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Civil Engineering: Scopes and Hopes!!

“If God did not build it, Civil engineer did it!!”Look around us, everything of ‘Present, Past, and Future’ has a common element in it: Civil Engineering.

Jun 14, 2019 15:21 IST
Civil Engineering: Scopes and Hopes!!

“If God did not build it, Civil engineer did it!!”Look around us, everything of ‘Present, Past, and Future’ has a common element in it: Civil Engineering. It is not just brick, cement and mortar; it incorporates the simplest to the most complex engineering marvels around us. World-known endeavors such as the Taj Mahal, Hoover Dam, Leaning Tower of Pisa, Burj Khalifa, Great Wall of China and London Bridge are tokens of the hard work and expertise of civil engineers.  

Civil Engineering, the oldest and the broadest field of engineering which has been responsible for the development of infrastructure of the world around us which includes buildings, railways,  roadways, waterworks like Sewers, Dams, Power Plants, Transmission Towers/Lines, Bridges, Tunnels, Irrigation Canals, River Navigation,  Traffic Control, Mass Transit, Airport Runways, Terminals, Industrial Plants, Skyscrapers, etc. It is a rapidly advancing industry, constantly evolving to contemporary developments and concerns, such as pollution, water shortages and sustainable energies. If you are a civil engineer, the fact remains that by the end of the day you will have a testament to substantiate that “you’ve been there”. With the ever-growing population and changing climatic conditions, Civil engineers play a pivotal role in the development of the society by refashioning the infrastructure to meet its demand which is ever progressing with the innovation of new technologies. Civil Engineers ensure structure’s stability, safety during operations and ability to withstand aging and environmental conditions. During emergencies like warfare, natural disasters like floods, droughts etc, civil engineers play a significant role by facilitating those affected, help in recreating their living environment and the infrastructure required for their basic needs.

The specializations in Civil Engineering include masters in structural engineering, environmental, engineering, geotechnical engineering, water resource engineering and transportation engineering, all entitled to challenge, relentlessly changing work environments and necessitate creativity, adaptability, good problem-solving skills. The detailed knowledge of the project is a must have while simultaneously considering “the bigger picture”. In addition to the wide spectrum of challenges, the versatility of projects civil engineers can work on is below the surface delivering tunnels, underground railways and energy, and water supplies as well as above the surface creating roads, bridges, stadiums, hospitals etc. It demands creativity, focus, and challenges you to think out of the box to transform the blueprints into a fully functional structure.

Scope for Civil Engineers

Government Sector

Employment of civil engineers is projected to grow by 11 percent over the next ten years, faster than the average for all occupations. It has been predicted that there will be a demand-supply gap of 44 million crores civil engineering professionals in India. As India is a developing country, the current infrastructure suffers obsolescence, and civil engineers will be needed to manage projects to rebuild, repair, and upgrade bridges, roads, railways, dams, airports, buildings, and other structures. Government jobs include SDO’s in PWD, railways, irrigation, State development authorities, electricity board and in defense forces. The newspapers claimed that there are 1000’s of vacancies in government jobs for civil engineers. The Indian Railways recently announced over 12000 vacancies for civil engineers. As per NSDC, road and rail construction projects will have to double their employment by 2022. The Bharat Mata project in which 34800 km of roads are to be constructed with an investment of INR 5, 35,500 crores. According to a new research report by Global Market Insights, Inc., Civil engineering market is expected to reach USD 11.72 trillion by 2025.

Why women should pursue Civil Engineering?

The main reason why a woman should pursue Civil Engineering is to break the stereotypes in society. Girls are not sent to the construction site thinking that they are weak which is not true as if one has the aptitude, nothing can stop them. All the women who wish to pursue civil engineering stream must not hold themselves back just because of the line drawn by the society to divide the sectors on the basis of gender. Women should pursue Civil Engineering just to break the stereotype of being a physically weaker gender. Moreover, women can also bring great ideas to the table while designing and executing a project which has a huge positive impact in realizing aesthetically appealing structures. Therefore, women’s capabilities in the field of civil engineering have shown astonishing results.

Private Sector & Entrepreneurship

Opportunities abound in the private sector too as lots of govt. projects are outsourced to private players. For the enterprising minds, setting up own ventures and putting in tenders for govt. and private projects widens the scope of not only raking in the moolah but also letting the creativity shine. From being the proprietor of an organization, working as a consultant or contractor for govt. and private projects,  to working as site engineer, surveyor, project manager, quality control engineer, billing engineer, structure designer etc. makes this zone a lucrative one.

A growing population likely means that new water systems will be required while, at the same time, aging, existing water systems must be maintained to reduce or eliminate leaks. In addition, more wastewater treatment plants will be needed to help clean the nation's waterways. Civil engineers will continue to play a key part in all of this work.

Also, sustainable development is the key trend globally. The goals laid down by the United Nations include infrastructure, sustainable cities which will be achieved by having energy efficient buildings, smart materials in which civil engineers will play a significant role.

Why choose SGT University?

SGT University with its 2030 vision for educational reforms to prepare futuristic professionals is the place to undertake Civil Engineering. The focus of the entire curriculum is to give a hands-on exposure and learning opportunity to all the students through industry specific technology like Building Information Modeling (BIM). BIM is latest in the list of innovation and is a promising technology that creates virtual models through a 3D digital interface for building design. BIM has received wide acceptance in developed countries and the USA has made it mandatory for a civil engineer to have its knowledge. SGT University has a MoU with Tekla structures in which the trainers from Trimble will impart training on BIM software in addition to Tekla Tedds and VICO office.  The students in their B.Tech Civil Engineering will be given hands-on knowledge on MX Road, the design software used in transportation, Water gem and sewer gem, the design software for waterworks.

Solo and team projects are undertaken by students and presented at annual Tech Fest of SGT University, SYNERGY.  Students are involved in civic projects of SGT University infrastructure and are taken for regular field visits too. Industrial visits and regular interaction with industry experts leads to awareness of industry requirements and an aligned learning graph.

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