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Cloze Test Quiz for IBPS Clerk & RBI Assistant Exam 2016: Kigali Amendment to Montreal Protocol

Nov 25, 2016 15:06 IST

    In the English section in banking examinations these days, you are certain to find questions based on passages taken from renowned newspapers such as Times of India, the Indian Express, The Hindu, The Business Standard etc in sections such as Reading Comprehension, para-jumbles, cloze test etc. To help you with these, we are bringing to you questions from articles published in newspapers and you can practice them as much as you can to make your preparation more effective. There is an article follows from ‘The Hindu’ (October 17, 2016).

    Question (1-10): In the following passage, there are blanks each of which is numbered. These numbers are printed below and against each, five words are suggested, only one of which fits in the blank perfectly. Find out that word in each case.

    Although it took seven years to come to ..1.., the Kigali agreement to ..2.. the Montreal Protocol and substantially limit the emission of hydro-fluorocarbons (HFCs) that contribute to global warming ..3.. major progress. The important role played by this group of chemicals, used in refrigeration and air conditioning, is ..4.. from the scientific estimate that without a mitigation plan, HFCs could warm the world by an additional half a degree Celsius by the end of the century. As with other such global ..5.. on environmental matters, India pressed for a more lenient deadline at the Rwanda negotiations. Ultimately, it ..6.. to start freezing HFC use in 2028, four years later than its peer club countries China, Brazil and those in Africa, and ..7.. maximum reduction by 2047, two years after they do. In welcome contrast, however, India has ..8.. the manufacturers of HFC 23 — a by-product of another chemical used in refrigerant gas manufacture and with a staggeringly high contribution to global warming — to now capture and dispose ..9.. it at their own cost. The decision is of particular significance, considering the ..10.. of refrigeration and air conditioning in India with a rise in incomes, leading to higher levels of HFC release into the atmosphere.

    1. Find out the right word

    1. Fruition
    2. Fruitful
    3. Ultimately
    4. Awesome
    5. Other than those given in options

    Solution: Option (1)

    Explanation: According to the given context, the Rwanda agreement has been finalized and the countries have agreed to reduce the emission of HFC in order to control global warming. Option (1) represents this idea and that makes option (1) the right choice among the given options.

    2. Find out the right word

    1. Assist
    2. Amend
    3. Utilize
    4. Systematic
    5. Care

    Solution: Option (2)

    Explanation: According to the given context, the Kigali Agreement has been reached by the various countries in order to make some changes in the already applicable Montreal Protocol regarding HFC emission in the world. This makes option (2) the right choice among the given options as it means that the old agreement has been amended to make way for the new one.

    3. Find out the right word

    1. Exercises
    2. Assesses
    3. Represents
    4. Prescribes
    5. Other than those given in options

    Solution Option (3)

    Explanation: According to the given context, the Kigali Agreement reached by various countries represents a welcome step towards mitigation of HFC emission in the world in order to reduce global warming in the world. This makes option (3) the right choice among the given options.

    4. Find out the right word

    1. Destitute
    2. Desolate
    3. Trending
    4. Pass
    5. Evident

    Solution: Option (5)

    Explanation: According to the given context, the plan to mitigate the emission of HFC gases is significant because without a proper plan, the gas would have contributed to half a degree increase in the average temperature of the world. This makes option (5) the right choice among the given options.

    5. Find out the right word

    1. Improvisations
    2. Adjustments
    3. Assisting
    4. Imitations
    5. Compacts

    Solution: Option (5)

    Explanation: According to the context, India pushed for lenient rules and regulations in the Kigali Agreement as with any other global environmental agreements. This is represented by option (5) and that is why, it is the right choice among the given options since it means that this is another agreement on the global level for India.

    6. Find out the right word

    1. Agreed
    2. Addicted
    3. Catapulted
    4. Cared
    5. Other than those given in options

    Solution: Option (1)

    Explanation: According to the given context, India will start decreasing the emission of HFC Gases in the country four years later than the peer countries such as African countries, China, Brazil etc and that is why, option (1) should be used in this blank. It implies that India has given consent to reduce the emission of HFC gases from the year 2028.

    7. Find out the right word

    1. Attracting
    2. Reducing
    3. Achieving
    4. Galvanizing
    5. Destroying

    Solution: Option (3)

    Explanation: According to the given road map presented by India in Kigali, it is going to have the maximum reduction by the year 2047 in case of emission of HFC gases. This makes option (3) the right choice among the given options since it means India wants to achieve the target by that year.

    8. Find out the right word

    1. Attested
    2. Given
    3. Fried
    4. Ordered
    5. Other than those given in options

    Solution: Option (4)

    Explanation: According to the given context, India has given the orders to the manufacturers of HFC-23 regarding disposal of the gas by their own methods and in their responsibility. This makes option (4) the right choice among the given options.

    9. Find out the right word

    1. At
    2. Of
    3. In
    4. On
    5. Other than those given in options

    Solution Option (2)

    Explanation: According to the given context, the companies which are responsible for emission of HFC 23 should make their own arrangements to dispose of the gas on their own. This makes option (2) the right choice as ‘dispose’ is always followed by the preposition ‘of’.

    10. Find out the right word

    1. Induction
    2. Conduction
    3. Conviction
    4. Expansion
    5. Intuition

    Solution Option (4)

    Explanation: According to the given context, the decision of the government to make the manufacturers responsible for emission of HFC 23 arranging their own the disposal methods of the gas is a welcome change since in India, the use of refrigerators and air conditioners is increasing and with that the emission of HFC is also increasing. This makes option (4) the right choice among the given options since it implies that the use of these appliances has increased.

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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