The World Summit on Sustainable Development was also known as Earth Summit II or Rio +10 which was organised after 10 years of the first Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro to develop consensus on the sustainable development by the United Nations.
Why was World Summit on Sustainable Development organised?
The alarming deterioration in the earth's ecosystems compelled the global leaders to organise the summit to pursue new initiatives on the implementation of sustainable development and the building of a prosperous and secure future for their citizens at Johannesburg, South Africa, from 26 August to 4 September, 2002.
What was the outcome of the World Summit on Sustainable Development?
1. The Summit set the priorities for the detailing of the implementation plan and actions for the countries on way of sustainability.
2. The Summit gives a political statement in the form of a "Johannesburg Declaration", to be agreed by world leaders, reaffirming their commitment to work towards sustainable development.
3. The Summit will serve as a platform for the launch of new partnership initiatives known as "Type 2" outcomes -- by and between governments, NGOs and businesses, to tackle specific problems and achieve measurable results.
The Earth Summit II or Rio +10 made the commitment to be one of the largest and important global meetings ever held on the integration of economic, environmental and social decision-making. It will focus on building a commitment at the highest levels of government and society to better implement Agenda 21, the roadmap for achieving sustainable development adopted at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development -- the "Earth Summit" -- held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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