CBSE Class 10 Important MCQ on Chapter 15 Probability with Answers: Important for Maths Exam 2020
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Class 10 Maths MCQs on Chapter 15- Probability are provided here with answers and their detailed solutions. All the questions are prepared based on the latest exam pattern. Students should solve all these questions to prepare the objective type questions and assess their preparation level for the CBSE Class 10 Maths Exam 2020. These MCQ Questions for Class 10 Maths with Answers are also available here in PDF format to allow students easily download the practice test.
Check below the solved MCQs from Class 10 Maths Chapter 15Probability:
Q1. A dice is thrown. Find the probability of getting an even number.
(A) 2/3
(B) 1
(C) 5/6
(D) 1/2
Answer: (D)
Explanation: Total number of cases = 6 (1,2,3,4,5,6)
There are three even numbers 2,4,6
Therefore probability of getting an even number is:
P (even) = 3/6
⇒ P (even) = 1/2
Q2. Two coins are thrown at the same time. Find the probability of getting both heads.
(A) 3/4
(B) 1/4
(C) 1/2
(D) 0
Answer: (B)
Explanation: Since two coins are tossed, therefore totalnumber of cases = 2^{2 }= 4
Therefore, probability of getting heads in both coins is:
∴ P (head) = 1/4
CBSE Class 10th Maths Chapter-wise Important Formulas, Theorems & Properties
Q3. Two dice are thrown simultaneously. The probability of getting a sum of 9 is:
(A) 1/10
(B) 3/10
(C) 1/9
(D) 4/9
Answer: (C)
Explanation: Total cases = 36
Total cases in which sum of 9 can be obtained are:
(5, 4), (4, 5), (6, 3), (3, 6)
∴ P (9) = 4/36 = 1/9
Q4. 100 cards are numbered from 1 to 100. Find the probability of getting a prime number.
(A) 3/4
(B) 27/50
(C) 1/4
(D) 29/100
Answer: (C)
Explanation: Total prime numbers from 1 to 100 are:
2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71, 73, 79, 83, 89, 97
That means 25 out of 100
So probability is:
P (prime) = 25/100
⇒ P (prime) = 1/4
Q5. A bag contains 5 red balls and some blue balls .If the probability of drawing a blue ball is double that of a red ball, then the number of blue balls in a bag is:
(A) 5
(B) 10
(C) 15
(D) 20
Answer: (B)
Explanation: Let the number of blue balls be x
Then total number of balls will be 5 + x.
According to question,
x/(5 + x) = 2 X (5/5+x)
⇒ x = 10
Q6. A box of 600 bulbs contains 12 defective bulbs. One bulb is taken out at random from this box. Then the probability that it is non-defective bulb is:
(A) 143/150
(B) 147/150
(C) 1/25
(D) 1/50
Answer: (B)
Explanation:
P (non-defective bulb) = 1 – P (Defective bulb)
= 1 – (12/600)
= (600 – 12)/600
= 588/600
= 147/150
CBSE Class 10 Science Important MCQs for Board Exam 2020
Q7. Cards marked with numbers 2 to 101 are placed in a box and mixed thoroughly. One card is drawn from this box randomly, then the probability that the number on card is a perfect square.
(A) 9/100
(B) 1/10
(C) 3/10
(D) 19/100
Answer: (B)
Explanation: The perfect square numbers between 2 to 101 are:
1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81, 100
Total numbers from 2 to 101 =100
So probability of getting a card with perfect square number is:
P (perfect square) = 10/100
⇒ P (perfect square) = 1/10
Q8. What is the probability of getting 53 Mondays in a leap year?
(A) 1/7
(B) 53/366
(C) 2/7
(D) 7/366
Answer: (C)
Explanation: With 366 days, the number of weeks in a year is
366/7 = 52 (2/7)
i.e., 52 complete weeks which contains 52 Mondays,
Now 2 days of the year are remaining.
These two days can be
(Sunday, Monday), (Monday, Tuesday), (Tuesday, Wednesday), (Wednesday, Thursday), (Thursday, Friday), (Friday, Saturday), (Saturday, Sunday)
i.e., there are 7 pairs, in which Monday occurs in 2 pairs,
So probability is:
P (53 Monday) = 2/7
CBSE Class 10 Maths Exam Pattern 2020
Q9. A card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability of getting a king of red suit.
(A) 1/26
(B) 3/26
(C) 7/52
(D) 1/13
Answer: (A)
Explanation: There are total 4 kings in 52 cards, 2 of red colour and 2 of black colour
Therefore, Probability of getting a king of red suit is:
P (King of red suit) = 2/52
⇒ P (King of red suit) = 1/26
Q10. A game of chance consists of spinning an arrow which is equally likely to come to rest pointing to one of the number 1,2,3……12 ,then the probability that it will point to an odd number is:
(A) 1/6
(B) 1/12
(C) 7/12
(D) 5/12
Answer: (A)
Explanation: The odd numbers in 1,2,3……..12 are:
1,3,5,7,9,11
Therefore probability that an odd number will come is:
P (odd number) = 6/12
⇒ P (odd number) = 1/2
CBSE Class 10 Maths Important Questions for Board Exam 2020
Q11. A game consists of tossing a one rupee coin 3 times and noting its outcome each time. Aryan wins if all the tosses give the same result i.e. three heads or three tails and loses otherwise. Then the probability that Aryan will lose the game.
(A) 3/4
(B) 1/2
(C) 1
(D) 1/4
Answer: (A)
Explanation: Total outcomes are:
HHH, HHT, HTH, THH, HTT, THT, TTH, TTT
Favourable outcomes for losing game are
HHT, HTH, THH, HTT, THT, TTH
Therefore probability of losing the game is:
P (Losing the game) = 6/8
⇒ P (Losing the game) = 3/4
Q12. Riya and Kajal are friends. Probability that both will have the same birthday isthe same birthday is:
(A) 364/365
(B) 31/365
(C) 1/365
(D) 1/133225
Answer: (C)
Explanation:
Riya may have any one of 365 days of the year as her birthday. Similarly Kajal may have any one of 365days as her birthday.
Total number of ways in which Riya and Kajal may have their birthday are:
365 × 365
Then Riya and Kajal may have same birthday on any one of 365 days.
Therefore number of ways in which Riya and Kajal may have same birthday are:
= 365/365 X 365
= 1/365
Q13. A number x is chosen at random from the numbers -2, -1, 0 , 1, 2. Then the probability that x^{2 }< 2 is?
(A) 1/5
(B) 2/5
(C) 3/5
(D) 4/5
Answer: (C)
Explanation: We have 5 numbers −2,−1,0,1,2
Whose squares are 4,1,0,1,4
So square of 3 numbers is less than 2
Therefore Probability is:
P (x^{2} < 2) = 3/5
CBSE Class 10 Science Important Questions for Board Exam 2020
Q14. A jar contains 24 marbles. Some are red and others are white. If a marble is drawn at random from the jar, the probability that it is red is 2/3, then the number of white marbles in the jar is:
(A) 10
(B) 6
(C) 8
(D) 7
Answer: (C)
Explanation: Let the number of white marbles be x.
Since only two colour marbles are present, and total probability we know of all the events is equal to 1.
P (white) = 1 – P (red)
x/24 = 1 – (2/3)
⇒ x/24 = 1/3
⇒ x = 8
So there are 8 white marbles.
Q15. A number is selected at random from first 50 natural numbers. Then the probability that it is a multiple of 3 and 4 is:
(A) 7/50
(B) 4/25
(C) 1/25
(D) 2/25
Answer: (D)
Explanation: The numbers that are multiple of 3(from first 50 natural numbers) are:
3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18………………..48
The numbers that are multiple of 4 (from first 50 natural numbers) are:
4, 8, 12, 16…………………….48
The numbers that are multiples of 3 and 4 both are the multiples of 3×4=12 as both 3 and 4 are co-prime.
So common multiples are:
12, 24, 36, 48
Therefore probability is:
P (multiple of 3 and 4) = 4/50
⇒ P (multiple of 3 and 4) = 2/25
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