World Hepatitis Day 2019: Current Theme, History and Significance
Do you know that 9 out of 10 people are living with viral hepatitis and are unaware?
According to WHO:
- 325 million people are living with viral hepatitis B and C.
- In 2017, people those who became newly infected are 2,850,000.
- 80% of people living with hepatitis lack prevention, testing and treatment.
- 6US$ billion investment needed annually to achieve global elimination targets by 2030.
Viral hepatitis causes around 1.4 million deaths every year mainly due to viral hepatitis B and C. After tuberculosis, viral hepatitis is second major killer infectious disease. 9 times more people are infected with hepatitis than with HIV. Let us tell you that Hepatitis is preventable, treatable and in case of hepatitis C, it is curable.
World Hepatitis Day 2019: Theme
The theme of World Hepatitis Day 2019 is “Invest in eliminating Hepatitis”. The theme focuses on the hepatitis elimination goals by 2030, in the context of the universal health coverage. The country that will host World Hepatitis Day 2019 is Pakistan. In Islamabad, Pakistan, the global event will be held on 27-28 July 2019.
World Hepatitis Day: History
This is the world level awareness campaign which is launched as a global health campaign by the World Health Organisation to make the world hepatitis free. Earlier, on 1st October, 2004, it was celebrated as an international Hepatitis C Awareness by the patient groups of European and Middle Eastern regions. Also, various countries observe hepatitis day on different dates. To make this campaign as a best awareness campaign in 2008, the World Hepatitis Alliance had declared 19th May as the first World Hepatitis Day in association with the patient groups.
Further, in May 2010 in the 63rd World Health Assembly, the date was changed to 28 July after adopting the earlier declaration. And the name of the day became World Hepatitis Day to increase awareness about the hepatitis disease at national and international level. To honour the "Nobel Laureate Baruch Samuel Blumberg, 28 July was declared as the final date to celebrated World Hepatitis Day because 28 July is his birthday and he discovered the hepatitis B virus.
Now, let us study about Hepatitis disease
Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver. Commonly, it is caused due to viral infection but some other causes are also there. Like autoimmune hepatitis that results due to secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins and alcohol. Autoimmune disease occurs when body makes antibodies against your liver tissues or due to some toxic substances like alcohol, certain drugs etc.
Liver is present in the right upper area of the abdomen. It performs several critical functions that affect metabolism throughout the body.
Source: www. www.webmd.com
- It produces bile juice which is necessary for digestion.
- It filters toxins from the body.
- It helps in the excretion of bilirubin a product of broken-down red blood cells, cholesterol, hormones and drugs.
- It helps in breaking down of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
- It activates enzymes in our body which are some specialised proteins necessary for the function of the body.
- It store glycogen, minerals and vitamins (A, D, E and K).
- It helps in the synthesis of blood proteins like albumin.
- Synthesis of clotting factors.
Note: The condition of hepatitis may results into fibrosis, cirrhosis or liver cancer.
There are five main hepatitis viruses namely A, B, C, D and E. Hepatitis B and C lead to chronic disease in hundreds of millions of people and together are the most common cause of liver cirrhosis and cancer.
Hepatitis A and E are mainly caused due to ingestion of contaminated food or water. Hepatitis B, C and D may also cause due to contact with infected body fluids. Modes of transmission of these viruses include receipt of contaminated blood or blood products, invasive medical procedures using contaminated equipment and for hepatitis B transmission from mother to baby at birth, from family member to child and also by sexual contact.
If there is acute infection that limited or no symptoms occur like jaundice, dark urine, extreme fatigue, vomiting and abdominal pain.
Reasons behind celebrating World Hepatitis Day
- To encourage and aware people about the early diagnosis, prevention and treatment from the hepatitis.
- To raise awareness among public about types of hepatitis disease.
- To provide an opportunity to focus together on the disease Hepatitis.
- To tell people about prevention, early diagnosis, screening, control etc.
- To increase awareness about the vaccine of Hepatitis A and B.
- To educate people and expand it for immunisation, prevention, diagnosis and control.
- To make people aware about the care and treatment for those people suffering from hepatitis.
- To make people get tested the disease at an early stage.
- To implement new training methods and number of skilled medical professionals in order to enhance the quality care.
- To promote several health and governments organisations in the whole world for their active involvement in the event to create or discover new strategies against hepatitis.
- To promote professional staff members so that they can participate in the event.
Therefore, Hepatitis is a disease that is caused due to infectious virus and affects the liver. It is of five types and may leads to some serious diseases. So, proper treatment, diagnose and precaution should be needed. And to raise awareness among people about the hepatitis disease World Hepatitis Day is celebrated on 28 July every year with a particular theme.