 2016 15:32 IST

The UN Conference on Environment and Development is another name of Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit, Rio Summit, Rio Conference, and Earth Summit. It was the first conference on the global environment to rethink economic development and find ways to stop the destruction of irreplaceable natural resources and pollution of the Earth.

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It was the first conference on the global environment to rethink economic development and find ways to stop the destruction of irreplaceable natural resources and pollution of the Earth. The Conference was held in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992.

List of International organisation and their abbreviation

UN Conference on Environment and Development of 1992

Conference

At Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), 3-14 June 1992

Informal name

The Earth Summit

Host Government

Brazil

Number of Governments participating

172, 108 at level of heads of State or Government

Conference Secretary-General

Maurice F. Strong, Canada

Organizers

Secretariat of UNCED

Theme of Conference

Environment and sustainable development

NGO presence

Some 2,400 representatives of non-governmental organizations (NGOs); 17,000 people attended the parallel NGO Forum

Resulting document

Agenda 21, the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, the Statement of Forest Principles, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity

Follow-up mechanisms


Follow-up mechanisms: Commission on Sustainable Development; Inter-agency Committee on Sustainable Development; High-level Advisory Board on Sustainable Development

Agreements on global environmental of the UN Conference on Environment and Development

The conference was the resultant of two years of negotiations by the Preparatory Committees and thus the conference was held on global environmental issues. There were five major agreements were signed on global environmental issues which are given below:

1. The Framework Convention on Climate Change: It deals with the potential human-induced global warming by pledging countries to seek "stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system."

2. The Convention on Biological Diversity: It states that the Parties to the Biodiversity Treaty "affirm sovereign rights over the biological resources found within their countries, while accepting responsibility for conserving biological diversity and using biological resources in a sustainable manner," according to an International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) assessment of the treaty.

3. Agenda 21:  It is non-binding, voluntarily implemented action plan for 21st century with regard to sustainable development.

4. The Rio Declaration: In this agreement, the conference summarizes the consensus principles of sustainable development.

5. Statement on Forest Principles: It pledges parties to more sustainable use of forest.

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