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CBSE Class 10th: Difference between Board based and school based exams

Sep 3, 2015 19:08 IST

    From the year 2011 class X Boards have been made optional, and it has been seen that many schools are going for internal exams too which are adding pressure on school administrations.

    It is for the first time that CBSE is carrying out a trial on this in various schools across the country.  Today as per the new reform, students have got a choice of selecting to appear in board exam or to go with internal exam of the corresponding school.

    But, at the end it is the CBSE board which will be awarding certificates to all students regardless of the fact whether they have opted for school- or board-conducted exams. It would not make any transformation on a student's future career even if he or she has opted for school-conducted exam. Also it should be noted that the question papers set up by the schools will be monitored and guided by CBSE only, so in such case there is no difference in difficulty level of exam conducted by the school and the Board.

    Also, there are some advantages of school based exam, School based exams give suppleness to schools to set their own examination dates. Although, the exam date structure and outline is provided by CBSE itself.

    Mainly, the difference between both exams lies in the evaluation of the answer sheets. Evaluators for school based exams would be the schools teachers themselves while those for board based exams will be external teachers.

    Also, students having given school-based examination can change schools-based on vacant seats and not through the single space admission system applicable for students having given Class 10th Board exams.

    CBSE is planning to discontinue board exams in the coming years by giving school authorities all the responsibilities to conduct class Xth exam but it will closely monitor all exam-related activities of schools

    The below given table will give you an exact overview between examinations conducted by Board and School:

    School Conducted

    Board Conducted


    Students of Senior Secondary Schools who do not desire to move out of the CBSE system.

    All the students of Secondary Schools and students of Senior Secondary Schools, if they desire to move out of the CBSE system.

    Passing Certificate

    Issued by the Board.


    Syllabus for both types of SA-II will be the same.


    The assessment will be done by the school teachers of the same school.

    The assessment will be done by the school teachers from outside the school.

    Marking Scheme

    No student would suffer because of severe/strict marking or advantage from lenient marking as the Marking Scheme for all Question Papers in all major subjects would be provided by the Board and teachers would be directed to stick to the Marking Scheme in each subject. Nevertheless, to avoid any such trepidation the Board is considering to undertake moderation of marks based on marks distribution of the students in the school as well as random verification by the CBSE of the assessment done by the school.

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